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Author Archives: Anthony

2015: Victor Crescent, Narre Warren (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Diuron

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Narre Warren Township Rb at Victor Cres, Narre Warren

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 19.2ug/kg, Diuron 7ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Lysterfield West, Lysterfield (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron, Permethrin

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Lysterfield West Rb, Lysterfield

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 132ug/kg, DEET 10ug/kg, Diuron 53ug/kg, Permethrin 13.6ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Caroline Springs at Rockbank Middle Road (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Pyrimethanil

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Caroline Springs at Rockbank Middle Rd, Caroline Springs

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 14.4ug/kg, Pyrimethanil 2.4ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: River Gum Creek Wetland, Hampton Park (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron, Prometryn

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

River Gum Creek wetland, opp Drysdale Ct; Hampton Park

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 42.8ug/kg, DEET 4ug/kg, Diuron 26ug/kg, Prometryn 30.8ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Hallam Road, Dandenong South (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron, Prometryn

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Hallam Valley Rb (Aust Post), Dandenong South

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 23.2ug/kg, DEET 3.6ug/kg, Diuron 12ug/kg, Prometryn 28.8ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Taylors Lakes at Watergardens (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Pyrimethanil

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Taylors Lakes at Watergardens

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 8.4ug/kg, Pyrimethanil 2ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Cascade Wetlands, Linsell Boulevard, Clyde North (Victoria). Pesticide: Bifenthrin

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Cascade wetlands, Linsell Boulevard at Clyde North

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 7.6ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Yarrunga Reserve, Croydon Hills (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Diuron

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Yarrunga Reserve, Croydon Hills

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 36ug/kg, Diuron 17ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Yarrabing Wetlands, Wantirna (Victoria). Pesticide: DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Yarrabing Wetlands, Wantirna

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: DEET 20ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Woodlands Park, Essendon (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Woodlands Park, Winifred St; Essendon

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 23.5ug/kg, DEET 9.6ug/kg, Diuron 10ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Wattle Park, Burwood (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Wattle Park, Burwood

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 4.8ug/kg, DEET 4.4ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Village Green Reserve, Nayook Lane, Maribyrnong (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron, Permethrin, Trifloxystrobin

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Village Green Reserve, Nayook Lane, Maribyrnong

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 25ug/kg, DEET 13ug/kg, Diuron 141ug/kg, Permethrin 34ug/kg, Trifloxystrobin 9.1ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Freshfields Drive, Cranbourne North (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Prometryn

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Freshfields Drive; Cranbourne North

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 6.4ug/kg, DEET 5.2ug/kg, Prometryn 34.7ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: The Esplanade, Narre Warren South (Victoria), Pesticides: Multiple

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

The Esplanade, Narrewarren South; Narre Warren South

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 20ug/kg, Boscalid 13.6ug/kg, DEET 8.8ug/kg, Diuron 9ug/kg, Fenamiphos 11ug/kg, Metolachlor 22.4ug/kg, Prometryn 24.8ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Equator Road, Thomastown (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

RB at end Equator Rd, Thomastown

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 5ug/kg, DEET 8ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Chocolate Lilly St at North Epping (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Chocolate Lilly St at North Epping

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 17ug/kg, DEET 25ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Settlers Orchard Greygum Terrace, Croydon Hills (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Diuron

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Settlers Orchard at end of Greygum Tce; Croydon Hills

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 71.6ug/kg, Diuron 116ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Rowville Lakes, Rowville (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Diuron, Trifloxystrobin

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Rowville Lakes – Hill Lake; Rowville

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 27.5ug/kg, Diuron 55.25ug/kg, Trifloxystrobin 68ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Ringwood Lake, Ringwood (Victoria). Pesticides: Multiple

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Ringwood Lake, Ringwood

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 13ug/kg, DEET 15ug/kg, Diuron 91ug/kg, Permethrin 32.8ug/kg, Prometryn 27ug/kg, Simazine 14ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: National Business Park, Link Drive, Campbellfield (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Diuron, Permethrin

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

National Business Park at Link Drive; Campbellfield

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 36.8ug/kg, Diuron 10ug/kg, Permethrin 930.5ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: St. Clair Boulevard, Roxborough Park (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron, Metolachlor

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

St Clair Blvd, Roxborough Park

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 29.7ug/kg, DEET 12.5ug/kg, Diuron 8ug/kg, Metolachlor  22.3ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Paroo Avenue, Roxborough Park (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Paroo Ave, Roxborough Park

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 74ug/kg, DEET 2.8ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Roxborough Park @ McIntyre Ave (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Roxborough Park at Mc Intyre Ave

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 31.7ug/kg, DEET 11.9ug/kg, Diuron 9ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Orchard Grove Reserve, Blackburn South (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron, Prometryn, Pyrimethanil

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Orchard Grove Reserve at Fulton Rd, Blackburn South

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 25.85ug/kg, DEET 5.95ug/kg, Diuron 13.5ug/kg, Prometryn 13.05ug/kg, Pyrimethanil 2ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Newells Paddock Wetlands, Footscray (Victoria). Pesticides: DEET, Prometryn

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Newells Paddock Wetlands, Jamieson Ave; Footscray

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: DEET 14ug/kg, Prometryn 28ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Naganthan Way Pond, Croydon North (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron, Prometryn, Trifloxystrobin

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Naganthan Way Pond; Croydon North

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 22ug/kg, DEET 13ug/kg, Diuron 80ug/kg, Prometryn 26ug/kg, Trifloxystrobin 8.8ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Mt St. Joseph Wetlands, Altona (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Pyrimethanil

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Mt St Joseph Wetlands, Civic Parade; Altona

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 56.5ug/kg, DEET 2.3ug/kg, Pyrimethanil 2.4ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Monterey Bush Park, Ringwood (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Monterey Bush Park, Ringwood

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 78.8ug/kg, DEET 25.2ug/kg, Diuron 50ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Kingscote Way, North Epping (Victoria). Pesticides: DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Kingscote Way, North Epping

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: DEET 21.2ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Millard Street, North Croydon (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Wetland at Millard St North Croydon

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 48ug/kg, DEET 14.7ug/kg, Diuron 9ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Larnoo Drive Upper, Doncaster East (Victoria). Pesticide: DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Larnoo Drive Upper; Doncaster East

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: DEET 7.2ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Landcox Park, Brighton East (Victoria). Pesticides: DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Landcox Park, Keys Ave; Brighton East

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: DEET 8.8ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Lakewood Nature Reserve, Knoxfield (Victoria). Pesticide: Pyrimethanil

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Lakewood Nature Reserve; Knoxfield

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Pyrimethanil 2ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Lakeview Grove, Wyndham Vale (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Lakeview Grove; Wyndham Vale

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 14.8ug/kg, DEET 10.4ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Kinterbury Drive Wetland, Kings Park (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Diuron, Permethrin, Trifloxystrobin

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Kinterbury Drive wetland; Kings Park

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 97ug/kg, Diuron 162ug/kg, Permethrin  46.5ug/kg, Trifloxystrobin 49ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Kalparrin Gardens, Greensborough (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron, Permethrin

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Kalparrin Gardens at Yando St; Greensborough

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 70ug/kg, DEET 10ug/kg, Diuron 101ug/kg, Permethrin  27ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Mandalay Circuit, Beveridge (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Prometryn

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Mandalay Circuit, Beveridge

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 23ug/kg, DEET 10.3ug/kg, Prometryn  21.1ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Watson Street, Wallan (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Watson St at Wallan

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 8.8ug/kg, DEET 8ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Heritage Hills, Berwick Waters (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Diuron, Prometryn

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Heritage Hills; Berwick Waters

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 24ug/kg, Diuron 10ug/kg, Prometryn 29.2ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Saltwater Coast Wetlands, Point Cook (Victoria). Pesticide: Bifenthrin

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Saltwater Coast Wetlands at Point Cook

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 132ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Greenslopes Reserve, Mooroolbark (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron, Permethrin, Trifloxystrobin

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Greenslopes Reserve Rb; Mooroolbark

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 144ug/kg, DEET 11ug/kg, Diuron 175ug/kg, Permethrin 13.85ug/kg, Trifloxystrobin 49ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Green Street Wetland Mooroolbark (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Green St wetland off Taylor Rd; Mooroolbark

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 21ug/kg, DEET 10ug/kg,

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Gilmour Park, Upper Ferntree Gully (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Gilmour Park Rb, Ferndale Rd; Upper Ferntree Gully

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 3.2ug/kg, DEET 9.6ug/kg,

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Epsom Estate, Hutchins Close, Mordialloc (Victoria). Pesticide: Diuron

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Epsom Estate, Hutchins Close; Mordialloc

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Diuron 126.25ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Elizabeth Bridge Reserve, Durham Road, Kilsyth (Victoria). Pesticides: DEET, Prometryn

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Elizabeth Bridge Reserve, Durham Rd; Kilsyth

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: DEET 2ug/kg, Prometryn 29.6ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Dundas Street Wetlands (Victoria). Pesticide: Prometryn

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Darebin Crk Forest Park Wetlands (Dundas St Wetlands), Thornbury

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Prometryn 26ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Sierra Avenue, Derrimut (Victoria). Pesticide: DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Sierra Ave at Derrimut; Sunshine West

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: DEET 5.2ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Cheltenham Road, Dandenong South (Victoria). Pesticide: Bifenthrin, Diuron, Permethrin

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Cheltenham Rd Rb, U/S Chelt Rd; Dandenong South

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 37.2ug/kg, Diuron 22ug/kg, Permethrin 39.4ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Chandler Road, Keysborough (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Diuron, Permethrin, Pyrimethanil

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Chandler Rd Rb, Chandler Rd; Keysborough

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 68.4ug/kg, Diuron 20ug/kg, Permethrin 209ug/kg, Pyrimethanil 7.6ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Caroline Springs Estate (Victoria). Pesticide: Pyrimethanil

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Caroline Springs Estate at King Circuit; Caroline Springs

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Pyrimethanil 2ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Botanica Boulevard Bundoora (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Botanica Blvd opp Pride Ave (North Pond), Bundoora

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 111ug/kg, DEET 33ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015 April: Bonview Wetlands, Doncaster (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Diuron, Pyrimethanil

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Bonview Wetlands opp Martin Ct; Doncaster (above Ruffey Lake)

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 37.4ug/kg, Diuron 343ug/kg, Pyrimethanil 6.8ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Cyril Molyneux Reserve, Berwick (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Prometryn

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Berwick West Rb at Cyril Molyneux Reserve; Berwick

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 47.6ug/kg, Prometryn 29.2ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Tim Neville Arboretum, Ferntree Gully (Victoria). Pesticide: DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Tim Neville Arboretum, Dorset Road; Ferntree Gully

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: DEET 9.2ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Bellbird Dell Reserve , Vermont South (Victoria). Pesticide: Diuron

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Bellbird Dell Reserve, South Edge Pk, Vermont South

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Diuron 31ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Belgrave Lake (Victoria). Pesticides: DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Belgrave Lake at Judkins Ave ;Belgrave

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: DEET 42ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Albert Park Lake (Victoria). Pesticides: DEET, Diuron

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Albert Park Lake

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: DEET 7.6ug/kg, Diuron 70ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Amber Place Wetland, Wyndham Vale (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Amber Place wetland; Wyndham Vale

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 6.4ug/kg, DEET 6.4ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Alan Morton Reserve Park Orchards (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron, Prometryn

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Alan Morton Reserve at Park Rd, Park Orchards

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 23ug/kg, DEET 23.4ug/kg,  Diuron 5316ug/kg, Prometryn 21.4ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Craigmore Avenue Mentone (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Diuron, Permethrin

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Southern Road retarding basin at Craigmore Ave; Mentone

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 126ug/kg, Diuron 17ug/kg, Permethrin 84.5ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2018 February: Concerns over Mosquito Spraying with Twilight ULV on Karumba Fishery (Queensland). Pesticide: Phenothrin, Piperonyl Butoxide

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Mosquito-control spraying questioned after Gulf barramundi fail to spawn for two years

Feb 5 2018

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-02-05/mosquito-control-spraying-questioned-after-fish-fail-to-spawn/9390214

A remote Queensland Gulf community is concerned their local council’s mosquito control program could destroy the local barramundi industry after the hatchery failed to produce spawn for almost two years.

Spraying to stem mosquito numbers and mosquito-borne viruses such as dengue and zika are carried-out worldwide, and recently in Townsville, Rockhampton and Torres Strait islands.

According to the Carpentaria Shire Council, the barramundi hatchery at Karumba had not produced successful spawn since at least April 2016 until recently, when mosquito spraying was halted for two months.

Local fisherman Mathew Donald is among those concerned about the impacts of mosquito spraying on the fishing and tourism industries across north Queensland.

“If the hatcheries stopped stocking the rivers and the fisherman kept fishing the way they were, then the barramundi stocks would obviously just decline,” he said.

“The professional fishermen would have to move on, the tourists would stop coming to Karumba because of the lack of barramundi there. It would just destroy the place.”

Environmental concerns

Carpentaria Shire Mayor Jack Bawden told the ABC there were two successful spawns around the time the spraying was stopped, which prompted council to further investigate the effects of mosquito spraying.

“Whether that is a 100 per cent reason for it we still don’t know for sure. That’s why there’s more investigations happening,” he said.

Mr Bawden said the Council suspended mosquito spraying two weeks ago and have called in an environmental health officer for advice.

He said he only became aware of the issues just recently and it was an issue the present council inherited from the previous administration.

“I’ve decided looking into it myself. You’re actually told not to use it [spray] around aquaculture and environments like that because it’s detrimental to marine life,” he said.

Despite the council’s efforts, local fishermen are worried the impact goes beyond the local hatchery.

The chair of the Gulf of Carpentaria Commercial Fishermen’s Association, Shane Ward, said he was concerned about the impact on the hatchery and environment.

“Their suspicion why the last couple of spawns haven’t worked is because of the mosquito spraying and they can’t prove otherwise, so we’re a bit concerned that spraying could also impact the habitat around Karumba,” Mr Ward said.

“The local environment is what we’re concerned about because Karumba is built right on the wetlands, with mangroves almost right up to the back of some of the houses.”

The Council used a chemical called Twilight ULV Mosquito Adulticide Concentrate to manage mosquitos, which according to the material safety data sheet published on their website poses many ecological risks.

“This product is toxic to bees. Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects to the aquatic environment,” the document said.

While fishermen were comforted by the recent spraying suspension, some believed the council did not act quickly enough.

“That’s quite disgusting that they would keep spraying something like that around Karumba when fishing is the only reason for Karumba,” Mr Donald said.

“They should’ve been on to that a hell of a lot earlier.”

Mayor Bawden said he assured the community the Council was working to resolve the issue.

“Be patient. We’re trying to do the right thing by everyone, and at the same time get a sustainable fishery going in Karumba,” he said.

2015: Lake Legana, Patterson Lakes (Victoria). Pesticides: Permethrin, Pyrimethanil

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Lake Legana at Iluka Island; Patterson Lakes

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Permethrin 13.7ug/kg, Pyrimethanil 8.4ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Hendersons Creek Wetland, South Morang (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Hendersons Creek Wetland at cnr of Findon Rd and the Lakes Blvd; South Morang

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin Trace, DEET 8.4ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Austrak RB at Regional Drive, Somerton (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Austrak RB at Regional Drv, Somerton

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 8.4ug/kg, DEET 9.2ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Bungalook Creek Bayswater North (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron, Fenamiphos, Pyrimethanil

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Bungalook Creek RB at Canterbury Rd; Bayswater North

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 42.4ug/kg, DEET 4ug/kg, Diuron 59ug/kg, Fenamiphos 50.4ug/kg, Pyrimethanil 2ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Avoca Street Highett (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Diuron, Permethrin, Simazine

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Avoca St Retarding Basin at Avoca St; Highett

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 32.4ug/kg, Diuron 7ug/kg, Permethrin 41.65ug/kg, Simazine 16ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Pezzimenti Place Wonga Park (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Pezzimenti Place at Wonga Park

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 10ug/kg, DEET 13ug/kg, Diuron 69ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2015: Croydon Main Drain (Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, DEET, Diuron, Fenamiphos, Permethrin

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Potentially toxic concentrations of synthetic pyrethroids associated with low density residential land use

Supplementary Material

Stephen Marshall*, David Sharley, Katherine Jeppe, Simon Sharp, Gavin Rose, Vincent Pettigrove

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00075/full

Croydon Main Drain at footbridge near 4 Jesmond Rd; Croydon

Sediment

Feb/April 2015: Bifenthrin 65.2ug/kg, DEET 6ug/kg, Diuron 17ug/kg, Fenamiphos 47.2ug/kg, Permethrin 16ug/kg

also see: https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/the-common-insecticide-poisoning-our-rivers-and-wetlands

2019 August: 89 dead eagles Violet Town (Victoria). Suspected Pesticide Luci-Jet (Fenthion)

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Eagle death toll hits 89: Investigators test for poison at Violet Town

https://www.weeklytimesnow.com.au/news/victoria/eagle-death-toll-hits-89-investigators-test-for-poison-at-violet-town/news-story/550e7afbd251b748b92221b5fc9a3533

Sep 3 2019

THE death toll from the suspected poisoning of Wedge-tailed eagles on a property north of Violet Town has risen to 89, following the discovery of 13 more carcasses.

Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning officers are investigating if the deaths are deliberate, including the possible use of poison.

A warrant was issued early last week, allowing Victoria Police and DELWP investigators to search the sheep and cattle property’s home and buildings for further evidence.

Samples of the dead eagles have been sent off for testing.

The deaths follow last year’s discovery of the carcasses of more than 400 Wedge-tailed eagles on an East Gippsland property at Tubbut, which were poisoned during the previous two-and-a-half years.

The suspected poison in the Gippsland case was the now banned sheep dip Luci-Jet.

Luci-jet is highly toxic to birds, with CSIRO research from 1985 stating “seven species of birds in Australia are highly sensitive to the organophosphorous insecticide”, including Wedge-tailed eagles.

Poisoned birds lose their ability to stand or fly, before convulsing and dying.

Native birds are protected under the Wildlife Act 1975 and the penalty for deliberately injuring or killing wildlife ranges from $8,261 to $39,652 and/or six to 24 months’ imprisonment.

If you have any information regarding this incident contact DELWP on 136 186 or Crime Stoppers Victoria: 1800 333 000 or crimestoppersvic.com.au/report-a-crime

2019 April: Port of Portland Log Fumigation (Victoria) – Methyl Bromide

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Port moves to allay fumigation fears

Port moves to allay fumigation fears

PORT of Portland chief executive officer Jim Cooper has moved to allay public concerns about the use of the chemical methyl bromide to fumigate a log ship bound for China.
The public concerns were made to the Glenelg Shire Council.
A spokesperson for the council said that “the concerns related to the use of methyl bromide, and the prevailing wind direction on Wednesday morning”.
“The council did receive calls from members of the public last year and earlier this year about the chemical,” the spokesperson said.
“We will make enquiries as to what the regulatory uses of the chemical are.”

2019 August: Epping Market (Victoria) – Methyl Bromide

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Ozone, uh oh: Fumigator roasted for spraying pesticide at fruit market

https://www.theage.com.au/national/victoria/ozone-uh-oh-fumigator-roasted-for-spraying-pesticide-at-fruit-market-20190802-p52dan.html

August 3 2019

A fumigation company at Melbourne’s fruit and vegetable wholesale market has been ordered to stop releasing a gas it sprays to deter pests because it depletes the ozone layer.

It’s the first time the Environment Protection Authority has issued a pollution abatement notice for methyl bromide, a colourless and odourless gas often used to control insects, spiders, mites, snails and rodents.

Madiklumi Pty Ltd – the company whacked with the clean-up edict at the Epping markets – challenged the decision. However, it was recently upheld in the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal.

The environment watchdog used powers that stem from the United Nations Montreal Protocol, an international agreement first signed in 1989 to prevent the hole in the ozone layer from getting bigger.

Methyl bromide has been banned in Australia for all but certified quarantine and feedstock uses since 2005.

Sitting in the stratosphere between 15 and 35 kilometres above earth, the ozone layer filters out harmful ultraviolet light that causes skin cancer, agricultural disasters and other damage. The Montreal Protocol is credited with reversing its degradation.

After receiving a tip-off, the EPA discovered in late 2017 that Robinson’s Unloading, a logistics company connected to Madiklumi, was releasing diluted methyl bromide into the atmosphere after it had finished fumigating.

Under the VCAT order, Madiklumi was given until next February to stop. The company will also be required to provide regular reports on its compliance.

The tribunal heard that the most effective way to prevent the release of methyl bromide was to recapture it and then bury it in landfill.

Lawyers for Madiklumi argued that this would have a significant financial impact on the fumigation company, starting with a capital outlay of between $70,000-$100,000.

However, VCAT senior member Geoffrey Code and member Catherine Wilson rejected the argument, pointing out that other fumigators were able to continue operating while capturing methyl bromide.

The EPA’s CEO, Dr Cathy Wilkinson, praised the tribunal for sending “a clear message” to businesses that protection of the environment was more important than financial considerations.

“Methyl bromide is a necessary evil for many fresh produce operators, but that doesn’t mean we should abandon all environmental considerations, especially when there are viable options available for reducing its impact,” she said.

Russell Kennedy principal Stefan Fiedler said Madiklumi was disappointed with the tribunal’s decision.

“Madiklumi estimates the requirement will increase the cost of fumigation for consignment of fresh produce for distribution predominantly to the interstate domestic market and also overseas,” he said.

Mr Fiedler said the company would work to comply with the decision. It was important that other fumigators had the same standard imposed on them to prevent “market distortion”, he said.

“Madiklumi will continue its work alongside leading industry partners in pursuit of alternative technology avoiding the future use of methyl bromide,” he said.

EPA senior air quality scientist Dr Paul Torre said methyl bromide was a popular method of pest control because it was fast-acting and could be applied across large surfaces.

“But there’s the other side,” he said.

“There are these environmental impacts and that’s why they have been trying to phase this out for a number of years. It’s about finding an alternative.”

2019 March: Mosquito Spraying Burili Ulcer (Goyarra Street, Rye). Pesticides: Bifenthrin?, S Methoprene?

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Goyarra Street Rye

Department Health and Human Services Letter to Residents

Mosquito Control Activities Scheduled March 19 – No ‘Opt-out’ offered to residents

Spraying can be conducted in several ways but is most commonly applied by hand using a hose that is connected to either a backpack or a container in a vehicle.

Information from Friends of the Earth

Bifenthrin Insecticide – Used against a variety of insects including termites. Most likely enters waterways as a result of termite treatment.

Pesticide Movement Rating: Extremely Low. Soil Half Life: 26 days. Water Solubility: 0.1. Koc: 240000. (The lower the Koc, the less sorption potential and the higher risk of it washing off a site).

Human Health: Possible carcinogen, developmental/reproductive toxin, suspected
endocrine disruptor.

Ecological Information: Very highly toxic to fish, insects and zooplankton.

Beating Burili Project in Victoria Project

https://www2.health.vic.gov.au/public-health/infectious-diseases/beating-buruli

  • Cases of Buruli ulcer have increased significantly in Victoria in recent years and the disease is spreading into new geographical areas.
  • Although it’s understood that the infection is picked up from the environment, it’s not yet known exactly how humans become infected with the bacteria, or where in the environment the bacteria prefer to live. It is not spread person-to-person.
  • Research has shown that possums and mosquitoes may be involved in spreading the disease, however there may be other or multiple ways the disease is spread.
  • A two-year research project is currently underway through a collaborative partnership between DHHS, the Doherty Institute, Barwon Health, Austin Health, CSIRO, Agriculture Victoria, the University of Melbourne and Mornington Peninsula Shire, to better understand how Buruli ulcer is transmitted and determine effective ways to prevent infections and reduce infections.
  • The ‘Beating Buruli in Victoria’ project hopes to actively disrupt disease transmission for the first time and lead to the development of evidence-based policies and guidelines that can help stop the spread of Buruli ulcer around Victoria and even globally.

2019 March: Mosquito Spraying Burili Ulcer (French Street, Rye, Victoria). Pesticide: Bifenthrin?, S Methoprene?

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French Street Rye

Department Health and Human Services Letter to Residents

Mosquito Control Activities Scheduled March 2019 – No ‘Opt-out’ offered to residents

Spraying can be conducted in several ways but is most commonly applied by hand using a hose that is connected to either a backpack or a container in a vehicle.

Information from Friends of the Earth

Bifenthrin Insecticide – Used against a variety of insects including termites. Most likely enters waterways as a result of termite treatment.

Pesticide Movement Rating: Extremely Low. Soil Half Life: 26 days. Water Solubility: 0.1. Koc: 240000. (The lower the Koc, the less sorption potential and the higher risk of it washing off a site).

Human Health: Possible carcinogen, developmental/reproductive toxin, suspected
endocrine disruptor.

Ecological Information: Very highly toxic to fish, insects and zooplankton.

Beating Burili Project in Victoria Project

https://www2.health.vic.gov.au/public-health/infectious-diseases/beating-buruli

  • Cases of Buruli ulcer have increased significantly in Victoria in recent years and the disease is spreading into new geographical areas.
  • Although it’s understood that the infection is picked up from the environment, it’s not yet known exactly how humans become infected with the bacteria, or where in the environment the bacteria prefer to live. It is not spread person-to-person.
  • Research has shown that possums and mosquitoes may be involved in spreading the disease, however there may be other or multiple ways the disease is spread.
  • A two-year research project is currently underway through a collaborative partnership between DHHS, the Doherty Institute, Barwon Health, Austin Health, CSIRO, Agriculture Victoria, the University of Melbourne and Mornington Peninsula Shire, to better understand how Buruli ulcer is transmitted and determine effective ways to prevent infections and reduce infections.
  • The ‘Beating Buruli in Victoria’ project hopes to actively disrupt disease transmission for the first time and lead to the development of evidence-based policies and guidelines that can help stop the spread of Buruli ulcer around Victoria and even globally.

2019 March: Mosquito Spraying Burili Ulcer (Dawn Street, Rye, Victoria). Pesticides: Bifenthrin?, S Methoprene?

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Dawn Street Rye

Department Health and Human Services Letter to Residents

Mosquito Control Activities Scheduled March 19 – No ‘Opt-out’ offered to residents

Spraying can be conducted in several ways but is most commonly applied by hand using a hose that is connected to either a backpack or a container in a vehicle.

Information from Friends of the Earth

Bifenthrin Insecticide – Used against a variety of insects including termites. Most likely enters waterways as a result of termite treatment.

Pesticide Movement Rating: Extremely Low. Soil Half Life: 26 days. Water Solubility: 0.1. Koc: 240000. (The lower the Koc, the less sorption potential and the higher risk of it washing off a site).

Human Health: Possible carcinogen, developmental/reproductive toxin, suspected
endocrine disruptor.

Ecological Information: Very highly toxic to fish, insects and zooplankton.

Beating Burili Project in Victoria Project

https://www2.health.vic.gov.au/public-health/infectious-diseases/beating-buruli

  • Cases of Buruli ulcer have increased significantly in Victoria in recent years and the disease is spreading into new geographical areas.
  • Although it’s understood that the infection is picked up from the environment, it’s not yet known exactly how humans become infected with the bacteria, or where in the environment the bacteria prefer to live. It is not spread person-to-person.
  • Research has shown that possums and mosquitoes may be involved in spreading the disease, however there may be other or multiple ways the disease is spread.
  • A two-year research project is currently underway through a collaborative partnership between DHHS, the Doherty Institute, Barwon Health, Austin Health, CSIRO, Agriculture Victoria, the University of Melbourne and Mornington Peninsula Shire, to better understand how Buruli ulcer is transmitted and determine effective ways to prevent infections and reduce infections.
  • The ‘Beating Buruli in Victoria’ project hopes to actively disrupt disease transmission for the first time and lead to the development of evidence-based policies and guidelines that can help stop the spread of Buruli ulcer around Victoria and even globally.

 

2019 August: Mosquito Spray Trial Halted (Mornington Peninsula, Victoria). Pesticide: Bifenthrin

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Buruli ulcer mosquito spray trial halted amid pesticide, bee concerns

https://www.theage.com.au/national/victoria/buruli-ulcer-mosquito-spray-trial-halted-amid-pesticide-bee-concerns-20190814-p52h59.html

August 14 2019

A controversial plan to spray pesticide over parts of the Mornington Peninsula to fight the spread of the flesh-eating Buruli ulcer has been halted amid concerns about its effect on bees.

The pesticide trial, which was planned for October, was designed to reduce mosquito numbers in the hope that would stop the spread of the mysterious ulcer, which has mainly affected the Mornington and Bellarine peninsulas.

But the trial has been paused by the Mornington Shire Council after local residents expressed concerns about the use of synthetic pyrethroid pesticide spray.

In a petition, the founder of Save the Bees Australia, Simon Mulvany, dubbed the proposed spraying an “insect massacre”.

“The stuff they are using will kill every insect,” Mr Mulvany said. “There is also health warnings about using it near waterways because it will also kill aqua creatures including dragonfly larvae and tadpoles.”

Mr Mulvany started the petition opposing the mosquito cull after reading about the proposed spraying in The Good Weekend. The petition has been signed by 16,000 people.

“What danger does this poisoning program pose to pollinators, fauna and public health?” the petition says.

Mornington Peninsula Shire mayor David Gill said the community does not want the spraying “and have made that clear”.

“We are not going to have spraying on the Mornington Peninsula in October – they can come back to us and have another discussion,” he said.

There have been 135 cases of the flesh-eating Buruli ulcer recorded in Victoria this year, slightly down on the 165 cases at the same time last year.

Leading Buruli expert Professor Tim Stinear said research led by Melbourne scientists over the last 15 years indicated mosquitoes and possums were involved in the spread of the disease.

“When we have a disease outbreak we have an obligation to the human population to control that disease,” said Professor Stinear, a professor in microbiology at Melbourne University’s Doherty Institute.

“What we are trying to do is balance the need to control a devastating disease with minimising environmental impacts.”

He said those involved in the study were very sensitive to the environmental impacts and would continue with the consultation process.

“We are in a close partnership with Mornington Shire Council and we are certainly going to listen  to their wishes and advice,” Professor Stinear said.

He said there were alternatives to pesticide spraying, but the effectiveness of other interventions might be varied.

“It is too early to say what the alternatives might look like but they are certainly being investigated. We need to control this disease.”

The council voted to undertake extensive community consultation on the use of spraying and ask for expert advice on alternative approaches that alleviated harm to the ecosystem and biodiversity.

It would not take a position on the spraying trials – which are part of the Beating Buruli in Victoria project – until this was completed.

The council has asked for a report stipulating that fogging, where pesticide is misted from a blower, is not a viable option and that targeted spraying in yards should be a last resort.

It says safer, non-chemical pesticides should be explored.

It also says anyone affected by the mosquito cull program should be required to opt in, rather than opt out.

Cr Gill said there was an outpouring of concern at a public meeting attended by hundreds of people last Saturday.

“To a person, there was nobody supporting spraying,” said Cr Gill, who is a native bee enthusiast.

The Beating Buruli study is being funded by the Australian government, which has provided $3.9 million for Buruli research.

It is a joint initiative between the Department of Health and Human Services, Mornington Peninsula Shire Council, Austin Health, Agriculture Victoria and Melbourne University’s Doherty Institute.

Federal Health Minister Greg Hunt, who attended the public meeting on Saturday, said the Shire maintained full authority over the project and actions undertaken in its municipality.

“My advice to the meeting and the council is that they may want to consider moving to an opt-in program,” Mr Hunt said.

“It was also good to speak to locals about how to better educate physicians and diagnosticians on the ulcer.”

2016 March: Tens of Thousands of Dead Bees (Killarney Victoria). Pesticide: Fipronil

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Insecticide devastates beehives

March 14 2016

https://www.standard.net.au/story/3790222/bees-buzz-no-more-after-chemical-hit/

CHELSEA Fox and her family love honey and have four beehives on their Killarney property.

She knows that local farmers need to control crickets and locusts but wishes they could use alternatives to the insecticide that recently killed tens of thousands of bees from her hives.

Ms Fox said she first noticed hundreds of dead bees on March 3 around a hive they had commandeered in a shed behind her home.

She later found thousands more mortalities around three other hives she keeps along the fenceline of the family’s rural property and thousands more died in the ensuing days.

“I was devastated to find out that the cause of the death of my bees was due to agricultural spray that is used to control locust and crickets.

“The key ingredient is fipronil and it is highly toxic to bees and a range of other insects and fish.

“A lot of farmers I know choose not to use it and make responsible choices with their chemical use,” Ms Fox said.

“The death caused by this chemical is very slow.

“Each day I have been sweeping up thousands of new dead bees and it’s quite heartbreaking for our whole family to see all our hives slowly dying,” she said.

Ms Fox said it was difficult to determine where the chemical was sprayed because bees foraged for up to a 10 kilometre radius. She said she did not want to assign blame to anyone over the deaths.

However she had gone public with the incident in the hope it would raise awareness about the harmful non-target effects of the insecticide. She is also sending a letter to farmers near her property alerting them to the effects of fipronil on bees.

Government specialists in agricultural chemicals have told her there were a range of options available to farmers to control locusts and crickets that did not affect bees.

“If this type of devastation has happened to my four hives, imagine what it’s doing to bees on a wider scale,” Ms Fox said.

“We all know that bees are essential for pollinating agricultural crops as well as most of out fruits and vegetables that we eat,” she said.

2018 April: Busselton Bee Deaths (Western Australia)

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Bee deaths investigated

https://thewest.com.au/news/busselton-dunsborough-times/bee-deaths-investigated-ng-b88796601z

5 April 2019

Bee colonies in Busselton and Vasse have been dying and while experts have not yet confirmed the cause and extent, apiarists are pointing to insecticide.

Beekeepers first noticed colonies dying about a month ago and the Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development confirmed it has since received several reports.

The issue appears to be concentrated in West Busselton and Vasse but beekeeper Catherine Talbot conceded it was difficult to track given bees’ foraging habits.

“One of my hives is next door and they’re all dead but the two in my backyard are fine,” she said.

“I know of another in Vasse whose hives are fine and a friend of mine … knows of six (that aren’t).

“It all depends on where the bees are going.”

The Times understands bee deaths from insecticides are not uncommon but Ms Talbot and fellow beekeeper Andrew Weinert said it was the first time they had experienced it locally.

Mr Weinert lost two not-well-established hives and said the remaining bees were still dying.

“There is no easy way to pin point the source of the insecticide as bees will fly up to 5km in any direction,” he said.

Some apiarists queried whether routine spraying by the City of Busselton could be responsible but acting chief executive Paul Needham said the same products had now been used for several years.

“Minor spraying on an ongoing basis is undertaken across the broad area by our parks and gardening crew,” he said.

“The product has been used for many years across the municipality in generally mild doses and we do not believe it would adversely impact bee populations.”

DPIRB is making further inquiries into the reports and said if apiarists suspected insecticide as the cause of bee deaths, they could organise laboratory testing of honey or wax and unusual behaviour or death should be reported.

Renee Hall, who recently started keeping bees with the help of Ms Talbot, said it was distressing to watch the bees die and believed it to be indicative of “the bigger picture”.

“My husband’s been out there sweeping up the poor, disoriented bees — it’s really sad,” she said.

“And it’s got me thinking about what we put onto our food. I make strawberry jam and I think about all the pesticides that go onto strawberries — we eat that stuff.”

Ms Talbot likened the situation to “the canary in the coal mine”.

“It raises awareness about how many toxic elements are in the environment,” she said.

“If bees in your backyard are dying … it makes you wonder what else is going on out there.”

2012 June: Thousands of Bees Killed – Batemans Bay region (NSW)

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Thousands of bees killed as 750 hives poisoned

https://www.smh.com.au/environment/conservation/thousands-of-bees-killed-as-750-hives-poisoned-20120619-20l4z.html

June 19 2012

Hundreds of beehives on the NSW south coast have been sprayed with poison, with a major honey producer left devastated and a harvest ruined.

Police said about 750 beehives were poisoned on properties near Batemans Bay causing about $150,000 worth of damage.

Wendy Roberts from Australian Rainforest Honey at Sunshine Bay, which provides honey to Woolworths around the country, said about 240 of their 5000 hives had been sprayed, killing all the bees inside.

Mrs Roberts said her husband Pat discovered the poisoned hives at two of their sites yesterday morning.

The honey on some of the hives was ready to be harvested this week, but is now contaminated.

2019 June: 10 million bees killed – Griffith (NSW). Pesticide: Fipronil

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No more buzz: Griffith apiarists want to see chemical banned from use in Australia after major bee poisoning

https://www.beaudeserttimes.com.au/story/6218101/insecticide-blamed-for-death-of-10-million-bees/

June 14 2019:

The use of a toxic chemical has left 10 million bees in Griffith dead.

Five local apiarists have seen around 340 hives between them destroyed by the use of Fipronil, and they’re now calling for the insecticide to be banned in Australia.

The chemical is banned in around 49 countries including most of Europe.

Apiarist Les Ellis lost 75 hives alone to Fipronil contamination.

“It’s overkill, it’s too toxic,” Mr Ellis said.

The chemical has a 120 day half-life which means a drop on a flower can be brought back to a bee hive and can have devastating consequences

Mr Ellis said the inside of hives including wax and honey would either have to be burned or buried and cannot be re-used without endangering new bees.

Mr Ellis said the loss of his 75 hives effectively means he will retire for the second time in his life.

“It would take two years to replace 75 hives, that’s two years without income,” he said.

Fipronil is often used to combat termites or ants and only needs a few drops to be brought back to a hive or nest to be effective.

What’s not clear to the apiarists however, is how 340 hives were contaminated.

One theory is a wild bee hive was sprayed and the then unprotected honey was taken back to the apiarists hives.

While the chemical has been used to protect crops, the apiarists believed when the hives were moved to ‘safer’ locations closer to Griffith they would have been protected from contamination.

“Twenty years ago people wouldn’t care less about bees, now there’s a real buzz about bees because people understand the role they play,” Ian Carter said.

“We don’t know why this chemical is being used in town.”

Mr Carter had his bees in two locations to shield them from insecticides however many of those hives have since been destroyed.

Laboratory testing revealed the bees which had died were poisoned by fipronil which is toxic to humans if ingested in large amounts.

Apiarist Tom Doubleday said he believed the use fipronil around Griffith was contrary to the directions.

“There’s other chemicals which will do the job, they’re less toxic but more costly,” Mr Doubleday said.

2017 March: Coffs Harbour Blueberry Spraying (NSW). Bees and Methomyl

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‘Nothing untoward’ with chemical spraying on blueberry farms

https://www.coffscoastadvocate.com.au/news/nothing-untoward-with-chemical-spraying-on-blueber/3154125/

13 March 2017

DISCUSSION on radio this morning posed questions whether Coffs Coast blueberry farmers are spraying their crops at night due to public safety issues and the concoction of poisonous chemicals they are spraying?

After hearing the discussion on radio this morning, Southern Cross Honey and Pollination, which supplies 400 bee hives to local blueberry farmers supplying the Oz Berries Group, contacted The Advocate to shed light on the situation.

A company spokesman said blueberry farmers are spraying their crops between dusk and midnight so insecticide residue has dried by morning when bees from the supplied hives are active pollinating the crops.

“The farmers are spraying of a night-time to look after our bees really,” a company spokesman said.

“Farmers cannot spray in the middle of the day because it burns the leaves of the blueberry plants.

“The days of spraying nasty chemicals around are gone.

“There is nothing untoward going on at the blueberry farms I supply my bees too, just because they are seen to be spraying their crops of a night-time.

The company spokesman said most local blueberry farmers are rotating the insecticides known as ‘Prodigy’, which controls moths, caterpillars, heliothis, and bug varieties, and ‘Success’, which controls moths, butterflies, caterpillars, grubs, slugs and thrips, to ensure problem insects don’t build up resistance to one particular brand of spray.

“These chemicals clear within a day or so, I believe, but if the farmers are using another insecticide known as Lannate than that’s a worry,” the beekeeper said.

“It’s like letting off a nuclear bomb for all insects including bees.”

Another concern raised by neighbours living near local blueberry farms is spray drift onto their properties.

The local beekeeper said given the cost of the chemicals blueberry farmers aren’t going to waste their chemicals by spraying in windy conditions.

“They want the best coverage they can get. A chemical like Prodigy retails for $1500 a litre, they sure aren’t going to be wasting it over their neighbours’ fences.”

“After hearing the discussion on radio I just thought I would ring in and clear up a bit of information for the general public as to why farmers are spraying of a night-time.

“If a farmer is spraying between 3am and 9am personally they won’t be having my bees on their property. There’s no way the chemical will have cleared by the time the bees are active of a morning.

“Put it this way without bees there are no blueberries, no fruit and there’s no profit.”

Southern Cross Honey and Pollination supplies two species of bees to local farms for crop pollination, Italian bees (yellow banded bees) and caucasian bees (known for their black appearance).

 

2016: Western Treatment Plant Biosolids (Victoria). Pesticides: Aldrin, Chlordane (trans), DDD, DDE, Dieldrin, Heptachlor, Hexachlorobenzene

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March 2016 – Biosolids/ Sludge Data Summary (Melbourne Water)

The following data was collected from Melbourne Water’s Eastern and Western Treatments Plants over many years. Various compounds and parameters were tested over this time but those of most interest to the EPA and the public are shown here. This data should be used to give an indication of the average concentrations of pollutants in biosolids and sludge and how these may change as the material changes from fresh to old. Old biosolids are classified as being older than 3 years at the time of testing. All tests were conducted on dried biosolids by NATA accredited laboratories.

Western Treatment Plant Biosolids (Maximum Detections)

Aldrin: 0.3mg/kg

Chlordane (trans): 0.02mg/kg

DDD: 0.29mg/kg

DDE: 0.1mg/kg

Dieldrin: 0.21mg/kg

Heptachlor: 0.03mg/kg

Hexachlorobenzene: 0.012mg/kg

PCB’s: 5.98mg/kg

2016: Eastern Treatment Plant Biosolids (Victoria). Pesticides: Aldrin, Chlordane (cis), Chlordane (trans), DDT, DDE, DDD, Dieldrin, Hexachlorobenzene

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March 2016 – Biosolids/ Sludge Data Summary (Melbourne Water)

The following data was collected from Melbourne Water’s Eastern and Western Treatments Plants over many years. Various compounds and parameters were tested over this time but those of most interest to the EPA and the public are shown here. This data should be used to give an indication of the average concentrations of pollutants in biosolids and sludge and how these may change as the material changes from fresh to old. Old biosolids are classified as being older than 3 years at the time of testing. All tests were conducted on dried biosolids by NATA accredited laboratories.

Eastern Treatment Plant Biosolids (Maximum Detections)

Aldrin: 0.24mg/kg

Chlordane (cis): 0.031mg/kg

Chlordane (trans): 0.1mg/kg

DDD: 0.089mg/kg

DDE: 0.066mg/kg

DDT: 0.76mg/kg

Dieldrin: 0.12mg/kg

Hexachlorobenzene: 0.049mg/kg

PCB’s: 0.18mg/kg

2019 April: St George community forum addresses issue of spray drift (Queensland)

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St George community forum addresses issue of spray drift

19 April 2019

https://www.queenslandcountrylife.com.au/story/6080070/st-george-landholders-tackling-spray-drift/?cs=4717

Continued incidents of spray drift nation-wide and an estimated damage bill of $1 million to local vineyards have seen St George landholders come together to tackle the issue at a local level.

A group of almost 50 cotton, horticulture and grain growers, as well as industry and regulatory representatives, gathered earlier this month to discuss regulations, education and how best to tackle the issue.

CottonInfo extension officer Andrew McKay said other than discussions around regulations with representatives from APVMA, EPA NSW, and Biosecurity Queensland, the other significant presentation was from Brett Mawbey of SOS Macquarie.

“SOS Macquarie is a group that is already established in the Macquarie Valley in NSW, and they’re doing what we’re hoping to achieve which is basically educating spray applicators and chemical users, raising their awareness of the issues and perhaps trying to go about how to do it better,” he said.

Mr McKay said they hoped to establish a working group in the local area.

“Hopefully the group can get involved in helping to deliver an education piece around how to set up sprayers properly, and get expert input into doing that and working collaboratively with the regulators,” he said.

Spray drift, which hit most vineyards in the St George region in mid- to late-September, left an estimated damage bill of $1 million as a result of yield losses and extra picking costs.

Riversands Vineyards owner David Blacket said he had hoped vines would grow out of early leaf damage but losses became apparent in early November.

Growers say it is unclear yet if the vines will also be affected next season.

2018 Jan: Coonamble (NSW). Spray Drift. Paraquat mentioned

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16 Jan 2018

Coonamble farmer John Single speaks out on spray drift

https://www.farmonline.com.au/story/5169349/farmer-says-current-spray-drift-just-the-tip-of-the-iceberg/

Following the spate of news regarding the alleged spray drift in the Walgett shire and beyond, Coonamble farmer, John Single says growers need to step up when it comes to spray drift. 

The recent publicity surrounding herbicide damage to cotton crops is just the tip of the iceberg.

Phenoxy damage to cotton is dramatic in that it is highly visible and can be hugely detrimental to yield.

Hence cotton receives the publicity, and unfortunately, in the eyes of some farmers, cotton growers are seen as the bad guys, as they restrict the use of herbicides in cotton growing areas.

What rubbish.

We all have a very clear obligation to contain all pesticides to their intended target, legally, morally and most importantly environmentally.

We all have a very clear obligation to contain all pesticides to their intended target, legally, morally and most importantly environmentally. – John Single

All too frequently we are seeing herbicide damage to all types of crops and from the various chemical groups, not as obvious as cotton, but it is occurring.

We see it in leaf discolouration, irregular plant growth, reduced or lost tillers and in worst instances plant death.

How often do we drive through cropping areas and witness the obvious damage to the trees, or drift onto pasture country.

In isolated instances traces of paraquat has been detected in grain.

That is frightening.

And what is that distortion in my garden plant and why did that garden plant die?

As a grower who helped develop our current zero tillage cropping systems in the 1980’s and proudly promoted “maximum sustainable economic yield” through zero tillage in the early 1990’s, it is way past time to speak out about pesticide damage that is occurring in this great industry of ours.

We own the industry, we are causing the problem and we must fix it.

If we choose to do nothing, there is no doubt that in time the problem will be fixed for us.

Take for example the European Union (EU), where the purchase and use of some pesticides is monitored and controlled.

The EU recently reviewed the use of glyphosate, where it’s use has been approved for a further five years in a close vote.

The implications of Australian farmers loosing glyphosate would be horrendous for farmers and the environment.

Won’t happen you say? remember Helix.

There is no debating that the current situation is unacceptable, it simply must change.

The choices are simple, do nothing and watch government cover the agricultural industry with red tape, and or have certain pesticides banned because of irresponsible use, or we self  regulate.

Self regulation could take many forms, education is the obvious starting point.

Self regulation could take many forms, education is the obvious starting point – John Single

But let’s make certain that the information we put out there is complete.

Drift occurs in many different situations and all needs to be contained, however the primary focus is inversion layer drift.

The industry has itself to blame for inadvertently promoting night and early morning spraying, when inversion conditions are most likely to exist.

This has occurred through the promotion of Delta T conditions under which to operate, ideally of no more than a Delta T eight, which in the summer months principally occurs at night and early morning.

Delta T is the difference between wet and dry bulb thermometer or a measurement of evaporation.

This has promoted better herbicide efficacy.

However no one said where to measure Delta T, so we rely on various weather stations that record well above ground level.

Unfortunately it is at ground level in the spraying environment that we are interested in.

Frequently Delta T is less at lower heights, so spraying can continue further into the day reducing the need to apply at night.

Weed stress and size have a huge effect on herbicide efficacy, and small rapidly growing weeds are far easier to control than large stressed weeds.

Frequently in a fallow spray program it is better to extend spray hours past Delta T of eight  in order to apply to small actively growing weeds, again reducing the need to spray at night.

The information as to how to contain drift is available, but it is an age old industry problem as to how to beat that information into growers heads.

Habits are hard to break, particularly when dollars are involved.

Chemical card training should be ramped up to include detailed information on drift control, the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicine Association (APVMA) need to look at labelling to include inversion layer restrictions, a minimum of a 3 km per hour wind does not mean that there is not an inversion layer.

If growers suffer drift from neighbours, let them know, they may not realise that they or their operators have caused a problem.

The industry used to have the slogan of “conservation farming, good farmers manage it”, it could now be “minimise drift, good farmers manage it”.

Let’s hope that we don’t need to resort to “it’s cool to dob in a drifter” and need to bring in a further drum levy similar to drum muster in order to fund policing of our great and proud industry.

2019 March – Helicopter Crash Bool Lagoon (South Australia)

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Helicopter crashes into power lines at Bool Lagoon in the South East

https://www.adelaidenow.com.au/news/south-australia/helicopter-crashes-into-power-lines-at-bool-lagoon-in-the-south-east/news-story/1acd704906bb441cdcf1761e99e2c15e

A pilot has been injured after crashing his helicopter into power lines in the state’s South East.

Just after 2.30pm emergency services were called to the Bool Lagoon, just south of Naracoorte, after the helicopter clipped powerlines.

The pilot, a 31-year-old male from the South-East, suffered minor cuts and bruises in the crash and was taken to the Naracoorte Hospital for treatment.

Despite knocking down powerlines there have been no reports of power outages in the South-East.

2019 February: Growers lose $1 million from suspected toxic spray. Pesticide: 2,4-D suspected

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DISASTER: Growers lose $1 million from suspected toxic spray

https://www.weeklytimesnow.com.au/news/regional/disaster-growers-lose-1-million-from-suspected-toxic-spray/news-story/ee3f97eca06663040bab83dd4f5e38e0

A SUSPECTED spray drift disaster has created a “nightmare harvest” for St George grape grower David Blacket and other farmers who now face an estimated $1 million loss in crops.

The first signs the toxic weed killer had drifted on to Riversands Vineyards and other crops started to show in September 2018 – that’s when Mr Blacket and other growers raised their concerns with Biosecurity Queensland. Growers were hoping their vines would grow out of the early leaf damage, however their harvest yielded small, unmarketable berries.

This resulted in a loss estimated to be in the seven figures.

The Riversands Vineyards owner said he and two other grape growers in the region were feeling the loss.

“It was a nightmare harvest, with approximately half of our Menindee crop unmarketable, due to below spec berry size,” Mr Blacket said.

“Bunch weights were lighter, picking costs were also doubled, due to higher piece rates required to compensate the slow picking.

“Aggregated losses across all the vineyards in St George is around one million dollars.”

The Balonne Beacon understands Biosecurity Queensland has launched an investigation into whether spray drift from 2,4-D affected crops.

The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority introduced new 2,4-D label instructions in October 2018 in an attempt to curtail spray drift cases.

Users of 2,4-D now must comply with the new label instructions, even if they are using products with the old labels – which includes a requirement not to spray in inversion conditions and additional information on recognising inversion conditions.

These label changes came in less than a month after Mr Blacket and other growers reported their case to Biosecurity Queensland.

Mr Blacket previously told the Balonne Beacon he didn’t know the source of the 2,4-D spraying.

However he believes it has drifted from fallow weed spraying in the early weeks of September.

“This is money that won’t be circulating through the town, all because of careless spray application in unsuitable conditions,” he said.

“We (the horticultural industry) already cop enough risks growing these crops without additional risks from herbicide drift.

“It is so insidious and difficult to manage for.”

George Faessler, a nearby table grape grower, said his crops were also severely affected.

“My Flame Seedless crop was particularly hard hit, with most of the fruit unmarketable,” he said.

David Moon, an onion and cotton grower from Moonrocks, said he felt 2,4-D should be banned completely in horticultural and cotton regions.

“There are better, more cost effective options to use, which have far less risk attached,” he said.

 

2018 December: Spray Drift Costs Lucerne Grower $1.3m (Victoria)

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Spray drift costs lucerne grower $1.3 million in damages

A LUCERNE grower has been ordered to pay more than $1.3 million in damages for herbicide spray drift that damaged a neighbouring spring onion crop.

Supreme Court Justice Melinda Richards ruled last week GG & PM Burrell — a family-owned company at Beverford, north of Swan Hill — was liable for drift from herbicide spraying of a lucerne crop in July 2014.

The spray drift damaged 12.14ha of commercial spring onions grown by Butler Market Gardens, another family-owned vegetable business.

Justice Richards found drift from the spraying of Burrell’s lucerne crop on July 28, 2014, damaged BMG’s spring onions crop.

Gavan Wilson, an independent contractor, was hired by Craig Burrell to spray and harvest the lucerne crop.

It is alleged Mr Burrell asked Mr Wilson to do the winter clean-up of a lucerne crop on the Burrell farm, ­including the lucerne crop to the north and northwest of the Swan Hill block.

Mr Burrell allegedly did not give Mr Wilson specific instructions beyond asking him to get it done and to be mindful of the spring onions.

“Before that day, the spring onions were in ‘fantastic’ condition and were ready to harvest exactly on target,” Justice Richards said.

“There was no sign of damage before the spraying and the first of the spring onions were in fact harvested on July 28, 2014.

“After Gavan Wilson spray­ed the lucerne to the north and west of the spring onions with herbicide, in weather conditions that were conducive to spray drift, many people ­observed the damage to the spring onions.

“The nature and pattern of the damage was consistent with herbicide spray drift.”

Justice Richards found neither Mr Burrell or Mr Wilson held an agricultural chemical user permit or a commercial operator licence.

BMG subsequently spent about $665,000 buying spring onions from a Queensland grower and transporting them to Victoria following the damage to their crop from the spray drift, in an effort to meet a supply commitment for ­supermarkets.

Justice Richards ordered Burrell to pay BMG $1,346,570 in damages for the lost crop.

Victorian Farmers Federation grains president Ross Johns said all farmers should take care when spraying crops or risk being held liable for damage.

“It’s our responsibility not to damage neighbouring property or anyone else’s property,” Mr Johns said.

“Farmers almost every year spray during the summer period — this year is very similar, in some areas there’s been higher rainfall and stronger weed growth.

“Weather conditions play a huge role in sprayer performance (and) the operator needs to be very aware of weather conditions.

“It’s just important to adhere to these guidelines.”

The Weekly Times had contacted the Butler family for comment.

2018 December – Farmers seek compensation over claims chemical contamination of herbicides wiped out vegetable crops (Victoria) – Pesticides:

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Farmers seek compensation over claims chemical contamination of herbicides wiped out vegetable crops

Dec 17, 2018: https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-12-17/australian-vegetable-farmers-legal-action-tainted-herbicides/10568578?fbclid=IwAR2_LGCa6eQ01AYVzeEE2a_V0cqzkF25rAerniqOoC6mUo8H7jccMAEWxI0

ome of Australia’s biggest vegetable farmers are fighting for compensation, claiming their food crops were decimated by contaminated herbicides.

Multinational chemical companies Syngenta and Nufarm recalled tens of thousands of litres of tainted herbicide in late 2016 and early 2017.

The products are commonly used on a range of vegetable crops including spring onions, leeks, carrots, celery and corn to control weeds.

They contained impurities from different herbicides, which have been traced back to the manufacturer.

But not before many farmers unwittingly sprayed the polluted products on their farms.

The national agrochemical regulator says the contaminants don’t pose a risk to human health, if used according to instructions.

But some growers claim the toxic mix-up wiped out many tonnes of valuable produce.

‘Huge financial stress’

One farmer, who doesn’t want to be named, says his business and his family have been devastated by the contamination.

“The crops just weren’t performing, they weren’t growing as they should, they were just slow or stunted, pale.”

He says agricultural experts have ruled out other potential causes, and tests suggest chemicals are to blame.

“The herbicide is doing the damage. I’m very confident of that,” the farmer said.

“We lost crops, we’ve lost income from that, we’re under huge financial stress.

“It hurt our family and our partnerships and it’s hurt relationships with other farmers and other people in the industry.

“It’s something that I wish had never happened.”

He is seeking compensation for the losses and says he is afraid to be identified for fear of a consumer backlash and punitive action by the chemical companies.

Do you know more about this story? Email NatRegional@abc.net.au.

A family struggle

The Victorian Farmers Federation (VFF) is concerned for the farmer’s welfare.

President of the VFF’s horticulture group Emma Germano says it’s taking a toll on his whole family.

Contaminants in Syngenta’s recalled Gesagard and Primextra Gold products and Nufarm’s recalled Ramrod product:

  • Diflufenican
  • Prometryn/Turbutryn
  • Propachlor
  • Simazine
  • Thidiazuron
  • Atrazine
  • MCPA
  • Propyzamide

*Not all the affected herbicides contained all the contaminants listed above
Source: The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicine Authority (APVMA) and Nufarm

*Syngenta declined to provide the list of contaminants its analysis of the contaminated herbicides found.
Syngenta said it provided the information to the APVMA.

“Farming businesses are generally family businesses, and to see an entire family struggle with this has been very difficult,” she said.

“The amount of stress that he’s under and his family is under, and his extended family is under, is incredible.

“Watching this farmer go through such an incredible amount of financial and psychological stress has been the thing that we’ve been most concerned about for him,” she said.

He’s not the only farmer in dispute with the chemical companies over the allegations of crop damage.

Contamination in court

A major Victorian vegetable grower has taken his claim that contaminated herbicides wiped out his crops to the Supreme Court of Victoria.

Court documents show Riviera Farms is claiming contaminated batches of Syngenta’s Gesagard and Primextra Gold products spoiled carrot and corn crops.

The farm business is suing Syngenta and manufacturing company Accensi.

The contamination stemmed from a manufacturing fault at the Accensi factory where the herbicides were made and the company has been fined $100,000.

Defence documents show Syngenta and Accensi deny the allegations.

They’re blaming the crop failures on improper herbicide application and other farm-management failures.

Recall process slammed

One of the allegations in Riviera Farms’ statement of claim is that the farm was never notified of the herbicide recall.

A number of farmers and agricultural experts have criticised the recall process as inadequate and secretive.

The companies didn’t advertise the withdrawal but instead asked their chemical retailers to contact growers

The VFF’s Ms Germano says attempts to let farmers know did not go far enough.

“When this recall happened, it was a very piecemeal approach,” she said.

“It wasn’t reported widely enough. We’re concerned about the fact that the recall just essentially didn’t have farmers at its core.

“The Victorian Farmers Federation was not told about this recall.”

Ms Germano says some producers may still be unaware of the recall.

“We think that there needs to be a very clear recall process. If you want everyone to know about something that’s a problem, you make sure that everybody knows about it,” she said.

‘In severe distress’

US-based agricultural consultant and herbicide expert Chuck Kupatt says he’s seen crop damage on one of the affected farms.

“I saw plants that were in severe distress, were not growing in many instances, that would never form a crop,” he said.

Mr Kupatt says the testing suggests chemical contaminants are the cause.

“What I’ve seen would support that there’s damaging levels of residual compounds in that soil,” he said.

It’s now almost two years since the recall and Mr Kupatt says the issue should have been resolved by now.

“Everything is done in good faith, both when the companies develop the products, and when the farmers purchase them and use them,” he said.

“But if there’s a mistake, we have to put our big-boy pants on and say, ‘Yeah, OK, we had a problem and we’ll take care of the situation’.”

‘Unpredictable brew’

Mr Kupatt says the contaminants are chemicals that can be found in other herbicides for different crops.

But he said most of them would not normally be applied to the vegetable crops they were used on.

“Some of the contaminants that are on that list would generally not be used in vegetable culture because there is no tolerance to the crop,” he said.

“Which means if you spray them on the crop, you can get damage.”

Mr Kupatt says there is little or no independent science on how the contaminants might act in combination with each other, or with the active ingredients in the herbicide.

“Now that’s probably the biggest questions here … nobody would have ever thought to research those combinations,” he said.

“There’s several different types of chemistry here with many different modes of action.

“If you had any combination of these, you’re probably going to have a pretty unpredictable brew when you have them all put together into a product. So putting five or six of them together is a really, really difficult situation.”

‘Cocktail of herbicides’

Agricultural consultant David Bell has been employed by a number of farmers concerned about chemical contamination to provide expert advice.

He says farmers are afraid to speak out about the problem.

“These are very, very large multinational chemical companies, who wield big sticks in the industry,” he said.

He says the mix of chemicals means there could be a multiplication effect going on.

“What we’ve got is a cocktail of herbicides in the drums,” he said.

“We’ve got a poor plant trying to outgrow one herbicide, then being whacked by a second or third or even fourth or fifth herbicide.”

He too says he’s seen the personal toll the dispute is taking.

“I see farmers stand in paddocks with tears running down their face, looking at crops that these farmers take pride in growing,” he said.

“Their crops are literally dying before their eyes … These are very, very good vegetable farmers that are struggling to have people understand that it’s the herbicides that have caused the damage to their farms.”

Call for inquiry

Independent agricultural and herbicide expert John Seidel said it would be very difficult to prove the combination of chemical contaminants was totally safe for crops.

“When you put it in different soil types … the amount of breakdown depends on microbial action, on amount of rainfall, and a lot of factors come into play,” he said.

“I think it needs a bit more due diligence, a bit more stewardship from the companies to find out exactly what is going on here.”

“They could get an independent umpire to look into it, and that would satisfy both parties,” he said.

“If you had someone independent gathering the information, and the company has got nothing to hide, that would be wonderful for them as well.”

Companies say they acted swiftly

In a statement to the ABC, Syngenta defended the way it carried out the recall.

It said the company, “does not have access to the contact details of every farmer” in Australia and that it went through herbicide retailers because of their direct access to farmers.

Syngenta said this course of action was in accordance with the voluntary recall guidelines of the national agrochemical regulator, the APVMA.

The company also said it carried out its own scientific risk assessments, which confirmed the contamination posed an extremely low risk to the environment, crops or animals.

And that this information was provided to the APVMA as part of the voluntary recall process.

Syngenta said it was dealing with two claims from vegetable growers.

The company also said it had appointed an independent research agronomist to help address potential concerns from growers about the withdrawn batches of contaminated herbicide, and that those discussions would be confidential.

Nufarm said it was alerted to the problem by a grower’s report of crop damage and that it swiftly notified the APVMA and conducted a thorough voluntary recall.

Nufarm said in its recall notice that use of the affected herbicides might result in crop damage, and offered free testing of produce and soil.

The company said it used a range of methods to reach growers who might have used the contaminated product, including contacting chemical retailers, peak horticultural bodies and, in some cases, farmers directly.

Nufarm said it had worked with growers who made claims on a case-by-case basis, and that only one claim remained outstanding.

Accensi declined to comment, as did the Federal Agriculture Minister, David Littleproud.

Process needs to be ‘robust’

Since the recall, the APVMA has made changes to recall processes and now publishes voluntary recalls on its website.

But critics say it’s not enough, and that advertising of all recalls should be compulsory.

While this contamination didn’t spark human health concerns from authorities, affected farmers say it has raised questions about the adequacy of agrochemical regulation in Australia.

Ms Germano says there are rules in place to protect farmers and food safety, but its important to make sure those rules are working.

“We saw that there was an improvement in the process, through the APVMA when this incident occurred,” she said.

“But we just want to make sure that this process is really robust.

“Mistakes happen, but we need to be able to deal with that when it happens.”

It’s too late for farmers who say they’ve suffered as a result of this contamination.

One farmer, who wanted to remain anonymous, told the ABC it was not up to growers to take on the chemical giants when things like this go wrong.

He said the APVMA should be protecting farmers from damaging incidents like this and the companies involved should be more helpful.

“I speak to a number of growers around Victoria and Australia,” he said.

“It certainly hurt a lot of businesses, and some can’t afford to fight it, and some just can’t win the battle … They knew there was damage, they should’ve helped growers a lot more.

“It was handled badly and we’ve got to learn from this … The next time it happens, and it will happen again, it’s got to be handled better.”

2018 November: Griffith Spraydrift (New South Wales). Pesticide: 2,4-D

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Further drift incidents cause concern

Gregor Heard@grheard

https://www.northqueenslandregister.com.au/story/5757590/further-drift-incidents-cause-concern/?cs=4751

Australian sprayers are being cautioned they risk losing critical chemistry if they continue to cause damage through spray drift.

JUST weeks after the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) issued new regulations to do with usage of 2,4-D herbicides to reduce the risk of drift there have been reports down the east coast of summer crop damaged by chemical drift.

Spray application expert Mary O’Brien said she had been contacted about drift events in locations ranging from central Queensland to as far south as Griffith in the Riverina.

“It’s a real concern, I’ve been a strong advocate of making sure you do everything right to minimise the risk of inversion but it does not appear the message is getting through.

“If we’re not careful there’s the real risk this chemistry will be taken off us, and I imagine the people farming in areas where there is not a summer cropping industry will not be pleased to lose a valuable chemistry because of incidents like these,” Ms O’Brien said.

Her comments on drift incidents were backed up by an agronomist in the Moree district who declined to be named.

He said a client had lost 150 hectares of cotton due to drift damage from an unknown chemical.

“We don’t know what it chemical it was exactly but the damage has certainly been done.”

“It is still early enough to replant, but the cost of sourcing new seed and replanting is going to be around $100/ha, so it is a substantial cost.”

Further to this, Ms O’Brien said she had heard of issues with cotton in CQ, grape vines that suffered from chemical damage in the St George area and 34ha of cotton damaged at Griffith.

Ms O’Brien has previously spoken out about the risks of night spraying.

“For me, in order to manage risk properly, I would not be spraying at night because the risk of inversion is just too great,” she said.

“In virtually all instances in Australian conditions over virtually all year, the risk of inversion grows at night so it is something you have to weigh up very carefully.”

Grain Producers South Australia chairman Wade Dabinett said grain growers in SA, which a strong viticulture sector, have long understood the need for minimising drift.

“People who farm around grape areas know they have to be super careful not to jeopardise other people’s livelihoods,” Mr Dabinett said.

“I think we are doing the right thing and showing we are good stewards of products such as 2,4-D, which is in our interest as we want to retain the chemistry.”

The story Further drift incidents cause concern first appeared on Farm Online.

2018 November: St. George Grapevine Damage (NSW). Pesticide: 2,4-D

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Further drift incidents cause concern

Gregor Heard@grheard

https://www.northqueenslandregister.com.au/story/5757590/further-drift-incidents-cause-concern/?cs=4751

Australian sprayers are being cautioned they risk losing critical chemistry if they continue to cause damage through spray drift.

JUST weeks after the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) issued new regulations to do with usage of 2,4-D herbicides to reduce the risk of drift there have been reports down the east coast of summer crop damaged by chemical drift.

Spray application expert Mary O’Brien said she had been contacted about drift events in locations ranging from central Queensland to as far south as Griffith in the Riverina.

“It’s a real concern, I’ve been a strong advocate of making sure you do everything right to minimise the risk of inversion but it does not appear the message is getting through.

“If we’re not careful there’s the real risk this chemistry will be taken off us, and I imagine the people farming in areas where there is not a summer cropping industry will not be pleased to lose a valuable chemistry because of incidents like these,” Ms O’Brien said.

Her comments on drift incidents were backed up by an agronomist in the Moree district who declined to be named.

He said a client had lost 150 hectares of cotton due to drift damage from an unknown chemical.

“We don’t know what it chemical it was exactly but the damage has certainly been done.”

“It is still early enough to replant, but the cost of sourcing new seed and replanting is going to be around $100/ha, so it is a substantial cost.”

Further to this, Ms O’Brien said she had heard of issues with cotton in CQ, grape vines that suffered from chemical damage in the St George area and 34ha of cotton damaged at Griffith.

Ms O’Brien has previously spoken out about the risks of night spraying.

“For me, in order to manage risk properly, I would not be spraying at night because the risk of inversion is just too great,” she said.

“In virtually all instances in Australian conditions over virtually all year, the risk of inversion grows at night so it is something you have to weigh up very carefully.”

Grain Producers South Australia chairman Wade Dabinett said grain growers in SA, which a strong viticulture sector, have long understood the need for minimising drift.

“People who farm around grape areas know they have to be super careful not to jeopardise other people’s livelihoods,” Mr Dabinett said.

“I think we are doing the right thing and showing we are good stewards of products such as 2,4-D, which is in our interest as we want to retain the chemistry.”

The story Further drift incidents cause concern first appeared on Farm Online.

2018 November: Spraydrift (Central Queensland). Pesticide: 2,4-D

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Further drift incidents cause concern

Gregor Heard@grheard

https://www.northqueenslandregister.com.au/story/5757590/further-drift-incidents-cause-concern/?cs=4751

Australian sprayers are being cautioned they risk losing critical chemistry if they continue to cause damage through spray drift.

JUST weeks after the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) issued new regulations to do with usage of 2,4-D herbicides to reduce the risk of drift there have been reports down the east coast of summer crop damaged by chemical drift.

Spray application expert Mary O’Brien said she had been contacted about drift events in locations ranging from central Queensland to as far south as Griffith in the Riverina.

“It’s a real concern, I’ve been a strong advocate of making sure you do everything right to minimise the risk of inversion but it does not appear the message is getting through.

“If we’re not careful there’s the real risk this chemistry will be taken off us, and I imagine the people farming in areas where there is not a summer cropping industry will not be pleased to lose a valuable chemistry because of incidents like these,” Ms O’Brien said.

Her comments on drift incidents were backed up by an agronomist in the Moree district who declined to be named.

He said a client had lost 150 hectares of cotton due to drift damage from an unknown chemical.

“We don’t know what it chemical it was exactly but the damage has certainly been done.”

“It is still early enough to replant, but the cost of sourcing new seed and replanting is going to be around $100/ha, so it is a substantial cost.”

Further to this, Ms O’Brien said she had heard of issues with cotton in CQ, grape vines that suffered from chemical damage in the St George area and 34ha of cotton damaged at Griffith.

Ms O’Brien has previously spoken out about the risks of night spraying.

“For me, in order to manage risk properly, I would not be spraying at night because the risk of inversion is just too great,” she said.

“In virtually all instances in Australian conditions over virtually all year, the risk of inversion grows at night so it is something you have to weigh up very carefully.”

Grain Producers South Australia chairman Wade Dabinett said grain growers in SA, which a strong viticulture sector, have long understood the need for minimising drift.

“People who farm around grape areas know they have to be super careful not to jeopardise other people’s livelihoods,” Mr Dabinett said.

“I think we are doing the right thing and showing we are good stewards of products such as 2,4-D, which is in our interest as we want to retain the chemistry.”

The story Further drift incidents cause concern first appeared on Farm Online.

2018 September: Alstonville Bee Deaths (New South Wales). Pesticide: Fipronil

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Independent Testing found Fipronil in these bees at 0.005ug/bee (sep/oct 2018)

Cause of mass bee death a mystery

EARLIER this month, Alstonville amateur beekeeper Mark Fleming managed to find a break in the rain, and went out to check on his beehives. What he found horrified him.

There were hundreds of dead and dying bees blanketing ground at the foot of his hives, with more appearing out of the hive with every passing second.

“They were just coming out of the hive and falling and dying,” Mr Fleming said.

“I didn’t even think that it could be poison at first.”

After studying some of the dead bees, Mr Fleming started to notice recurring characteristics.

“Dying bees have been showing jerky movements, and have been falling on to their sides and back,” he said.

“Their proboscises have also been protruding, which is something that usually only happens while foraging.”

Following research online, Mr Fleming believes the bees had all been poisoned by chemical sprays or pesticides.

Mark soon discovered that his hives weren’t the only ones affected.

Sandy Jeudwine and Michael Koenen live one kilometre away from Mark, and are fellow amateur beekeepers, and discovered their bees were dying too.

He believed that it may have been happening from a few days before, due to the amount of dead bees, but can’t be sure.

The largest hives have been the ones hit most severely.

It is impossible to calculate just how many bees have been lost, however the numbers are in the thousands.

Even dead larvae have been spotted being thrown out of Michael and Sandy’s hives, impacting the next generation of bees as well.

“It’s an agonising death. It’s not sudden, but slow and painful,” Mr Fleming said.

Honey bees can forage for anywhere up to a two- kilometre radius from their hives, so trying to figure out where the poisoning happened would be practically impossible.

Mrs Jeudwine hopes that the poisoning was an accidental mistake.

Northern Rivers Amateur Beekeepers Association’s biosecurity officer Stephen Fowler said they were not trying to point the finger or place blame on someone.

“We just want people to understand,” Mrs Jeudwine said.

“We love our bees, so we’re just devastated,” Mrs Jeudwine said.

“We’re natural beekeepers, so we got into beekeeping to care for the welfare of the bees.”

Testing the dead bees for cause of death is very expensive, and even so, it would be difficult to pinpoint the exact poison or chemical.

What makes the whole situation worse is with every single hive affected, there is the possibility that the keepers have lost queens out of one or more of their hives, and it would be difficult to replace them.

“We’re just hoping that the hives can hold out and survive so that we can introduce a new queen if necessary,” Mr Fleming said.

The NSW Environment Protection Authority received two reports of bee deaths last week, and is investigating.

EPA Director North Adam Gilligan said the EPA took all reports of bee deaths very seriously and would consider all avenues, including impact from pesticides as part of its investigation.

“Bees play an important role in any healthy ecosystem and are essential for the survival of many plant species and food crops,” Mr Gilligan said.

“To help reduce risks to bees from pesticide spraying, we encourage beekeepers to let farmers know specifically when and where they are going to put their hives.”

Any pesticide spraying should be undertaken at night when bees are not foraging.

Farmers have a responsibility to ensure they are using herbicides and pesticides safely, including following product instructions carefully, monitoring local weather conditions and connecting with any local bee keepers, other farmers and surrounding neighbours ahead of time.

The EPA contacted the Australian Macadamia Society last week to remind growers that

We encourage people to report any suspected pesticide misuse to the EPA’s Environment Line 131555, providing as much information about the incident as possible.

For further information about pesticide misuse, please refer to the EPA’s website https://www.epa.nsw.gov.au/your-environment/pesticides/preventing-pesticide-misuse.

It is an offence under the EPA’s legislation to use pesticides in a manner that harms non-target animals with hefty penalties.

The maximum penalties for this are $120,000 for an individual, and $250,000 for a corporation.

2018 October: Indian Government Warns About Glyphosate on Dals. Pesticide: Glyphosate

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Modi govt says imported Moong and Masoor dals  likely to be poisonous

Oct 23 2018: https://www.nationalheraldindia.com/india/modi-govt-says-imported-moong-and-masoor-dals-likely-to-be-poisonous

FSSAI has issued warning to people to halt the consumption of Moong and Masoor dal. These lentils contain residues of the highly toxic herbicide Glyphosate, used by farmers to clear weeds

The Food Safety and Standards of India (FSSAI) has issued warning to people to halt the consumption of Moong and Masoor dal. These lentils contain residues of the highly toxic herbicide Glyphosate, used by farmers to clear weeds. It is being imported from Canada and Australia.

India does not have its own regulations on toxic herbicide Glyphosate. Therefore, FSSAI has adopted the international standards in order to ensure that the lentils being sold are safe for consumption.

According to report in The Pioneer, “There is a possibility of higher levels of residues of the herbicide Glyphosate in pulses which could adversely affect the health of consumers here. Since the maximum residual limits (MRL) for Glyphosate in pulses has not been specified in the FSSAI regulations, we have asked the concerned officials to follow the MRL for the herbicide as specified in the Codex standards,” said Food Safety and Standards of India official.

FSSAI has also directed laboratories to test the pulses for ‘Glyphosate” along with other parameters.

The apex food regulation authority came into action after Canadian food security activist Santanu Mitra alleged that imported lentils from Australia moong dal and Canadian masoor dal contain high level of Glyphosate. Food safety and agricultural scientists too are issuing warning that the use of glyphosate may prove dangerous as in Sri Lanka, where many sugarcane farmers died due to renal failure after being overexposed to the herbicide.

“Mitra thinks that the Indian diet might have become overly contaminated from imported pulses. The pulses need to be tested for glyphosate residue at every entry point which is not being carried out presently,” said an FSSAI official.

Till 2015, the herbicide Glyphosate was considered to be safe but then the WHO’s IARC classified it as a probable human carcinogen. In India, it seems that Glyphosate is being used as a pre-harvest desiccant in several crops resulting in high residues in food.

Dr GV Ramanjaneyulu, agricultural scientist and founder of Centre for Sustainable Agriculture said in a report that while it is mandatory to label organic products, imported pulses are not labelled. “It’s very difficult to find out if we are consuming Canadian pulses or locally grown ones, if they are sold in loose,” he warned.

2018 October – 4 Spray Drift Incidents (Central Highlands Queensland ). Pesticide:2,4-D

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Cotton looks promising

19 October 2018 – Central Highlands Queensland

https://www.queenslandcountrylife.com.au/story/5712465/spray-drift-strikes-central-highlands-cotton/

“… It’s not all positive in the region though, with four incidents of spray drift causing damage to crops already.

Cotton Australia chief executive officer, Adam Kay, said it was incredibly disappointing and frustrating to see that many reports already this season.

“It will take a little bit of time to see whether it’s actually just been a light dusting and it might grow through, or if it’s been quite heavy and affects the plant,” he said.

“The next couple of weeks will tell if the crops can recover from it.”

Mr Kay said he encouraged all farmers who use 2,4-D to look at the new guidelines and label changes, and act accordingly.

“In talking to the APVMA, if these changes they’ve made don’t result in a reduction in spray drift, or an elimination of spray drift, they’ve got to move to much more severe restrictions,” he said.

2017 December. Mackay Catchment (Queensland). Pesticides: Chlorpyrifos, DEET, Imidacloprid, 2,4-D, Atrazine, Diuron, Hexazinone, MCPA, Metolachlor, 4-Nonylphenol-mono-ethoxylate, 4-Nonylphenol-di-ethoxylate

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Mackay Catchment Qld – December 2017

Chlorpyrifos: 0.0057ug/L (highest detection)

DEET: 0.0116ug/L (highest detection)

Imidacloprid: 0.415ug/L (highest detection)

2,4-D: 0.045ug/L (highest detection)

Atrazine: 0.0206ug/L (highest detection)

Diuron: 0.0274ug/L (highest detection)

Hexazinone: 0.0516ug/L (highest detection)

MCPA: 0.0226ug/L (highest detection)

Metolachlor: 0.0067ug/L (highest detection)

4-Nonylphenol-mono-ethoxylate (adjuvant): 0.0154ug/L (highest detection)

4-tert-Octylphenol (adjuvant): 0.0067ug/L (highest detection)

4-Nonylphenol-di-ethoxylate (adjuvant): 0.0097ug/L (highest detection)

Metalaxyl: 0.0064ug/L (highest detection)

Source: The impacts of modern-use pesticides on shrimp agriculture: An assessment for north eastern Australia. Article in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety: February 2018 (Hook, Sellars, Kookana, Kumar)

2017 April: Burnett-Mary Catchment (Queensland. Pesticides: Imidacloprid, 2,4-D, Atrazine, Diuron, Hexazinone, Metolachlor, 4-Nonylphenol-mono-ethoxylate, 4-Nonylphenol-di-ethoxylate, Metalaxyl

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Burnett-Mary Catchment Qld – April 2017

Imidacloprid: 0.0173ug/L (highest detection)

2,4-D: 0.0311ug/L (highest detection)

Atrazine: 0.136ug/L (highest detection)

Diuron: 0.0153ug/L (highest detection)

Hexazinone: 0.036ug/L (highest detection)

Metolachlor: 0.155ug/L (highest detection)

4-Nonylphenol-mono-ethoxylate (adjuvant): 0.0101ug/L (highest detection)

4-Nonylphenol-di-ethoxylate (adjuvant): 0.006ug/L (highest detection)

Metalaxyl: 0.0064ug/L (highest detection)

Source: The impacts of modern-use pesticides on shrimp agriculture: An assessment for north eastern Australia. Article in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety: February 2018 (Hook, Sellars, Kookana, Kumar)

2017 March: Logan Catchment (Queensland). Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Chlorpyrifos, Clothianidin, Fipronil, Imidacloprid, 2,4-D, Atrazine, MCPA, Metolachlor, 4-Nonylphenol-mono-ethoxylate, 4-Nonylphenol-di-ethoxylate, Bentrotriazole

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Logan Catchment Qld – March 2017

Bifenthrin: 0.0206ug/L (highest detection)

Chlorpyrifos: 0.043ug/L (highest detection)

Clothianidin: 0.0049ug/L (highest detection)

Fipronil: 0.0738ug/L (highest detection)

Imidacloprid: 0.0297ug/L (highest detection)

2,4-D: 0.0644ug/L (highest detection)

Atrazine: 0.0042ug/L (highest detection)

MCPA: 0.0145ug/L (highest detection)

Metolachlor: 0.211ug/L (highest detection)

4-Nonylphenol-mono-ethoxylate (adjuvant): 0.0211ug/L (highest detection)

4-Nonylphenol-di-ethoxylate (adjuvant): 0.0142ug/L (highest detection)

Benzotriazole (corrosion inhibitor): 0.0142ug/L (highest detection)

Source: The impacts of modern-use pesticides on shrimp agriculture: An assessment for north eastern Australia. Article in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety: February 2018 (Hook, Sellars, Kookana, Kumar)

2017 March: Clarence Catchment (New South Wales). Pesticides: Chlorpyrifos, 2,4-D, Atrazine, Diuron, Hexazinone, Metolachlor, Tebuthiuron,

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Clarence Catchment NSW

Chlorpyrifos: 0.0179ug/L (highest detection)

2,4-D: 0.01450ug/L (highest detection)

Atrazine: 0.011ug/L (highest detection)

Diuron: 0.0187ug/L (highest detection)

Hexazinone: 0.0038ug/L (highest detection)

Metolachlor: 0.0098ug/L (highest detection)

Tebuthiuron: 0.0023ug/L (highest detection)

Source: The impacts of modern-use pesticides on shrimp agriculture: An assessment for north eastern Australia. Article in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety: February 2018 (Hook, Sellars, Kookana, Kumar)

2018 September: Katherine (Northern Territory). 1 Million Bees Poisoned. Pesticide: Fipronil

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About 1 million bees dead in NT after second suspected deliberate poisoning incident in a year

NT Country Hour

http://www.abc.net.au/news/rural/2018-09-25/million-bees-dead-in-second-suspected-deliberate-poisoning-nt/10297858

A Northern Territory beekeeper says about 1 million of his bees have been deliberately killed with an insecticide, in the second suspected poisoning of commercial bee boxes near Katherine in a year.

Sam Curtis found the dead bees inside and near their boxes on a track outside Katherine, a few kilometres off the Victoria Highway, in July.

Last week he received confirmation from a laboratory that the bees had died from Fipronil poisoning — an insecticide commonly used to kill termites.

The hives were about 5 kilometres from where another beekeeper had about 120 hives of bees die from the same insecticide in November.

Mr Curtis said the loss of bees would set his business back about $20,000.

“We had 100 breeding colonies that were completely decimated and we had probably 20 full-strength hives that were totally destroyed,” he said.

“The rest were severely weakened, so we had to clean out the comb in the boxes so there was no [insecticide] residue affecting the brood rearing, so the bees can recover.

Mr Curtis has ruled out the bees being accidentally poisoned by insecticide use on a nearby mango farm because it was spraying a different chemical.

He suspected the person responsible for the poisoning was someone who “doesn’t like bees”.

“Some people reckon it could be greenies because they think that [European] bees attack the native bee colonies, so they would try and kill the European species,” Mr Curtis said.

“Or it could be anyone related to the agriculture sector because Fipronil is a rather difficult chemical to come across.”

Two mass bee poisonings may be linked

More than 10 months on from the mass poisoning of Nathan Woods’s bees near Katherine, no-one has been held responsible and NT Police have closed their investigation.

Mr Curtis said it was possible the two cases were linked because they both occurred in the same area.

“Both of us like to put bees out that way for various trees, but our beehives aren’t very noticeable from the road,” he said.

“So this person obviously goes up and down [that track] regularly, if it is the same person.”

In addition to the loss of the bees, Mr Curtis said he was reluctant to return his bees to what was one of his best locations to place his hives.

“We were trying to breed queen bees to replace some of the hives that were dying over the years for pollination; this has really screwed that up because that was our queening site,” he said.

Mr Curtis said he had asked NT Police to investigate the deaths of his bees.

2016 September – Broken Hill Area 60 Dead Eagles (New South Wales) – Methomyl

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https://markpearson.org.au/question-without-notice-lannate-l-insecticide/

Question Without Notice-Lannate L Insecticide

On our recent visit to Broken Hill where I hosted a community forum, some alarming reports of animal cruelty and abuse were conveyed to myself and my staff. One of the more distressing issues was that of farmers and landholders using Lannate L insecticide, a highly dangerous schedule seven chemical, to poison wild animals, including wild dogs, foxes and wedge tail eagles. Reports of even insect eating animals such as birds and echidnas dying from consuming ants that have landed on Lannate L baited carcassess has sparked serious community concern.

I questioned the Minister on this issue and it seems he has forgotten that he is the person responsible for animal welfare in this state. Whether an animal is native or not is irrelevant, the issue here is the unauthorised use of a highly dangerous poison on wild animals which causes immense suffering and a slow lingering death.

Question

Mark Pearson MLC

My question is directed to the Minister for Primary Industries. At my recent community forum in Broken Hill I was told that it was common practice for landholders to purchase Lannate L, a schedule 7 insecticide, known colloquially as “Magic” because if used undiluted on a carcass it will kill anything. I was told of a sheep farmer who killed 60 wedge-tailed eagles in one week.

Will the Minister advise whether the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority has approved the use of Lannate L for wild animal control?

If not, will the Minister direct his department to investigate this unauthorised and cruel use of a schedule 7 poison?

2018 September: Tubbut (East Gipplsland) – Farm Worker Jailed for Poisoning 406 Wedge-Tail Eagles. Pesticide: Methomyl

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Farm worker who poisoned 406 wedge-tailed eagles in east Gippsland jailed and fined

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-09-24/man-poisoned-wedge-tailed-eagles-in-gippsland-jailed/10298426

A New Zealand man has been jailed for 14 days and fined $2,500 for poisoning 406 wedge-tailed eagles at three remote properties in Victoria’s east.

Key points:

  • It’s the first time in Victorian history a person has been jailed for wildlife destruction
  • The farm worker said he poisoned the birds under the direction of his employer
  • A retired wildlife officer says such culling of eagles is common on farms

Farm worker Murray James Silvester, 59, pleaded guilty to killing the protected birds at Tubbut in east Gippsland between October 2016 and April 2018.

The eagle carcasses were found hidden in bush and scrub on three separate farms spanning 2,000 hectares.

Other protected species including a kookaburra, ravens and a raptor were also found dead

Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (DELWP) prosecutor Chrisanthi Paganis told the Sale Magistrates’ Court Silvester first alerted authorities to his actions in May 2018 after an argument with his boss, landowner John Auer.

Silvester provided investigators with two diaries detailing the methods used and a hand-drawn map showing where the eagle carcasses were hidden and where the chemicals were stored.

Silvester also named others involved.

The prosecutor told the court other people were being investigated over the killings but had not been charged.

Chemicals injected into necks of sheep to lure eagles

Ms Paganis told the court three different chemicals were used to kill the eagles, but most of the eagle deaths were caused by the chemical Lannate (Methomyl).

“John Auer showed him how to do it by injecting the substances into the necks of lambs,” Ms Paganis told the court.

Lannate caused the eagles to die within 30 minutes of feeding on the sheep and lamb carcasses, the court heard.

Over the 18-month period, Silvester experimented with other chemicals, including a blue phosphorous which made the eagles severely sick but did not kill them straight away.

Sale Magistrates’ Court heard Silvester admitted to killing 366 eagles during 2017 and another 40 in early 2018 at the properties at 2742, 2744 and 2789 McKillops Road, Tubbut.

Orders, court hears

A report for DELWP estimated it would take two and a half years before breeding recovered to its pre-kill levels.

“This is our first custodial sentence for the destruction of wildlife in Victoria, so it’s a significant statement to make by the courts, that this is a very, very serious matter and this is how it will be dealt with,” said Iain Bruce, the manager of DELWP’s investigations and intelligence unit.

Defence lawyer Keith Borthwick told the court Silvester’s employer played a role in the eagle deaths.

“It was under the instruction of his employer,” Mr Borthwick said.

He said Silvester was under pressure to increase lamb survival rates.

The court was told the maximum penalty for killing that many eagles was more than $350,000 or six months’ jail.

“You brought this to the attention of authorities because you had an argument with your boss,” Magistrate Rodney Higgins told Mr Silvester.

Silvester pleaded guilty to two charges under the Wildlife Act and was sentenced to 14 days in prison and fined $2,500.

“You’ll be back home in New Zealand in a month,” Magistrate Higgins told Silvester.

The magistrate told the court he would have sentenced Silvester to three months in prison, had he not pleaded guilty to the charges at the first opportunity. 

Eagle culls ‘widespread’ on farms

Retired wildlife officer Roger Bilney said the illegal killing of wedge-tailed eagles was not isolated to the Tubbut case.

“It’s a multiple state issue, a national issue, which needs further research,” Mr Bilney said.

“This is threatening the whole species and it’s an iconic bird. People will stop and watch as they soar past. The wedge-tailed eagle is an iconic bird, a part of the Australian landscape,” he said.

He said eagles were also targeted as predators to lambs in New South Wales and Queensland.

“Especially with the value of wool and lambs increasing, a lot of farmers see the wedge-tailed eagles as a threat to their profitability,” Mr Bilney said.

“They’re certainly capable of killing newborn lambs, and we know that they do that at times and they will team up and do it, but in terms of the overall losses on a sheep farm, research shows it’s irrelevant to the overall property,” Mr Bilney said.

“Especially with the drought, and so many lambs dying due to the ewes being in poor condition, there’d be a higher mortality due to poor farming practices, or things like drought that are beyond their control,” Mr Bilney said.

2018 May: Mechanics of Pesticide-Parkinsons Link Revealed. Pesticides: Paraquat, Maneb

Mechanics of pesticide-Parkinson’s link revealed

A genetic mutation massively increases risk for agrochemical exposure.

Andrew Masterton (Cosmos Magazine) May 25 2018

https://cosmosmagazine.com/biology/mechanics-of-pesticide-parkinson-s-link-revealed

Even very low levels of exposure to some common agricultural chemicals can boost the risk of Parkinson’s disease, according to new research.

A paper published in the journal Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology reveals that exposure to pesticides known as paraquat and maneb dramatically affects the function of dopamine-producing neurons – the cells primarily targeted by Parkinson’s – in people carrying a particular genetic mutation.

Separate lines of research kicked off two decades ago identified the chemicals and the mutation – in a gene known as alpha-synuclein, located on chromosome four – as risk factors for developing Parkinson’s, but the latest study is the first to uncover what happens on a cellular level when the two combine.

“People exposed to these chemicals are at about a 250% higher risk of developing Parkinson’s disease than the rest of the population,” says Scott Ryan from the University of Guelph in Ontario, Canada, lead author of the new study.

“We wanted to investigate what is happening in this susceptible population that results in some people developing the disease.”

The role of chemical exposure in influencing risk for Parkinson’s was first identified in epidemiological studies, starting in 1998.

A separate line of investigation around the same time focussed on a large Italian family group prone to developing the disease, many members of which carried the alpha-synuclein mutation.

Ryan and his colleagues set out to determine what happens to human cell function when both risk factors are combined.

To do so researchers established two cohorts of stem cells. The first used cells derived from Parkinson’s patients known to be carrying the mutation. The second derived from standard embryonic stem cells into which the mutation was edited.

Both sets were induced to form the target neurons, which were then exposed to varying levels of paraquat and maneb.

In cells containing the mutation even very low levels of exposure prevented the mitochondria from functioning correctly, depriving the neurons of essential energy and causing them to fail.

Cells that did not carry the mutation needed higher doses before function was impaired.

“Until now, the link between pesticides and Parkinson’s disease was based primarily on animal studies as well as epidemiological research that demonstrated an increased risk among farmers and others exposed to agricultural chemicals,” explains Ryan.

“We are one of the first to investigate what is happening inside human cells.”

Critical exposure levels for the mutation-carrying cells were lower than the maximum safe levels contained in Canadian Environmental Protection Authority regulations.

Ryan says that the results indicate that current one-level-fits-all advice for chemical exposure needs to be ditched.

“This study shows that everyone is not equal, and these safety standards need to be updated in order to protect those who are more susceptible and may not even know it,” he says.

2018 August: Potential Legal Action (Western Australia). Pesticide: Glyphosate

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Councils urged to suspend use of Roundup or face risk of legal action

https://www.communitynews.com.au/hills-gazette/news/councils-urged-to-suspend-use-of-roundup-or-face-risk-of-legal-action

COUNCILS should ban the use of Roundup or risk being sued by employees and residents if their health is affected, say action groups.

The call comes in the wake of a landmark lawsuit in the United States in which a jury found chemical giant Monsanto liable for causing a school groundsman’s cancer from his exposure to the weedkiller.

The active chemical in Roundup – glyphosate –is classified as probably carcinogenic by the World Health Organisation but is still approved for use in Australia.

Alliance for a Clean Environment convenor Jane Bremmer said councils should immediately suspend the use of glyphosate in public places, particularly children’s playgrounds.

“Local government authorities are now compelled by this legal precedent to protect their constituents and worker’s health and their own legal liability by suspending the use of glyphosate in public places and invest in safer, alternative weed control practices,” she said.

“It is simply absurd to suggest that allowing children to play on freshly sprayed grass within minutes of a pesticide application is safe.

“It’s a tragic case of the Emperor’s new clothes with potentially deadly consequences.”

The Shire of Mundaring and City of Kalamunda said they would continue to use glyphosate in line with the advice from the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) recommendation that products containing the pesticide were safe to use as per the manufacturer’s instructions.

City of Swan CEO Mike Foley acknowledged several European countries had banned the use of glyphosate and said the council would monitor developments nationally and internationally.

Director of Australian anti-GM group Gene Ethics Bob Phelps said the court ruling raised thorny questions for the industry.

“These organisations should now cease their weedkiller use or risk being sued for breach of care to workers and citizens,” he said.

“Roundup is available from most hardware shops and supermarkets and retailers should review their liability for selling an unsafe product and take it off their shelves.”

APVMA chief executive officer Dr Chris Parker said they would continue to track and consider any new scientific information associated with the safety and effectiveness of glyphosate.

“In 2016, the APVMA found no grounds to place glyphosate under formal reconsideration,” he said.

“Glyphosate is registered for use in Australia and APVMA approved products containing glyphosate can continue to be used safely according to label directions.”

Mr Phelps called for an urgent review of Roundup in light of the new evidence discovered during the US trial.

Monsanto has denied the link between glyphosate and cancer and will appeal the decision.

2018 June: Derby Region (Western Australia). Pesticides: 2,4,5-T, 2,4-D

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Agent Orange survivor Carl Drysdale slams government inaction

PerthNow

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/wa/agent-orange-survivor-carl-drysdale-slams-government-inaction-ng-b88850940z

WHILE the colour photographs of his Kimberley days may be dog-eared and fading, the years do not extinguish the fire in Carl Drysdale’s belly.

The 72-year-old Pinjarra grandfather is “still fighting the machine” over the appalling ill-health and the suspicious deaths of dozens of once-healthy men who sprayed the banned 2,4,5-T during government weed eradication programs across WA’s North West in the 1970s and ’80s. It is a scandal that refuses to die, unlike the many men it affected, fuelled by decades-long government inaction and a mean-spirited bureaucracy.

“I look through the old photos and they’re mostly all dead, generally with cancer,” he tells The Sunday Times. “Dying in their 30s and 40s. Most of them are gone.”

But not all of them.

This Tuesday, yet another chapter of the long-running saga opens, with four other Agriculture Protection Board workers from the Kimberley taking their compensation claims back to the courts.

Their lawyers want WorkCover to finally acknowledge the appalling hardships that have befallen them and the wider Kimberley communities, especially in small, close-knit outback towns such as Derby.

“The weed-spraying program has haunted families in the West Kimberley as the preponderance of graves of workers, their children and grandchildren testify,” Chapman’s Lawyers’ Tony Mullen said.

It has been more than 40 years since the young butcher from Perth headed north after getting a job as the West Kimberley district officer for the Agricultural Protection Board.

He was in charge of teams of 15 men — many of them indigenous — who would go bush for up to 10 days, sleeping in swags, cooking their own tucker and enjoying the occasional bath in waterholes.

Armed with spray packs, their job was to eradicate the dreaded Parkinsonian tree, one of the many weeds threatening the burgeoning Kimberley pastoral industry.

What they didn’t know was that they were spraying the dangerous herbicide 2,4,5-T, a hazardous chemical that when mixed with equal parts of 2,4-D was better known as Agent Orange, dropped by US forces during the Vietnam war to defoliate jungles, kill crops and flush out the Viet Cong.

Years before occupational health and safety was a workplace reality and rarely wearing any protective clothing in the searing heat of the Kimberley, the APB workers literally covered themselves with the stuff, day in, day out.

It wasn’t long before the headaches began, and the rashes and sores that never healed. Then they started dying. Young men. Strong men. Men who didn’t know what sickness was.

One death in particular hit Mr Drysdale hard.

Cyril Hunter was just 33 when he died. A big, robust and proud indigenous man, he worked as a sprayer for the APB for seven years under Mr Drysdale.

“I remember talking to him once while he was sitting at the bottom of some stairs where we used to go to get paid,” he said. “He told me that a couple of mates had gone upstairs to pick up his wages.

“It then dawned on me that he couldn’t even get up the stairs. He was so buggered. He died of ventricle failure, a well-known symptom of heavy exposure to the chemical. He was a young man … there were so many of them.”

Appalled by clear anecdotal evidence of a spiralling death rate among APB employees and pushed into action by media, then-premier Geoff Gallop launched the Armstrong Report, led by world-renowned cancer epidemiologist Bruce Armstrong.

While he stopped short of concluding “beyond reasonable doubt” that the spraying program was directly linked to the alarming cancer rate, Dr Armstrong did find that APB workers might have suffered an increased risk of cancer because of their work.

The Gallop government then urged all APB workers and their dependants to file compensation claims. It said they would receive preferential treatment and be expedited through the system.

That was 14 years ago. Some claims have been settled over the years, but many have not.

Mr Drysdale refuses to let the matter die. He is determined to see it through to the end.

“It’s not just one government that pushes back, it’s been all of them,” he says on the seemingly never-ending drama. “They have been stuffing us around again and again. Then all of a sudden, a new government comes in and it starts all over from scratch.

“I know what their strategy is, ‘Let’s just wait, we’ll outlast them’. They are waiting for us to die. Well, I’m not going to give them that pleasure.”

Agriculture Minister Alannah MacTiernan would not be drawn on whether successive State governments had dragged their feet over the issue, only saying that she hoped the matters “can be brought to a conclusion soon”.

She said eight former APB workers had received payments for cancer claims that had been facilitated through the State-based worker’s compensation system.

Those confidential settlements took into account future medical expenses.

Ms MacTiernan said applications for non-cancer claims could still be submitted for assessment.

2014 – Grain Contamination (Victoria) – Flutriafol

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Cross-contamination of grain from fungicide-treated fertiliser

http://www.smithandgeorg.com.au/articles/agchemnews/autumn2014/crosscontamination.html

The Victorian Department of Environment and Primary Industries (DEPI) has reported two cases of grain contaminated with the fungicide flutriafol, where flutriafol-treated fertiliser had previously been used in equipment used to handle or store the grain.

In one case a farmer treated fertiliser with flutriafol as it was transferring via an auger to a truck. The truck was swept but the auger was not cleaned or decontaminated. Canola grain was later transferred via the auger to the truck, and when tested showed levels of flutriafol that was 17 times higher than the legal limit.

In the other case a farmer temporarily stored flutriafol-treated fertiliser in a silo, which was not cleaned before later being used to store wheat. The wheat was found to contain levels of flutriafol that are 42 times higher than the legal limit.

These cases illustrate how important it is to thoroughly clean and decontaminate equipment and facilities that are used to handle or store potentially contaminating materials. This does not only apply to grain, but to any food or feed that is handled or transported. Other examples include fresh fruit and vegetables carried in contaminated bins; and processing waste (eg citrus peel, brewers grain, etc) that is carried in trucks or bins and fed to animals.

2016 August: Pesticide Residues (Western Australia). Pesticides: Glyphosate, Imidacloprid, Haloxyfop, Flutriafol, Imazapic, Imazapyr

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Vigilance urged on residue levels to protect markets

August 27 2016

http://www.farmweekly.com.au/news/agriculture/cropping/grains/vigilance-urged-on-residue-levels-to-protect-markets/2753581.aspx?storypage=1

WHILE Australia continues to receive a top report card for its compliance with maximum residue levels (MRL), the unregistered use of glyphosate in barley still remains a hot issue for both growers and exporters.

Speaking at the Grain Industry Association of WA (GIWA) barley council spring forum at Lake Grace and the Farmanco client conference in Perth last week, National Residue Survey (NRS) director Ian Reichstein said Australia and WA continued to have 99 per cent compliance when it came to MRL.

“Over the past 15 years, Australia has achieved 99.9pc compliance with Australian MRL in bulk samples and 99pc in containers,” he said.

“This is a very good record and shows to our overseas trading partners we have integrity in grain industry.”

But he warned that single events can damage a market and a grower making the decision to use off-label mixes could have serious ramifications for the industry.

Mr Reichstein said an increased food safety focus in the Asian market meant that growers and those in the supply chain had to be aware of the market requirements and MRLs where the grain was destined.

The NRS received $1.5 million in funding from the Australian grain producer levy to undertake the collection and analysis of 6000 samples of all Australian grain each year. Of this, 2000 samples were of WA grains.

The samples were subjected to multi-residue screening for a range of pesticides, contaminants, heavy metals and fumigants.

“There are still too many people in the industry who believe compliance with Australian MRL is equal to market access, which is completely incorrect,” he said.

For WA growers, the off label use of glyphosate in barley remains a serious issue.

Of the 2000 samples collected in WA last year, 87 barley samples were subjected to the “special” herbicide screen.

Of those, 56 had detectable levels of glyphosate.

While Weedmaster DST (470 grams per litre glyphosate) is registered as a pre-harvest application in wheat, canola, hay and some pulse crops, the in-crop or pre-harvest application of glyphosate in barley is not registered.

Aside from the glyphosate levels in barley samples, Mr Reichstein said there were four MRL violations in WA last year – a canola sample with an imidacloprid reading of 0.086 milligrams per kilogram (Australian MRL of 0.05mg/kg), a second canola sample with haloxyfop 0.63mg/kg (MRL of 0.1mg/kg), an oat sample with a 0.12mg/kg glyphosate reading (MRL of 0.1mg/kg) and a lupin sample with a 0.083mg/kg of flutriafol (no MRL set).

“Some might say that out of 2000 samples, only four incidences is an excellent track record, but there are others that will say four is still too high,” he said.

“However, if you compare some of these results with the MRLs set by our markets, it would appear only 50pc of those samples with residues would be compliant.

“It is a highly risky situation if exporters are not fully aware of the trading requirements for that market.”

Mr Reichstein said non-compliance could become very expensive for the exporter, with cargo rejected or held at port, demurrage, disposal of contaminated grain, on-forwarding or return costs.

“The flow-on effect from a detection is increased sampling and cargo testing which impacts on all exporters and then the whole market can become restricted,” he said.

“Exporters may restrict future exports to avoid higher risks from increased testing and this can impact on the sale of Australian grain.”

Mr Reichstein outlined several cases of other MRL violations in Australia, including the 2014 case of a grower who created a imidazoline herbicide mix of imazapic and imazapyr rather than using the approved Intervix herbicide in a barley crop, which was detected in samples heading to Japan.

As a result, Japan increased its surveillance of Australian barley over the next five years.

“Japan has a high level of trust in Australian grain and while we were able to rectify the issue, we cannot afford to have markets lose confidence in Australia,” he said.

Flutriafol also remains an issue, with inadequate cleaning of trucks in between loads of fungicide-treated fertilisers and grain, leading to contamination, with one sample recording levels 254 times the limit of 0.02mg/kg.

“Since it was identified five years ago, the issue with flutriafol still hasn’t been resolved and we are still finding levels in samples,” Mr Reichstein said.

“Of the 21 samples last year that were more than the Australian MRL, we believe 50pc came from incorrect in-crop use and the other half from trucks or augers.”

Canola which has been treated with Verdict (haloxyfop) was still an issue, as Mr Reichstein said there were 17 violations of the 0.1mg/kg MRL set by the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA).

“After providing data to APVMA, the label was reviewed and the application timings were changed in 2014,” he said.

“But the old label is still out there and the product appears to be being applied too late in the season and contaminating the crop.

“Growers need to be aware of these issues and how they can affect market access overseas.”

It was also important for exporters to be aware of market MRL.

If countries want to change their MRL, an application is made to the World Trade Organisation through its Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) notification system.

“As 80pc of Australia’s grain is exported, the NRS monitors this very closely in consultation with the grain industry and if a country notifies of a MRL change which might impact on our market access, a submission is prepared which seeks reconsideration of the change to ensure we retain on-going market access,” Mr Reichstein said.

“If we are very mindful of requirements from our markets and there is better communication between growers and handler and marketer on the application of chemicals, we can lower the risk and prevent violations in overseas markets.”

2018 July : Vijayawada (India) – Glyphosate

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Imported lentils laced with weed killer

DECCAN CHRONICLE Jul 19, 2018

https://www.deccanchronicle.com/nation/current-affairs/190718/imported-lentils-laced-with-weed-killer.html
Food safety activists said every imported agriculture commodity needed to be tested for chemical residues but this was being ignored here.
 Some lentils that were imported from India by some Canadian restaurants showed 25 parts per billion of glyphosate.

 

Vijayawada: Indians are consuming highly toxic lentils (masoor dal) and moong dal that are imported from Canada and Australia respectively. The lentils and moong dal are induced with the herbicide Glyphosate, that is being used by Canadian and Australian farmers indiscriminately to clear weeds.

Tests conducted by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) on thousands of samples of these lentils and moong dal grown by farmers in Canada and Australia found an average 282 parts per billion (PPB) and 1,000 parts per billion of glyphosate respectively, which is extremely high on any standards.

Some lentils that were imported from India by some Canadian restaurants showed 25 parts per billion of glyphosate. India has been traditionally the biggest producer and consumer of pulses. Recently, it has also become a huge importer of pulses.

On an average, India has been importing 5 to 7 million tonnes of pulses annually. Almost half this quantity is imported from Canada and Australia and the rest from Myanmar, Ukraine, Russia and some African countries.

Glyphosate is known to be highly toxic and harmful to health. It can adversely affect immunity to serious diseases and the absorption of mineral and vitamin nutrients, apart from disrupting protein-related functions.

“India appears to import a lot of pulses from Canada, Australia and Myanmar. I have seen test records of Canadian grown pulses which are all desiccated by glyphosate. I also have seen results of test on Australian moong dal (known as moong beans in Canada) as tested by the CFIA which also had over 1,000 parts per billion of glyphosate,” Indian-born Canadian food security activist Tony Mitra, who made the CFIA test on these pulses for Glyphosate told this newspaper.

“India is also importing these pulses. Consumers do not seem to know if or when they are buying Canadian lentils or lentils mixed with local produce, and how much glyphosate is in their dal. Canadians do not consume these pulses which are grown to be exported  to other countries, especially India. In Canada, in one of the provinces, some millions of acres of land is being used to grow pulses only to be exported to India,” Mr Mitra said.

He added that 87 per cent of Canadian lentils were contaminated and the average level of contamination was 282 parts per billion. Only 40 per cent of Indian samples were contaminated while the average was 25 parts per billion.

Food safety activists said every imported agriculture commodity needed to be tested for chemical residues but this was being ignored here.

“While it is mandatory to label organic products, imported pulses are not labelled. It’s very difficult to find out if we are consuming Canadian pulses or locally grown ones, if they are sold in loose. In some supermarkets, they label the country of origin where we will have a choice whether to buy the packet or not,” said Dr G.V. Ramanjaneyulu, agricultural scientist and founder of Centre for Sustainable Agriculture.

“ At the entry points, these imported pulses are not being checked for glyphosate residue due to which pulses induced the highly toxic chemical from other countries are making their way into India and ultimately into the stomachs of Indians,” he said.

Farmers warned against using glyphosate without proper gear

Food safety and agricultural scientists are warning that the use of glyphosate may prove lethal. They are citing the example of Sri Lanka, where many sugarcane farmers died due to renal failure after being overexposed to the herbicide.

Glyphosate is a popular herbicide among farmers in the Telugu speaking states. Glyphosate is officially allowed to be used in only tea gardens, but is available across the country under various names and brands.“While farmers have to wear astronaut suit kind of gear while using glyphosate, it’s not the case in countries such as India and Sri Lanka, said Mr Tony Mitra, Indian born Canadian food security activist.

2017 August – Accensi Pty Ltd Chemical Company Fined $100,000

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Chemical Company Fined $100,000

August 9, 2017 – South Burnett News

Agricultural chemical manufacturer Accensi Pty Ltd has been fined $100,000 for supplying herbicides containing chemical ingredients not listed in the registered formulation.

In March this year, APVMA admitted it had been notified in December 2016 by Nufarm Australia and Syngenta Australia that they were recalling several products, made by Accensi, which had been found to contain chemicals not listed in the registered formulation.

The news that APVMA knew about the contamination and voluntary recalls but had published nothing on its website caused concern among some growers.

One West Australian farmer claimed he had lost up to 90 per cent of his celery crop.

However, after media criticism, APVMA backed down and agreed to publish information about voluntary recalls of agvet chemicals.

However, APVMA Chief Executive Officer Dr Chris Parker said there was no legislative requirement for APVMA to publish information about a voluntary recall by manufacturers.

Dr Parker said on Tuesday that Accensi had settled the payment of four separate infringement notices each totalling $25,000, under section 83(1)(a) of the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code Act 1994.

“These are the largest fines ever issued by the APVMA under the Agvet Code. The fines reflect that the APVMA treats issues affecting the quality of agricultural and veterinary chemicals seriously,” Dr Parker said.

“Crop protection is a multi-billion dollar industry in Australia and farmers rely on agvet chemical manufacturers and registrants to supply registered products that are safe and will work as directed to eliminate pests and weeds and improve agricultural productivity.

“So when we discovered that a manufacturer had supplied chemicals that didn’t meet the registered formulation, we investigated with the full force of the law.”

In addition to settling the infringement notice amounts, Accensi has been invited to provide an Enforceable Undertaking, regarding contamination control of all SC Herbicide products produced in the future.

Dr Parker said APVMA was continuing to work with registrants on the voluntary recall of affected agricultural products.

2017 January: Crop Duster Crash – Mareeba (Queensland)

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Pilot escapes unharmed after crop duster crashes into field near Mareeba

A MAN has escaped unharmed after his crop duster crashed into a field on the Atherton Tableland this morning.

Emergency services were called to the light plane crash near Mareeba about 7am.

The 25-year-old pilot is believed to have only sustained a minor finger injury.

He declined to be taken to hospital.

The plane is understood to have been significantly damaged.

2016 September: Crop Duster Crash, north of Esperance (Western Australia)

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Pilot injured in plane crash in WA’s south

A pilot has been injured in a crash involving a crop-dusting plane in Western Australia’s south-east.

The crash occurred around 10:00am on a property 105 kilometres north of Esperance.

The pilot, a 29-year-old man from Victoria, was able to exit the plane after suffering non-life threatening injuries.

He is being flown to Perth for treatment and is in a critical condition.

The incident comes just five days after a light plane crash near the Great Southern town of Mount Barker.

Both people aboard that plane survived the crash.

2016 December: Crop Duster Crash Callandoon (Queensland)

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Pilot critically injured in crop duster crash near Goondiwindi

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-12-28/crop-duster-crash-near-goondiwindi-leaves-man-critically-injured/8151048

A man in his 40s is in a critical condition after crashing his single-engine crop duster plane in a paddock in Queensland’s southern border region.

The pilot was airlifted to the Princess Alexander Hospital in Brisbane with major internal and facial injuries.

The man was pulled from the wreckage by witnesses, after his crop duster clipped power lines and crashed in a field near Goondiwindi about 7:30am this morning.

Paramedics at the scene said he suffered multiple injuries.

He was initially taken to Goondiwindi Hospital before being flown to Brisbane.

Crop-duster hit ground ‘nose-first and flipped over’

https://www.thechronicle.com.au/news/pilot-injured-after-plane-crash-rural-property/3126690/

UPDATE: An agricultural pilot is fighting for life after a harrowing plane crash on a cotton plantation near Goondiwindi.

The Australian Transport Safety Bureau and police are investigating the cause of the crash which left the male pilot, 43, in hospital with serious injuries.

The pilot, from Goondiwindi, had taken off at 6.15am for a scheduled 25-minute chemical spray on the rural property off the Barwon Hwy at Callandoon, about 30km south-west of Goondiwindi.

But when he failed to stop and refuel by 6.45am, the ground crew did a radio check.

After no contact was made with the pilot, a ground search was conducted.

A Goondiwindi farmer from the neighbouring property, Macintyre Downs, found the wreckage of the yellow air-tractor aircraft and pulled the pilot to safety about 7.10am.

He rushed the injured man in his own vehicle and met waiting Queensland Ambulance crews who then transported him by road to Goondiwindi Hospital.

The was later airlifted to the Princess Alexandra Hospital in Brisbane where he was last night in a critical but stable condition.

A police spokesman said initial investigation suggested the single-engine aircraft clipped overhead power lines, snapping two, which downed the craft.

He said the plane hit the ground “nose-first and flipped over”, causing major damage.

The ATSB and police are investigating and will compile an incident report.

10.30AM: A pilot is in a critical condition after a plane crash landed on a rural property in the Goondiwindi region this morning.

The pilot, aged in his 40s, was taken by Queensland Ambulance to Goondiwindi Airport from where RACQ LifeFlight airlifted him to Brisbane.

The man suffered major internal and facial injuries in the landing.

The single pilot agricultural aircraft was flying at a low level when it crashed, clipping a powerline in the process.

He was pulled from the aircraft and taken to a nearby residence before meeting with QAS paramedics.

The man was airlifted to Princess Alexandra Hospital in a critical condition.

8.45AM: Paramedics are treating a male pilot after a crash landing on a rural property this morning.

Queensland Ambulance were called to a private property off the Barwon Hwy at Callandoon near Goondiwindi about 7.30am with reports an agricultural plane had crash landed, injuring the pilot.

The pilot, a man aged in his 40s, had been removed from the plane and taken to a nearby homestead where he was met with paramedics a short time later.

His injuries are as yet unknown.

Queensland Fire and Emergency Services remain at the scene of the fixed-wing aircraft crash which clipped and brought down powerlines.

A spokesman said crews were securing the area.

2017 December: Emerald (Queensland) – Crop Duster Crash

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Safety bureau informed of CQ crop duster crash

SUNDAY: THE Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) have been advised of a crop duster crash which happened near an Emerald property on Friday.

A Queensland Police Spokesperson said a 37-year-old male pilot was taken to Emerald Hospital with head and chest injuries after the crash.

Initial investigations suggest the crop duster nosedived into the ground on Munro Rd between 6am and 6.30am on Friday.

Police have now passed information from the scene to ATSB who will determine if further investigation is needed.

FRIDAY: ONE man has been injured in a major aircraft accident on a farm near Emerald this morning.

Queensland Police Service were notified at about 6.20am this morning of reports a crop-dusting plane had crashed on Munro Rd, Emerald.

The man is suffering from head injuries and is being taken to Emerald Hospital by Queensland Ambulance Service in a stable condition.

2018 June: Tamworth (NSW) – Fines for Spray Drift

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The NSW Environment Protection Authority (EPA) has issued fines totaling $2250 to pesticide contractors after spray drift incidents in Moree and Tamworth.

The fines came after the EPA investigated complaints from a Moree grazier and a Tamworth olive grower.

Northern director Adam Gilligan said that in both incidents, the EPA had found evidence that the neighbouring properties had been affected by the spray drift.

Mr Gilligan said that, with winter spraying now under way, pesticide users must take all necessary precautions to ensure they were using pesticide products safely.

Spray drift can impact the agricultural operations of neighbouring properties and pose a serious threat to the health of the operators, community and the environment if spraying is not carried out appropriately,” he said.

The EPA said the Moree landholder had lodged a complaint after his grazing land was subject to spray drift when an aerial operator applied pesticides to a cotton crop on the adjoining farm.

The EPA fined the aerial pesticide operator $1500.

In the other incident, the EPA issued a fine of $750 to a Tamworth-based pesticides contractor after receiving a complaint that pesticides had drifted onto an established olive grove while spraying was occurring on the adjoining farm.

Mr Gilligan said anyone using pesticides was legally required to read the product’s label instructions, follow directions, “and where appropriate, apply suitable buffer distances to ensure pesticides do not drift”.

“Other than people using small amounts of pesticides by hand in non-commercial circumstances, most operators must have received appropriate training and hold current certification in order to apply pesticides,” he said.

“Equally important, they must keep appropriate records.”

2018 June: Moree (NSW) – Fines for Spraydrift

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The NSW Environment Protection Authority (EPA) has issued fines totaling $2250 to pesticide contractors after spray drift incidents in Moree and Tamworth.

The fines came after the EPA investigated complaints from a Moree grazier and a Tamworth olive grower.

Northern director Adam Gilligan said that in both incidents, the EPA had found evidence that the neighbouring properties had been affected by the spray drift.

Mr Gilligan said that, with winter spraying now under way, pesticide users must take all necessary precautions to ensure they were using pesticide products safely.

Spray drift can impact the agricultural operations of neighbouring properties and pose a serious threat to the health of the operators, community and the environment if spraying is not carried out appropriately,” he said.

The EPA said the Moree landholder had lodged a complaint after his grazing land was subject to spray drift when an aerial operator applied pesticides to a cotton crop on the adjoining farm.

The EPA fined the aerial pesticide operator $1500.

In the other incident, the EPA issued a fine of $750 to a Tamworth-based pesticides contractor after receiving a complaint that pesticides had drifted onto an established olive grove while spraying was occurring on the adjoining farm.

Mr Gilligan said anyone using pesticides was legally required to read the product’s label instructions, follow directions, “and where appropriate, apply suitable buffer distances to ensure pesticides do not drift”.

“Other than people using small amounts of pesticides by hand in non-commercial circumstances, most operators must have received appropriate training and hold current certification in order to apply pesticides,” he said.

“Equally important, they must keep appropriate records.”

1995-2016: Innisfail Water Supply (Queensland). Pesticides: Chlorpyrifos, Fenthion Methyl, Fenthion, Diuron, Simazine, Imidacloprid

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Raw Water Innisfail (Queensland)

Raw Water Source Results Summary 1995-2011

Maximum Results: Chlorpyrifos (1 detection) 0.33ug/L, Fenthion Methyl (1 detection) 1.3ug/L, Diuron (4 detections) 0.1ug/L, Simazine (1 detection) 0.01ug/L, Imidacloprid (26 detections) 0.1ug/L, Fenthion (1 detection) 0.007ug/L 15/7/14)

Innisfail 2013-16

Imidacloprid 0.23ug/L (max), 0.06av.

Innisfail Treatment Plant 2001-11

Imidacloprid 0.1ug/L (max), 0.02ug/L av.

Innisfail Treatment Plant 2013-16

Imidacloprid 0.19ug/L (max), 0.05ug/L av

Innisfail 2012-16 South Johnstone

Imidacloprid 0.2ug/L (max), 0.05ug/L av

Source: Cassowary Coast Regional Council – Drinking Water Quality Management Plan June 2017

2014/7: Wallaville Reservoir (Wallaville, Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Hexazinone, Metolachlor, Diuron

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Wallaville Reservoir (Wallaville Queensland)

2014/15: Atrazine 0.05ug/L, Hexazinone 0.04ug/L, Metolachlor 0.06ug/L

2015/16: Atrazine 0.15ug/L, Diuron 0.04ug/L, Hexazinone 0.02ug/L, Metolachlor 0.07ug/L

2016/17: Atrazine 0.28ug/L, Hexazinone 0.08ug/L, Metolachlor 0.14ug/L

Bundaberg Shire Council Drinking Water Quality Management Plans 2014/17

2013/7: Gregory River Reservoir (Childers/Woodgate, Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Diuron, Metolachlor

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Gregory River Reservoir (Childers/Woodgate Queensland)

2013/14: Atrazine 0.02ug/L, Diuron 0.07ug/L, Metolachlor 0.02ug/L

2014/15: Atrazine 0.56ug/L, Diuron 0.11ug/L, Metolachlor 0.26ug/L

2015/16: Atrazine 0.18ug/L, Diuron 0.1ug/L, Metolachlor 0.33ug/L

2016/17: Diuron 0.03ug/L, Metolachlor 0.07ug/L

Bundaberg Shire Council Drinking Water Quality Management Plans 2013/17

2016/17: Atherton (Queensland) – Pesticides: Bromophos Ethyl, Dichlorvos, Endrin Ketone, Heptachlor

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2016-17 Atherton Queensland

Dichlorvos 0.2ug/L (reticulation)

Heptachlor 0.01ug/L (reticulation)

Bromphos-Ethyl 0.1ug/L (source water)

Dichlorvos 0.2ug/L (source water)

Endrin Ketone 0.01ug/L (source water)

Heptachlor 0.01ug/L (source water)

Tablelands Regional Council Drinking Water Quality Management Plan Annual Report 2016-17

2015/16: Tieri (Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Desthylatrazine, Tebuthiuron, Metolachlor

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2015/16: Tieri (Queensland) Pesticides

Tieri Reticulation:

Atrazine: 0.21ug/L(max), 0.18ug/L (av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.05ug/L(max), 0.03ug/L (av)

Tebuthiuron: 0.11ug/L(max), 0.09ug/L(av)

Metolachlor: 0.03ug/L(max), 0.02ug/L(av)

Tieri Raw:

Atrazine: 0.37ug/L(max), 0.3ug/L(av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.1ug/L(max), 0.08ug/L(av)

Tebuthiuron: 0.12ug/L(max), 0.1ug/L(av)

Metolachlor: 0.04ug/L(max), 0.03ug/L(av)

Source: Central Highlands Regional Council – Drinking Water Quality Management Plan (DWQMP) Annual Report 2015/16

2015/16: Rolleston (Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Desthylatrazine, Tebuthiuron, Metolachlor

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2015/16: Rolleston (Queensland) Pesticides

Rolleston Reticulation:

Atrazine: 0.23ug/L(max), 0.18ug/L (av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.06ug/L(max), 0.04ug/L (av)

Tebuthiuron: 0.02ug/L(max), 0.02ug/L(av)

Metolachlor: 0.4ug/L(max), 0.03ug/L(av)

Rolleston Raw:

Atrazine: 0.4ug/L(max), 0.2ug/L(av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.1ug/L(max), 0.1ug/L(av)

Tebuthiuron: 0.1ug/L(max), 0.1ug/L(av)

Metolachlor: 1.1ug/L(max), 0.4ug/L(av)

Source: Central Highlands Regional Council – Drinking Water Quality Management Plan (DWQMP) Annual Report 2015/16

2015/16: Emerald (Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Desethylatrazine, Simazine, Tebuthiuron

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2015/16: Emerald (Queensland) Pesticides

Emerald Reticulation:

Atrazine: 0.08ug/L(max), 0.05ug/L (av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.03ug/L(max), 0.02ug/L (av)

Simazine: 0.03ug/L(max), 0.02ug/L(av)

Tebuthiuron: 0.15ug/L(max), 0.1ug/L(av)

Emerald Raw:

Desethylatrazine: 0.1ug/L(max)

Tebuthiuron: 0.2ug/L(max)

Source: Central Highlands Regional Council – Drinking Water Quality Management Plan (DWQMP) Annual Report 2015/16

2015/16: Duaringa (Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Desethylatrazine, Simazine, Tebuthiuron, Metolachlor

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2015/16: Duaringa (Queensland) Pesticides

Duaringa Reticulation:

Atrazine: 0.17ug/L(max), 0.12ug/L (av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.04ug/L(max), 0.04ug/L (av)

Tebuthiuron: 0.09ug/L(max), 0.07ug/L(av)

Metolachlor: 0.19ug/L(max), 0.1ug/L(av)

Duaringa Raw:

Atrazine: 0.1ug/L(max), 0.07ug/L(av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.04ug/L(max), 0.02ug/L(av)

Simazine: 0.11ug/L(max), 0.4ug/L(av) ??

Tebuthiuron: 0.39ug/L(max), 0.36ug/L(av)

Metolachlor: 0.05ug/L(max), 0.03ug/L(av)

Source: Central Highlands Regional Council – Drinking Water Quality Management Plan (DWQMP) Annual Report 2015/16

2015/16: Comet (Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Desethylatrazine, Tebuthiuron, Metolachlor

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2015/16: Comet (Queensland) Pesticides

Comet Reticulation:

Atrazine: 0.46ug/L(max), 0.32ug/L (av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.11ug/L(max), 0.08ug/L (av)

Tebuthiuron: 0.06ug/L(max), 0.04ug/L(av)

Metolachlor: 0.05ug/L(max), 0.03ug/L(av)

Comet Raw:

Atrazine: 1ug/L(max)

Desethylatrazine: 0.2ug/L(max)

Tebuthiuron: 0.4ug/L(max)

Metolachlor: 1.7ug/L(max)

Source: Central Highlands Regional Council – Drinking Water Quality Management Plan (DWQMP) Annual Report 2015/16

2015/16: Capella (Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Desethylatrazine, Tebuthiuron, Metolachlor

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2015/16: Capella (Queensland) Pesticides

Capella Reticulation:

Atrazine: 0.39ug/L(max), 0.3ug/L (av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.06ug/L(max), 0.05ug/L (av)

Tebuthiuron: 0.04ug/L(max), 0.02ug/L(av)

Metolachlor: 0.13ug/L(max), 0.1ug/L(av)

Capella Raw:

Atrazine: 0.53ug/L(max), 0.48ug/L (av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.28ug/L(max), 0.21ug/L (av)

Metolachlor: 0.33ug/L(max), 0.22ug/L(av)

Source: Central Highlands Regional Council – Drinking Water Quality Management Plan (DWQMP) Annual Report 2015/16

2015/16: Blackwater (Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Desethylatrazine, Tebuthiuron, Metolachlor

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2015/16: Blackwater (Queensland) Pesticides

Blackwater Reticulation:

Atrazine: 0.47ug/L(max), 0.42ug/L (av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.07ug/L(max), 0.07ug/L (av)

Tebuthiuron: 0.11ug/L(max), 0.11ug/L(av)

Metolachlor: 0.19ug/L(max), 0.14ug/L(av)

Blackwater Raw:

Atrazine: 0.5ug/L(max), 0.3ug/L (av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.1ug/L(max), 0.1ug/L (av)

Tebuthiuron: 0.2ug/L(max), 0.1ug/L(av)

Metolachlor: 0.2ug/L(max), 0.1ug/L(av)

Source: Central Highlands Regional Council – Drinking Water Quality Management Plan (DWQMP) Annual Report 2015/16

2018 April: Tatong (Victoria) – Victorian Protected Cockatoos Killed By Chemical. Pesticide: Omethoate

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Victorian protected cockatoos killed by chemical

A COMMON farm chemical possibly made into baits is behind the mass deaths of protected sulphur-crested cockatoos in Victoria’s northeast, authorities say.

More than 250 of the birds died at Tatong, near Benalla, in January and February, prompting calls to wildlife officers from the Department of Environment.

Greg Chant from the department said testing of samples from the dead birds indicated they had died from omethoate poisoning.

“Omethoate is a common farm chemical used to protect crops from red-legged earth mites,” he said.

“It’s possible omethoate was illegally used to create a homemade bait, which the birds ate.” The cockatoos are protected under the Wildlife Act and there are significant penalties — including imprisonment — for hunting, taking or destroying protected species.

It is also illegal to make bait products without appropriate authorisation, Mr Chant said.

“The incident highlights that using chemical products in an illegal way poses an unacceptable risk to wildlife,” he added.

“It is unclear if the birds were deliberately poisoned or not, but illegally destroying protected native wildlife is a serious environmental crime.”

The department is now looking for the person responsible and anyone with information can make anonymous calls to the department on 136 186 or Crime Stoppers on 1800 300 000.

2017 May: Murrabit (Victoria) – Biker Spray and Wiped

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Biker spray and wiped

AN angry motorcyclist who was sprayed with chemicals from a crop duster has voiced his frustration at the lack of accountability from multiple government bodies.

Adrian McVeigh was riding with a group of seven people travelling along Benjeroop-Tresco Road on his way to the Murrabit Country Market when he noticed a low flying crop duster.

“He was very low, I actually thought he was going to try and land on the road,” Mr McVeigh said.

“I was approaching a bend and just before I entered it my visor was obscured by the chemicals the crop duster released.

“Of the seven in our riding group, four of us were covered from head to toe.”

While Mr McVeigh was concerned enough about the incident to report it and visit a GP, it was actually the follow-up responses he received that left him frustrated and concerned.

“I really wasn’t too sure who the right reporting body would be but I felt it should be reported,” he said.

“Not just for the fact we were covered in chemicals while travelling on a public road, but because it could have caused me to have an accident as I entered the bend.

“I rang multiple places and each seemed to keep passing the buck and nobody seemed to believe it was their responsibility.

“What I did learn is there is more protection for crops and livestock in the event of this occurring than there is for people.”

Mr McVeigh said he contacted Gannawarra Shire Council, who advised it was not within local council power and recommended he contact the Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) who then advised it was not an issue for them. Mr McVeigh now states the council is following up on the issue.

He also contacted the Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources (DEDJTR) who put him in contact with the chemical standards officer.

He contacted VicRoads, who claimed no jurisdiction and the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA), who said their role was in relation to the plane only, not the chemical aspect.

Mr McVeigh also contacted WorkSafe Victoria as he felt the pilot may have been operating outside safe procedures and they informed him they could only investigate a matter that was happening now, not an incident that had already happened and was not continuing. He claims WorkSafe staff were rude and dismissive.

DEDJTR provided a list of chemicals sprayed and according to their safety data sheets they should not cause health effects but he suffered a headache for two days after the incident and is unsure if it was connected.

His motorcycle and helmet were both covered with the chemicals and he is concerned this could void warranty.

“I just don’t understand why there seems to be no duty of care,” Mr McVeigh said.

“I don’t know why he dropped the chemicals so close to the road knowing we were there.”

A spokesperson for DEDJTR responded to the claims saying aerial spraying of agricultural chemicals in Victoria is regulated by both the DEDJTR and CASA.

“Under the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1992 administered by DEDJTR, there are various restrictions in place regarding which chemicals can be applied by air and in which locations and circumstances,” the spokesperson said.

“These restrictions vary based on what individual chemical was used and how it was used.

“The Act also contains notification requirements when applying agricultural chemicals by air or mister within 200 metres of a school, hospital, aged care service or children’s service.

DEDJTR also said there were various offences that may apply (to breaches of the act) depending on what individual chemical was used and how it was used.

The penalties may range from $310 to $63,500.

According to DEDJTR it is not currently a requirement for sprayers to post a warning to alert passing civilians that spraying is taking place.

“The potential health impacts from spraydrift depends on the amount of drift, the toxicity of the chemical, the nature of exposure (inhalation or skin) and duration,” the spokesperson said.

Mr McVeigh said regardless of the circumstances he should never have been covered in chemicals from a plane.

“I was just enjoying a relaxing ride with friends to the local market, this should never happen,” he said.

DEDJTR can provide information to the public regarding chemicals used in spraying and their health risks.

More information on what to do if spraydrift has occurred can be accessed by visiting Agricultural Victoria website.

DEDJTR are continuing to assist Mr McVeigh in the matter.

2016 March – Spray Drift Pilot Found Guilty (Piangil Victoria)

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Spray drift pilot found guilty

7 March 2016

A licenced aerial spraying pilot has been found guilty in the Swan Hill Magistrates’ Court of causing chemical spray to drift onto a neighbouring crop.

In June 2014 the pilot sprayed a selective herbicide onto a canola crop at Piangil, which subsequently drifted onto a neighbour’s wheat crop.

Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources (DEDJTR) Leading Chemical Standards Officer Alex Perera said the damage caused by the spray drift was significant.

“About 40 hectares (100 acres) of the wheat crop was affected by the pilot’s actions,” Mr Perera said.

“It’s important that all chemical users, whether they’re using ground based or aerial equipment, take appropriate steps to minimise the risk of spray drift,” he said.

“Pilots should make every effort to ensure maps provided by their clients include the location of any sensitive crops or sites in the surrounding area.”

Causing spray drift damage to plants of economic value is an offence under the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Control of Use) Act 1992.

The pilot received a 12-month good behaviour bond, and was ordered to donate $3,000 to the Swan Hill CFA.

For more information on spray drift management, including DEDJTR’s Top 10 Spraying please contact the Customer Service Centre on 136186 or go to www.agriculture.vic.gov.au/chemicaluse.

2018 April: Australian Barley Banned in Japan. Pesticide: Azoxystrobin

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Japan partially bans Australian barley over excessive pesticide levels (April 3 2018)

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-03/japan-partially-bans-australian-barley-over-pesticide-levels/9614952

The Japanese Government has banned some imports of Australian barley after pesticides five times the normal limit were detected.

Key points:

  • High levels of the pesticide azoxystrobin were detected
  • The shipment came from ITOCHU Corporation
  • Authorities said azoxystrobin had been used as a fungicide for grains, fruit and vegetables around the world and was safe

Hundreds of thousands of cereal products containing the barley are now being recalled.

The pesticide azoxystrobin was detected in a shipment of Australian barley from ITOCHU Corporation that arrived in August.

The Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food is now investigating and analysing all shipments of Australian barley.

Almost half of the 85 tonne export has already been used in food products and most likely already eaten, but ITOCHU said the quantity and concentration of pesticides detected did not pose a health risk.

Nevertheless, food company Nissin Cisco has voluntarily recalled 315,000 of its cereal products.

The Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food has banned future shipments of barley from ITOCHU, but this will not impact exports which already have approval.

“ITOCHU says something possibly happened between harvesting and shipping, perhaps during the cleaning process, but they are still investigating,” the ministry’s Tetsuo Ushikusa told the ABC.

“It’s very unlikely that it suddenly appeared in the fields.”

“In the last 14-15 years, azoxystrobin has never been detected from Australian imports — not even a tiny amount.”

The Japanese Government has given ITOCHU until April 27 to provide the results of its investigation.

The ministry said azoxystrobin had been used as a fungicide for grains, fruit and vegetables around the world and was safe.

In a statement, ITOCHU apologised and said it was working hard to make sure it never happened again.

Australian barley scare widens as Japanese company recalls 132,000 yoghurt bowls

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-04/australian-barley-pesticide-scare-widens-across-japan/9618544

Kyoto-based Japan Luna has announced the voluntary recall of 132,000 yoghurt bowls containing cereal from the suspect batch.

On Tuesday, Nissin Cisco recalled 315,000 of its cereal products.

A shipment of Australian barley from ITOCHU Corporation in August last year was found to have residue of the pesticide azoxystrobin well above normal levels.

The Japanese Government has banned imports of barley from ITOCHU, and all shipments of the Australian grain are now being closely inspected and analysed.

The import ban will not impact exports which already have approval.

ITOCHU to conduct thorough investigation

Almost half of the 85 tonne export with pesticide traces has already been used in food products and most likely already eaten, but ITOCHU said the quantity and concentration of the susbstance detected did not pose a health risk.

The Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food said it had given ITOCHU until April 27 to conduct a thorough investigation to find out what happened and how the batch had become tainted.

“ITOCHU says something possibly happened between harvesting and shipping, perhaps during the cleaning process, but they are still investigating,” the ministry’s Tetsuo Ushikusa told the ABC.

“It’s very unlikely that it suddenly appeared in the fields.

“In the last 14-15 years, azoxystrobin has never been detected from Australian imports — not even a tiny amount.”

In a statement, ITOCHU apologised and said it was working hard to make sure it never happened again.

2014-15: Moura Water Treatment Plant (Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Dicofol, Endosulfan (Total), Endosulfan (Lactose), Endrin, Hexazinone, Metolachlor, Simazine, Tebuthiuron

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Moura – Water Treatment Plant

Banana Shire Drinking Water Quality Management Plan 2014/15

Quarterly Regulator Report Jul-Sep 2014

Atrazine, 0.05ug/L, Hexazinone 0.02ug/L, Metolachlor 0.04ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.05ug/L

Quarterly Regulator Report Jan-Mar 2015

Atrazine 0.03ug/L, Hexazinone 0.04ug/L, Simazine 0.03ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.27ug/L

Quarterly Regulator Report Apr-Jun 2015

Atrazine, 0.3ug/L, Dicofol 1.5ug/L, Endosulfan (Total) 0.6ug/L, Endosulfan (Lactose) 0.5ug/L, Endrin 0.2ug/L, Metolachlor 0.1ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.2ug/L [also detected 1H-Benzotriazole 0.7ug/L a heterocyclic compound].

2014-15: Moura – Dawson River (Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Endosulfan (Total), Endosulfan (Lactose), Hexazinone, Metoloachlor, Tebuthiuron, Terbuthylazine

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Moura – Dawson River

Banana Shire Drinking Water Quality Management Plan 2014/15

Quarterly Regulator Report Jul-Sep 2014

Atrazine, 0.06ug/L, Hexazinone 0.02ug/L, Metolachlor 0.04ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.05ug/L

Quarterly Regulator Report Jan-Mar 2015

Endosulfan (Total) 1.2ug/L, Hexazinone 0.03ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.49ug/L

Quarterly Regulator Report Apr-Jun 2015

Atrazine, 0.3ug/L, Endosulfan (Total) 0.6ug/L, Endosulfan (Lactose) 0.5ug/L, Metolachlor 0.1ug/L, Terbuthylazine 0.2ug/L

2014-15: Dawson River (SW) (Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Chlordane, DEET, Desethyl Atrazine, Dicofol, Diuron, Hexazinone, Metolachlor, Tebuthiuron

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Dawson River SW

Banana Shire Drinking Water Quality Management Plan 2014/15

Quarterly Regulator Report Jul-Sep 2014

Atrazine, 0.1ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.03ug/L, Metolachlor 0.12ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.1ug/L

Quarterly Regulator Report Oct-Dec 2014

Atrazine, 0.11ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.03ug/L, Diuron 0.02ug/L, Hexazinone 0.03ug/L, Metolachlor 0.13ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.13ug/L

Quarterly Regulator Report Jan-Mar 2015

Chlordane, 0.4ug/L, DEET 1.7ug/L, Dicofol 2.9ug/L [also detected Moclobemide  1.9ug/L a mental health drug]

Quarterly Regulator Report Apr-Jun 2015

Atrazine, 0.32ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.06ug/L, Metolachlor 0.89ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.13ug/L

2014-15: Baralaba WTP (Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Desethyl Atrazine, Dicofol, Hexazinone, Metolachlor, Tebuthiuron,

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Baralaba WTP

Banana Shire Drinking Water Quality Management Plan 2014/15

Quarterly Regulator Report Jul-Sep 2014

Atrazine, 0.1ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.3ug/L, Metolachlor 0.12ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.11ug/L

Quarterly Regulator Report Oct-Dec 2014

Atrazine, 0.1ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.03ug/L, Hexazinone 0.03ug/L, Metolachlor 0.13ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.13ug/L

Quarterly Regulator Report Jan-Mar 2015

Atrazine, 0.34ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.04ug/L, Dicofol 2.9ug/L, Hexazinone 0.03ug/L, Metolachlor 0.1ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.37ug/L

Quarterly Regulator Report Apr-Jun 2015

Atrazine, 0.37ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.05ug/L, Metolachlor 0.91ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.13ug/L

2018 April: Tests Reveal Poison Risk in Backyard Chook Pens. Pesticides: Dieldrin, DDT, Aldrin

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Tests reveal poison risk in backyard chook pens

PerthNow

URBAN chook owners are being warned of the risk of eating their pets’ eggs after tests revealed toxic pesticides banned in the 1980s are still lurking in backyard soils.

A Perth laboratory that does soil and egg tests for residents said dieldrin and other banned pesticides were still found in dangerously high levels throughout the metropolitan area.

ARL Group tested soil from the Hilton home of Frank Mofflin and his wife and three young daughters, who keep six chickens. It showed dieldrin levels of 0.14 parts per million (ppm), which was 2.33 times the safe level recommended by Department of Agriculture and Food WA.

Dieldrin is an organochlorine pesticide (OCP) which takes decades to degrade and has been linked to diseases including breast cancer and early onset Parkinson’s disease.

OCP chemicals accumulate in fatty tissues in humans and animals such as chooks, which transfer the toxins to their eggs. Dieldrin and other OCPs started to be banned in Australia in the 1980s.

ARL laboratory manager Douglas Todd said up to 40 per cent of eggs tested at the laboratory recorded “above allowable levels” of dieldrin and other banned pesticides such as DDT and aldrin.

“If I had backyard chickens I would definitely be getting tests done because I’ve seen enough tests with above-allowable levels that I would be cautious about eating any (backyard) eggs,” Mr Todd said.

DAFWA’s website highlights health risks from banned pesticides. It recommends “poultry do not have access to soils with OC levels of 0.06 ppm or above as chickens can easily consume soil when feeding”.

A map showing where OCPs were used during the Argentine ant eradication program in the 1970s covers a big swathe of Perth, stretching north to Balcatta, east to Midland, west to Fremantle and as far south as Armadale.

Pockets of regional towns, including Albany, Busselton, Bunbury, Harvey, Mandurah and Two Rocks are also listed.

“There may be areas (in Perth) that were treated by private contractors and these are not listed,” the website states.

“The map is only a guide to whether poultry may have a higher residue risk via soil ingestion in treated areas.

“If you run free-range chickens for either commercial or domestic consumption, you should be aware of the possibility of OC contamination.

“Anyone who runs or intends to run free range chickens in any area of WA that was developed before 1987 when OCs were banned should arrange testing of the soil where the chicken coop is sited and where the chickens will be allowed to roam.”

Mr Mofflin, 40, said when his family moved in last August they “adopted” the chooks from the former owner.

“We thought it was great to have the chooks and we were getting about five eggs a day,” Mr Mofflin said.

But after friends warned them, the couple organised getting the soil tested.

“As soon we got the test results, I said, ‘Right, that’s it, we’re not eating any more eggs’. So now we just smash them and we’ll leave the chooks to live out their days in our yard,” he said.

Agriculture Minister Alannah MacTiernan said while it was encouraging to see an increasing number of people becoming urban chook owners, they needed to be aware of the risks.

“We want to encourage as many urban people as possible to be engaged with their food and food source,” Ms MacTiernan said.

“I think there’s incredible benefits for people growing their own food and being connected to where your food is from.

“But there’s no doubt there was a lot of these pesticides spread around previously.”

“I wouldn’t say to people to give up their chooks but we encourage people to have tests done,” she said.

“There is some risk that areas have higher than acceptable residual pesticide levels, but we believe this is a vast minority of properties.

“Residual pesticides in backyard soils are not often above recommended levels, but if landholders are concerned, the ChemCentre and private labs can provide soil testing services and Local Government Environmental Health Officers or WA Health’s Environmental Health Directorate can assist with interpretation of results.

“We want to encourage people to be better informed about both the benefits and potential risks of growing their own food.”

“I have discussed this matter with Perth NRM (Natural Resource Management) who have agreed to develop a project as part of their Food Future initiative to ensure generations to come have access to safe, healthy and local fresh food.”

2015/17: Warra Water Treatment Plant (Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Desethyl Atrazine, Deisosopropyl Atrazine, Diuron, Metolachlor, Simazine, Tebuthiuron

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2015-17: Warra Water Treatment Plant (Warra)

Atrazine 0.17ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.18ug/L, Deisosopropyl Atrazine 0.05ug/L, Diuron 0.02ug/L, Metolachlor 0.28ug/L, Simazine 0.03ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.06ug/L

2015-16 Western Downs Regional Council Drinking Water Quality Management Plan

Atrazine 0.12ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.08ug/L, Metolachlor 0.11ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.03ug/L

2016-17 Western Downs Regional Council Drinking Water Quality Management Plan

2015/17: Jandowae Water Treatment Plant (Queensland) – Pesticides: Atrazine, Desethyl Atrazine, Desisopropyl Atrazine, Metolachlor, Tebuthiuron

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2015-17: Jandowae Water Treatment Plant (Jandowae)

Maximum detections only

Atrazine 0.11ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.05ug/L, Metolachlor 0.2ug/L

2015-16 Western Downs Regional Council Drinking Water Quality Management Plan

Atrazine 1.8ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.05ug/L, Desisopropyl Atrazine 0.08ug/L, Metolachlor 1.7ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.08ug/L

2016-17 Western Downs Regional Council Drinking Water Quality Management Plan

2015/17: Condamine Water Treatment Plant (Qld). Pesticides: Atrazine, Desethyl Atrazine, DEET, Metoloachlor, Simazine, Tebuthiuron

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2015-17: Condamine Water Treatment Plant (Condamine)

Atrazine 0.09ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.03ug/L, DEET 0.02ug/L, Metolachlor 0.16ug/L, Simazine 0.02ug/L

2015-16 Western Downs Regional Council Drinking Water Quality Management Plan

Atrazine 0.11ug/L, Metolachlor 1.3ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.09ug/L

2016-17 Western Downs Regional Council Drinking Water Quality Management Plan

2015/17: Chinchilla Water Treatment Plant (Qld). Pesticides: Atrazine, Desethyl Atrazine, Desisopropyl Atrazine, Diuron, Metolachlor, Simazine, Tebuthiuron, Terbuthylazine

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2015-17: Chinchilla Water Treatment Plant (Chinchilla)

Atrazine 0.07ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.03ug/L, Metolachlor 0.11ug/L, Simazine 0.02ug/L

2015-16 Western Downs Regional Council Drinking Water Quality Management Plan

Atrazine 1.2ug/L, Desethyl Atrazine 0.13ug/L, Desisopropyl Atrazine 0.06ug/L,Diuron 0.02ug/L, Metolachlor 3.9ug/L, Simazine 0.05ug/L, Tebuthiuron 0.04ug/L, Terbuthylazine 0.2ug/L

2016-17 Western Downs Regional Council Drinking Water Quality Management Plan

2014/17: Home Hill Water Tower Drinking Water (Queensland). Pesticide: Desethyl Atrazine

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Home Hill Water Tower – Queensland

2014/15: Desethyl Atrazine 0.15ug/L (max), 0.076ug/L (av)

2015/16: Desethyl Atrazine 0.04ug/L (max), 0.035ug/L (av)

2016/17: Desethyl Atrazine 0.05ug/L (max), 0.043ug/L (av)

Source: Burdekin Shire Drinking Water Quality Management Plans 2014/15, 2015/16, 2016/17

2014/16: Giru/Cungulla Drinking Water (Queensland). Pesticides: Atrazine, Desethylatrazine, Hexazinone, Metolachlor, Diuron, Imidacloprid

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Giru/Cungulla (Queensland) Drinking Water 2014/16

2014/15:

Atrazine: 1.1ug/L (max), 0.4ug/L (av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.12ug/L (max), 0.063ug/L (av)

Hexazinone: 0.07ug/L (max), 0.055ug/L (av)

Metolachlor: 0.06ug/L (max), 0.05ug/L (av)

2015/16:

Atrazine: 1.3ug/L (max), 0.463ug/L (av)

Desethylatrazine: 0.06ug/L (max), 0.055ug/L (av)

Diuron: 0.04ug/L (max), 0.04ug/L (av)

Metolachlor 0.07ug/L (max), 0.07ug/L (av)

2016/17

Desethylatrazine: 0.15ug/L (max), 0.125ug/L (av)

Imidacloprid: 0.12ug/L (max), 0.1ug/L (av)

Source: Burdekin Shire Drinking Water Quality Management Plans 2014/15, 2015/16, 2016/17

 

 

2009/16: Ayr/Brandon Drinking Water (Queensland): Atrazine, Metolachlor, DEET

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Ayr/Brandon Drinking Water

2014/15: Ayr/Brandon Metolachlor: 0.4ug/L (max), 0.4ug/L (average)

2015/16: Ayr/Brandon DEET: 0.2ug/L (max), 0.2ug/L (average)

Source: Drinking Water Quality Management Plans 2014-15, 2015-16

Herbicide in drinking water ‘safe’

The Burdekin Shire Council says it does have traces of the farm chemical Atrazine in its town water supply, but well below safe drinking guidelines.

The Australian Centre for Tropical Freshwater Research (ACTFR) says Atrazine has been found in large quantities in north Queensland rivers and poses a public health risk because it has polluted town water supplies.

The chemical is used by cane farmers to control weeds and is also a known carcinogen.

Burdekin Mayor Lyn McLaughlin says the town water supply is tested at least once a year and the levels are a fraction of those set down under the Australian guidelines for drinking water.

She says one of the main roles of local government is to provide a safe water supply.

“Not only are we below the drinking water guidelines, we’re also well below the Australian health guidelines for chemical in the water,” she said.

“I think people in the district can feel very safe about what they’re drinking.

“This is only one of the chemicals that we check for – there’s a long list of things that are checked under the health services.”

‘Significant threat’

ACTFR scientist Jon Brodie says he believes Atrazine in drinking water poses a significant threat to human health, while Tasmanian Greens’ MP Tim Morris says the campaign against Atrazine has been going on for many years in that state.

Mr Morris says no-one has successfully stopped that category of chemicals from finding their way into water supplies.

“Given the evidence that’s in against triazine chemicals, we’re continuing to call for a ban on the use of triazines in Tasmania,” he said.

“There are other alternatives that are less toxic.”

‘No trace’

Meanwhile, Cassowary Coast Mayor Bill Shannon says residents can rest assured there is no trace of Atrazine in the region’s water supply.

He says the council tests Innisfail’s water supply every month and no Atrazine has been detected in recent years.

“Of course it only would be an issue in intakes that are in the middle of agricultural areas and that does include Innisfail,” councillor Shannon said.

“The inputs for water elsewhere in the Cassowary coast region – for example Tully and the beaches – those intakes are in the world heritage area where there’s no chance of any agricultural run-off.”

2018 March (Queensland) Pesticides Killing Prawn Larvae in Early Warning for $80m Industry. Pesticides: Bifenthrin, Fipronil, Imidacloprid,

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Pesticides killing prawn larvae in early warning for $80m industry

Pesticides from farms and cane fields washing into Queensland’s six main river systems could severely damage the state’s $80 million prawn industry, according to CSIRO research.

Pesticide run-off from farms was affecting crustaceans’ nervous systems and, in Bribie Island laboratory tests from 2017, tiger prawn larvae exposed to the level of pesticides found in the waterways would die.

Adult prawns, subjected to rigorous testing, showed no evidence of pesticide contamination.

The research also found that if subsequent field tests backed up the CSIRO’s findings, there could be a major impact on Queensland’s multimillion-dollar prawn industry and Australia’s $1 billion aquaculture industry.

The report, The impacts of modern-use pesticides on shrimp aquaculture; an assessment for north eastern Australia, was published in the February 2018 edition of the journal Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

CSIRO lead researcher Dr Sharon Hook said there was “one piece of evidence” that pesticides  from farms were affecting crustaceans.

Dr Hook said the 2017 research must now be tested on larvae in the rivers where pesticide levels varied with stream flow.

“It seems to be preventing them from eating,” Dr Hook said.

“[Pesticides] are near the concentrations where they are just not able to catch live prey.

“But these lab studies were done in a beaker and we haven’t yet had the opportunity to test this in the real world.

“Scientists are a cautious breed. This is one piece of evidence and we would like to have a weight of evidence before we can say we have a cause and effect.”

Professor Jon Brodie, the chief scientist from James Cook University’s Catchment to Reef Processes research group, said the preliminary research was valuable.

“It again shows that we have pesticides above guideline levels in Queensland streams and particularly near the Great Barrier Reef where I work,” he said.

“That in itself is not news.

“But what this shows is that these sorts of levels can hurt prawns.”

More than 95 per cent of Australia’s prawn industry is in Queensland as prawns prefer water temperatures above 25 degrees.

Australian Prawn Farmers Association president Matt West said the CSIRO research showed pesticides were killing prawn larvae.

“I guess it’s the early stages of alarm bells, if you like, based on the results they have done in a lab,” Mr West said.

“What we are talking about is pesticides in estuaries in run-off from agricultural farms, which appears to be elevating.

“So we are getting mortality with our larvae stages.”

Mr West insisted rigorous annual tests with Queensland’s Department of Agriculture showed no pesticides at all in adult prawns.

“So there is no effect on human health in consuming these animals,” Mr West said.

Fisheries expert Dr Matt Landos said the situation was a “canary in the coal mine situation” for Australia’s prawn and crustacean industry.

“What they found was that at the low levels of these chemicals, in fact at staggering low levels, the prawns stopped eating,” he said.

“We now have the science.”

The CSIRO scientists investigated the impact of three common pesticides – bifenthrin, fipronil and imidacloprid – that they discovered in rivers near Mackay and Logan.

The scientists said all pesticide levels in Queensland’s coastal rivers were increasing as farms shifted from older-style organophosphate pesticides to modern neonicotinoid pesticides, following world trends.

CSIRO research shows increasing proportions of pesticides in Queensland streams, though not all to dangerous levels.

CSIRO research shows increasing proportions of pesticides in Queensland streams, though not all to dangerous levels.

Photo: CSIRO

Neonicotinoid pesticides influence receptors in the brains of sucking and chewing insects.

They make up more than 24 per cent of the world’s pesticides and were linked to honey-bee deaths in the United States in the early 2000s.

They are now widely used on Queensland’s cane farms and fruit and vegetable farms, and to control pests.

The CSIRO report found the pesticides had low toxicity to birds and mammals, but higher toxicity to fish and arthropods.

The team of scientists tested the “lethal toxicity” of the pesticides on baby black tiger prawns and found that: “Each of these insecticides was among pesticides detected in some samples collected from shrimp farm intake waters, and at concentrations approaching those that would either impact survival (fipronil) or their feeding rates (bifenthrin and imidacloprid).”

Dr Hook said Queensland’s Department of Environment and Science had decided recently to upgrade water quality guidelines on pesticides, however that could not be confirmed.

A spokesman for Queensland’s Department of Agriculture and Fisheries said the CSIRO research had yet to be evaluated.

“As yet we cannot confirm the accuracy of CSIRO’s conclusions,” the spokesman said.

The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority described the CSIRO study as an “initial limited study” only.

“The APVMA will continue to monitor and consider any further scientific work on this issue,” a spokesman said.

The APVMA said a review of fipronil began in 2011 because of environmental concerns, while a review of bifenthrin was completed 10 years ago and imidacloprid had never been reviewed.

2018 February: Riverland (South Australia) – Spray Drift. Pesticide: 2,4-D

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Spray drift towards SA vineyards prompts calls for crackdown on crop spraying ‘recklessness’

Feb 28 2018

A regional South Australian wine body is calling for officials to crack down on weed spraying “recklessness”, or banning products, amid a spike in reports of chemical damage due to spray drift.

Biosecurity SA has confirmed a number of cases of spray drift in two of the state’s most prominent wine regions, with five reported cases in the Riverland between mid-January to mid-February, and eight in the Clare Valley.

Spray drift can see chemical particles travel away from its intended target site in certain weather, with some conditions, such as inversions, pushing spray drift up to 70 kilometres.

Such herbicide drift has recently caused headaches for farmers across the country, including damage to cotton crops worth tens of millions of dollars in New South Wales last Christmas.

Executive chairman of Riverland Wine, Chris Byrne, said it was frustrating to see the actions of few impacting upon so many.

“What has been occurring this year seems to have been the result of some carelessness or maybe even just some recklessness,” Mr Byrne said.

“I guess our view here at Riverland Wine is that probably 95 per cent of all users or more are being very careful, diligent or using an alternative product.

“But there are some who do not seem to understand that what they are doing … is causing harm and damage.”

A Riverland wine grape grower, who requested to remain anonymous, told the ABC their patch of young vines was subject to chemical damage from off-target spray drift last year.

“We just noticed all of a sudden that the vines just stopped growing and all the leaves were deformed,” they said.

“We got a few people out to look at it, and they said it was 2,4-D.”

They said with the significant risks posed to wine grape crops, the chemical in question needed to be taken off shelves.

“You go get hail or frost or anything like that and it’s mother nature, that’s part of being on the land,” they said.

“When it is actually caused by someone else and could have been avoided, it gets really annoying.

“If the farmers or whoever is doing it does the right thing then it should not be an issue, but I do not know if there is any way of policing that or stopping that.

A call for more to be done

South Australia’s primary industries body said offences carried a maximum penalty of $35,000, with Biosecurity SA successfully prosecuting an SA farmer of three offences last year.

Riverland Wine’s Chris Byrne said he had written to the state minister in a call for more direct action, with suggestions including a greater focus on auditing spray diaries.

However, he said if no improvements were seen, restricting access to certain sprays and herbicides, like 2,4-D, may be the final avenue left.

“It’s time for a little bit more policing of the situation and, if that does not work, it is probably time to say ‘Look, these products need to be withdrawn from sale or use for certain times of the year,” Mr Byrne said.

“That is a fairly harsh move … we are hopeful we can avoid it because of the fact there are lots of good producers who are compliant.”

In a statement made to the ABC, the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) said it was “aware of incidents involving drift of 2,4-D and will continue to consider information regarding industry uses and the continued safety and effectiveness of 2,4-D, with state authorities and industry, as part of the chemical review process”.

Biosecurity SA has been contacted by the ABC for a response.

Education, not chemical bans, the key

Grain growers in South Australia have voiced similar frustration at the small percentage of farmers not abiding by regulations, but said restrictions or bans on sprays was not the answer.

Chairman of Grain Producers SA, Wade Dabinett, said continual education was a vital cog in the process.

“I think there has been plenty of research done out there, so it’s just matter of educating and extending that to our existing members,” Mr Dabinett said.

“This is something the industry has to self-regulate; I would not want to see chemicals banned or further regulation.

Mr Dabinett also welcomed government funding to improve real-time weather data for combatting spray drift, with a pilot network of 40 weather stations across South Australia set to kick-off.

“While we need to have a focus on education, providing our members with far greater information in terms of weather and an alerts system is going to allow us to make better decisions,” he said.

“I think it is a fantastic initiative, and hopefully we will see it rolled out across the state.”

2018 February: Spray Drift Clare Valley (South Australia) – Pesticide: 2,4-D

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Spray drift towards SA vineyards prompts calls for crackdown on crop spraying ‘recklessness’

Feb 28 2018

A regional South Australian wine body is calling for officials to crack down on weed spraying “recklessness”, or banning products, amid a spike in reports of chemical damage due to spray drift.

Biosecurity SA has confirmed a number of cases of spray drift in two of the state’s most prominent wine regions, with five reported cases in the Riverland between mid-January to mid-February, and eight in the Clare Valley.

Spray drift can see chemical particles travel away from its intended target site in certain weather, with some conditions, such as inversions, pushing spray drift up to 70 kilometres.

Such herbicide drift has recently caused headaches for farmers across the country, including damage to cotton crops worth tens of millions of dollars in New South Wales last Christmas.

Executive chairman of Riverland Wine, Chris Byrne, said it was frustrating to see the actions of few impacting upon so many.

“What has been occurring this year seems to have been the result of some carelessness or maybe even just some recklessness,” Mr Byrne said.

“I guess our view here at Riverland Wine is that probably 95 per cent of all users or more are being very careful, diligent or using an alternative product.

“But there are some who do not seem to understand that what they are doing … is causing harm and damage.”

A Riverland wine grape grower, who requested to remain anonymous, told the ABC their patch of young vines was subject to chemical damage from off-target spray drift last year.

“We just noticed all of a sudden that the vines just stopped growing and all the leaves were deformed,” they said.

“We got a few people out to look at it, and they said it was 2,4-D.”

They said with the significant risks posed to wine grape crops, the chemical in question needed to be taken off shelves.

“You go get hail or frost or anything like that and it’s mother nature, that’s part of being on the land,” they said.

“When it is actually caused by someone else and could have been avoided, it gets really annoying.

“If the farmers or whoever is doing it does the right thing then it should not be an issue, but I do not know if there is any way of policing that or stopping that.

A call for more to be done

South Australia’s primary industries body said offences carried a maximum penalty of $35,000, with Biosecurity SA successfully prosecuting an SA farmer of three offences last year.

Riverland Wine’s Chris Byrne said he had written to the state minister in a call for more direct action, with suggestions including a greater focus on auditing spray diaries.

However, he said if no improvements were seen, restricting access to certain sprays and herbicides, like 2,4-D, may be the final avenue left.

“It’s time for a little bit more policing of the situation and, if that does not work, it is probably time to say ‘Look, these products need to be withdrawn from sale or use for certain times of the year,” Mr Byrne said.

“That is a fairly harsh move … we are hopeful we can avoid it because of the fact there are lots of good producers who are compliant.”

In a statement made to the ABC, the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) said it was “aware of incidents involving drift of 2,4-D and will continue to consider information regarding industry uses and the continued safety and effectiveness of 2,4-D, with state authorities and industry, as part of the chemical review process”.

Biosecurity SA has been contacted by the ABC for a response.

Education, not chemical bans, the key

Grain growers in South Australia have voiced similar frustration at the small percentage of farmers not abiding by regulations, but said restrictions or bans on sprays was not the answer.

Chairman of Grain Producers SA, Wade Dabinett, said continual education was a vital cog in the process.

“I think there has been plenty of research done out there, so it’s just matter of educating and extending that to our existing members,” Mr Dabinett said.

“This is something the industry has to self-regulate; I would not want to see chemicals banned or further regulation.

Mr Dabinett also welcomed government funding to improve real-time weather data for combatting spray drift, with a pilot network of 40 weather stations across South Australia set to kick-off.

“While we need to have a focus on education, providing our members with far greater information in terms of weather and an alerts system is going to allow us to make better decisions,” he said.

“I think it is a fantastic initiative, and hopefully we will see it rolled out across the state.”

2017 April: Naaracoorte (South Australia) – Spray Drift

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Biosecurity SA investigating spray drift damage in the Riverland and Mid North

Wednesday 14 February 2018

Reports of chemical damage to grape vines caused by spray drift are being investigated by PIRSA Biosecurity SA in both the Clare Valley and Riverland.

Off-target damage to grapevines has been an ongoing issue in viticultural and horticultural areas adjacent to broad acre cropping across Australia over the last decade with the move away from cultivation and towards herbicides for summer weed control,

Certain weather conditions, such as inversions, can result in spray drift damage tens of kilometres from the application site, so producers must consider that sensitive crops may be located some distance away when planning a spray operation.

PIRSA through Biosecurity SA takes this issue very seriously. While investigations can be time consuming and spray drift origins difficult to trace due to rapidly changing weather conditions, Biosecurity SA will pursue all reports of anyone who has either deliberately or negligently caused damage to others by not following regulatory requirements. If caught offences can carry a maximum penalty of $35,000.

In April 2017 Biosecurity SA successfully prosecuted a Naracoorte farmer, who was found guilty of three charges in relation to the spray drift of herbicides and fined $15,000.

February 2018: Riverlands (South Australia) – Spray Drift. Pesticide: 2,4-D

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Biosecurity SA investigating spray drift damage in the Riverland and Mid North

Wednesday 14 February 2018

Reports of chemical damage to grape vines caused by spray drift are being investigated by PIRSA Biosecurity SA in both the Clare Valley and Riverland.

Off-target damage to grapevines has been an ongoing issue in viticultural and horticultural areas adjacent to broad acre cropping across Australia over the last decade with the move away from cultivation and towards herbicides for summer weed control,

Certain weather conditions, such as inversions, can result in spray drift damage tens of kilometres from the application site, so producers must consider that sensitive crops may be located some distance away when planning a spray operation.

PIRSA through Biosecurity SA takes this issue very seriously. While investigations can be time consuming and spray drift origins difficult to trace due to rapidly changing weather conditions, Biosecurity SA will pursue all reports of anyone who has either deliberately or negligently caused damage to others by not following regulatory requirements. If caught offences can carry a maximum penalty of $35,000.

In April 2017 Biosecurity SA successfully prosecuted a Naracoorte farmer, who was found guilty of three charges in relation to the spray drift of herbicides and fined $15,000.

Anyone who suspects spray drift damage is encouraged to call the Chemical Trespass Hotline on 1300 799 684 to report it.

2018 February: 50,000 Bees Poisoned (Paddington NSW)

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Beekeepers and residents frustrated after council poisons up to 50,000 bees (Feb 9 2018)

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-02-09/beehive-poisoned.-by-council-paddington-sydney-residents-fuming/9411092?sf181677529=1

Residents and beekeeping authorities are frustrated after a local council sprayed an urban nest with poison, killing tens of thousands of bees, in the Sydney suburb of Paddington.

Key points:

  • Local resident found dead bees beneath nest, across road
  • Council says it called pest control after a resident complained about the nest
  • Council says it was focused on minimising harm and responding to residents’ requests

Doug Purdie from The Urban Beehive said the nest — which is commonly referred to as a hive — was substantial and up to 50,000 European honey bees would have been killed in the process.

“There’s plenty of people who remove beehives so I’m not sure why the council felt the need to spray it,” he said.

Mr Purdie said local beekeeping authorities will often remove nests and relocate them for free.

“It’s just frustrating that they chose to poison it instead.” he said.

He said nests are usually removed if they are situated in problematic areas, such as near preschools.

However, Mr Purdie said poisoning a nest should be a last resort if it cannot be relocated.

The nest was situated on Glen Street, along a walkway near residential properties.

Local resident Heather Simington was shocked to find thousands of dead bees beneath the nest and across the road.

“I couldn’t believe it. I was speechless,” Ms Simington said.

“The coverage was probably a metre long and half a metre wide and 3 centimetres deep. And that’s just counting the ones under the tree.”

A spokesperson from Woollahra Municipal Council said they called pest control after a resident complained about the nest.

“We had a request to attend the hive from residents who were concerned about the bees,” the spokesperson said.

2018 January: Spray Drift Kills Cotton. Pesticide: 2,4-D

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The Courier 11/1/18 (Narrabri)

Bid to prevent spray drift in future

“We had a good discussion about how to manage the crop from now and more so how we can try and prevent it happening again.”

The late spring and summer rain might have been a blessing to cotton growers counting the cost of a lack of it earlier this year, but it has also turned out to be a curse for some.

About 6000 hectares of cotton in an area from Burren Junction to Rowena and across to Walgett has been lost due to damage from off-target spray drift around Christmas Day.

Most of the major damage has occurred on 12 properties, with some growers facing complete crop loss. Other growers have areas of cotton showing the symptoms of spray damage.

It is a devastating blow following the failure of the winter harvest and a cotton season that promised so much with rain falling at the right time.

But it is a problem that rears its head in those conditions, as the rain is also an opportunity for other farmers to use 2,4-D herbicide to control fallow weeds.

To that end, about 50 local farmers and agronomists attended an emergency meeting called by the Walgett Cotton Growers’ Association in Walgett last Thursday night.

Association vice chairman Bernie Bierhoff said nearly every dryland farmer was represented, either in person or by their agronomist.

“We had a good discussion about how to manage the crop from now and more so how we can try and prevent it happening again,” he said.

2017 December: Spray Drift Damages 6000 hectares of NSW cotton on Christmas Day. Pesticide: 2,4-D

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Spray drift damages 6,000 hectares of NSW cotton on Christmas Day

http://www.abc.net.au/news/rural/2018-01-04/spray-drift-damages-6,000-hectares-of-cotton-northern-nsw/9303354
NSW Country Hour

Cotton crops worth tens of millions of dollars in north-west New South Wales have been damaged by spray drift.

Growers have called an emergency meeting to discuss the impact and how to deal with it.

Vice chair of the Walgett Cotton Growers’ Association, Bernie Bierhoff, said about 6,000 hectares on more than a dozen farms are showing signs of damage from an incident on Christmas Day.

The affected area covers about 100 square kilometres around Burren Junction, Rowena and Walgett.

Mr Bierhoff said he was also getting reports of damage in other cotton regions further east and closer to Moree, such as Wee Waa and Bellata.

Spray drift is caused by chemicals being applied in windy conditions and in this case it is thought they may have drifted as far as 70 kilometres away.

Drift from the Phenoxy herbicide (using the active ingredient 2,4-D) has been an ongoing concern for cotton growers dating back to the 1970s.

The rising cost of alternative weed controls such as glyphosate has meant more farmers used phenoxy herbicides, which can devastate a cotton crop even in tiny amounts.

Adam Kay from Cotton Australia is frustrated by this latest incident.

“It is disappointing that a couple of broadacre farmers have not followed the proper advice or attention to detail when spraying out weeds and it has devastated quite a number of cotton crops,” he said.

Bernie Bierhoff said the situation was made more difficult because cotton farmers in the region have been dealing with dry conditions and some will have locked in contracts to deliver at the end of the season.

“Spray drift damage is a terrible blow for the affected cotton growers, who are already struggling with limited access to water for irrigation this season,” Mr Bierhoff said.

“Although the drift has caused varying degrees of severity, some growers believe they are facing complete crop loss, which would simply be devastating for them.”

Insurance is not common for cotton growers, but some may be able to plough in the damaged cotton and plant something else while others may find their crops recover from the damage.

Mr Kay said the industry had spent a lot of money to educate other farmers about being careful when spraying to kill weeds in fallow fields.

He said he was disappointed that some people were not listening.

“We’ve spent a lot of money over the years with advertising, newspaper articles and running workshops on spray application but we still see incidents like this with the phenoxy herbicide.”

2017 August: Paraquat Poisoning (Mangrove Mountain NSW) Pesticide: Paraquat

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Accidental poisoning of NSW Central Coast man leads to calls for ban on toxic herbicide

December 11 2017. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-12-11/near-fatal-poisoning-central-coast-man-paraquat-ban/9242454

The near-fatal poisoning of a NSW Central Coast man with severe autism who drank a cocktail of highly toxic herbicides left in an unmarked drink bottle has sparked fresh calls for a nationwide ban on Paraquat.

Damien Terry’s survival, after accidentally drinking a combination of the commercial weed killers Paraquat and Diquat, has been described as nothing less than “miraculous”.

The 21-year-old and his carer were visiting a sports oval on Mangrove Mountain in August, when he suddenly started vomiting uncontrollably shortly after returning from the disabled toilet.

He had been poisoned after accidentally sipping the chemicals, which he found in an abandoned soft drink bottle.

Safety warnings displayed on all Paraquat products include that it must be labelled clearly and not placed in drinking containers.

Doctors at Gosford Hospital told his family to prepare for the worst.

“The doctors basically said to us that Damien probably had 12 hours to live,” said Mr Terry’s mother, Julie Terry.

“Their words were ‘nobody’ survives from ingesting Paraquat.

“Obviously you go into a state of shock. Damien looked quite well, although he was vomiting quite significantly, he looked well so it was hard to comprehend that he was as ill as he was.

“At that point … they just said he would have massive organ failure and I just asked them to keep him as comfortable as possible.”

Family speaking out after ordeal

After two agonising weeks in hospital not knowing whether Mr Terry would pull through, he is now on the road to recovery and his family wants to speak out about the dangers of Paraquat.

It is a highly effective weed killer commonly used by farmers across Australia but is also extremely toxic: it only takes a few sips to kill a person and has no antidote.

In 2015, a Queensland farmer died after the deadly herbicide accidentally sprayed into his mouth when he was filling a pressure back-pack pump spray.

Paraquat has caused thousands of deaths worldwide and is banned in more than 30 countries including China, Cambodia and across the European Union.

There is also a debate about its links to Parkinson’s disease.

The poison has been under review by regulator, the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority, since 1997 due to health and environmental concerns, with a final determination due next year.

The Terrys want a major crackdown on its use and availability but are ultimately seeking a nationwide ban.

“It defies logic in my mind that this is available over the counter for anybody to purchase,” Ms Terry said.

“Everybody knows these days that health and safety is a very common agenda for all of us in the workplace so I feel a bit disillusioned that the authorities didn’t keep an eye on that.”

Support for the campaign

The Terrys call is one that is strongly supported by the National Toxics Network.

“It beggars belief a pesticide of this toxicity would ever be used in a public facility, let alone decanted into a drinking bottle,” said environmental campaigner Jo Immig.

“What it really illustrates is the failure of risk management when it comes to highly dangerous pesticides.

“It’s been banned by 32 other countries and it’s high time the regulator put the needs of people and the planet first … it’s just a very highly toxic chemical that has no place in common use in Australia today.”

Newcastle University environmental contamination expert Professor Ravi Naidu has also questioned why the herbicide was anywhere near the sports ground.

“When Paraquat is applied, that time and at least for 20 days children should not be exposed at all. If they’re exposed then it poses risk,” Professor Naidu said.

He said a national ban on Paraquat would hurt the agriculture industry but agrees it should be more tightly regulated.

“I think the best way forward would be restrictive availability and therefore farmers must demonstrate they have a farm and a need for that and only the amount they need should be available.”

Investigation could take up to three years

A New South Wales Environment Protection Authority (EPA) investigation is underway into the poisoning, which could take up to three years.

An EPA spokeswoman said any pesticide misuse resulting in harm to human health is extremely serious.

She said the authority was looking at a range of offences under the pesticides legislation, with a maximum penalty of $60,000 for an individual and up to $120,000 for a corporation for each offence.

Central Coast Council has declined to comment while the incident is being investigated.

Four months on, the Terrys’ lives are returning to normal but they are determined make sure other families are spared the same trauma.

“[Damien’s] recovery has been miraculous — there’s no other word for it. He should be gone,” Ms Terry said.

2017 November: Magpies Poisoned (Coal Point NSW). Pesticides: Fenamiphos, Fenthion

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Coal Point consortium offers $5000 reward for information that leads to conviction of magpie poisoner

http://www.lakesmail.com.au/story/5037240/reward-offered-in-hunt-for-coal-point-magpie-killer/

A $5000 reward has been offered by a Coal Point “consortium” for information leading to a conviction of those responsible for killing 21 magpies at Coal Point with pesticide.

Coal Point Progress Association said the magpies were found dead on October 9 “around the perimeter of Coal Point School and Rofe Street”.

“The NSW Environment Protection Authority (EPA) is asking for the community’s help to catch a suspected bird killer,” a spokesperson for the association said.

“A local consortium is putting up a $5000 reward for information leading to a conviction.”

Laboratory analysis of one of the dead birds by the EPA revealed high concentrations of pesticides including fenamiphos and fenthion, both of which are not readily available to the public.

The EPA is also investigating the recent poisoning of birds at Budgewoi.

The EPA’s director for the Hunter region, Karen Marler, said community information could be the missing piece that helps solve the puzzle.

“Residents in Budgewoi and Warnervale will remember that this time last year, we had similar cases involving corella and magpie deaths. What’s worrying is that our lab analysis is telling us it’s the same pesticide, in the same location, along with a new location only 20km away.

“If you see anyone disposing of food or chemicals near open spaces such as ovals or parks, please call our 24/7 Environment Line on 131 555.”

Ms Marler also reminded locals to be vigilant with their pets.

“Residents of Budgewoi, Coal Point and Warnervale should keep a close eye on their pets,” she said.

“We know people have used food in the past to lure and kill birds. Please make sure your pets do not eat anything foreign when on their daily walks.”

It is an offence under the EPA’s legislation to use pesticides in a manner that harms non-target animals.

The maximum penalties for this are $120,000 for an individual.

It is also an offence to cause danger or harm to an animal by littering and maximum penalties are $3,300.

2011-2016? Darwin River Reservoir (NT). Pesticide: Dicamba

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“From 2011 until July 2016, only one sample tested for pesticides has returned a result above the level of detection of the test method. The measured value, 0.0015 mg/L for Dicamba at Darwin is still well below the 2011 ADWG limit of 0.1 mg/L.
Occasionally weed problems in reservoirs and catchments can only be managed effectively through the use of herbicides. Dicamba (Banvel, 3, 6-dichloro-2-methoxybenzoic acid) is a moderate to low toxicity herbicide used to control weeds and mimosa in the catchment of Darwin River Reservoir.
Dicamba is moderately persistent in soil and breaks down to very simple substances such as carbon dioxide and water. The reported half life of Dicamba in soil ranges from one to six weeks. This herbicide is applied two to three times a year as part of the mimosa control program.
Although monitored for several years, pesticides have rarely been detected in the Northern Territory water supplies despite limited use in some areas. In consideration of these results,
pesticide monitoring during 2011-16 was restricted to Darwin and Katherine water supplies. These supplies are considered potentially vulnerable to pesticide contamination due to agricultural activities close to production bores and surface water sources.”
Power and Water Corporation – Water Quality Report 2016
https://www.powerwater.com.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/146237/Water_Quality_Report_2016.PDF

1982 March – Marysville (Vic). Chlordane Treated Eucalyptus Seed

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30 March 1982: Chlordane (an organochlorine) coated eucalyptus seed spread over 3000ha of native forest to regenerate forests by killing ants. Chlordane (2% Chlrodane 18g-36g per ha). 3396ha throughout the east of the state. 2253ha East Gippsland (comprising Cann River, Bruthen, Nowa Nowa, Omeo, Orbost and Corryong Forest Districts), 350ha North East Victoria (comprising Bright and Mansfield Forest Districts), 336ha Heyfield (comprising Heyfield, Maffra and Erica Forest Districts), 457ha Marysville (comprising Alexandra and Marysville Forest Districts). “The Forest Commission Victoria proposes to conduct a program of aerial seeding during autumn 1982 using coated eucalypts seed to regenerate forests utilised in 1980-82. The seed coating technique involves the addition of the insecticide Chlordane to control the activities of seed harvesting insects. Seed harvesting insects (mostly ants) may remove large quantities of eucalpyt seed from the site prior to germination, thus seriously affecting the amont of regeneration achieved on an area.

1982 March – Mansfield/Bright (Vic) – Chlordane Treated Eucalyptus Seed

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30 March 1982: Chlordane (an organochlorine) coated eucalyptus seed spread over 3000ha of native forest to regenerate forests by killing ants. Chlordane (2% Chlrodane 18g-36g per ha). 3396ha throughout the east of the state. 2253ha East Gippsland (comprising Cann River, Bruthen, Nowa Nowa, Omeo, Orbost and Corryong Forest Districts), 350ha North East Victoria (comprising Bright and Mansfield Forest Districts), 336ha Heyfield (comprising Heyfield, Maffra and Erica Forest Districts), 457ha Marysville (comprising Alexandra and Marysville Forest Districts). “The Forest Commission Victoria proposes to conduct a program of aerial seeding during autumn 1982 using coated eucalypts seed to regenerate forests utilised in 1980-82. The seed coating technique involves the addition of the insecticide Chlordane to control the activities of seed harvesting insects. Seed harvesting insects (mostly ants) may remove large quantities of eucalpyt seed from the site prior to germination, thus seriously affecting the amont of regeneration achieved on an area.

1982 March – Corryong (Vic) – Chlordane Treated Eucalyptus Seed

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30 March 1982: Chlordane (an organochlorine) coated eucalyptus seed spread over 3000ha of native forest to regenerate forests by killing ants. Chlordane (2% Chlrodane 18g-36g per ha). 3396ha throughout the east of the state. 2253ha East Gippsland (comprising Cann River, Bruthen, Nowa Nowa, Omeo, Orbost and Corryong Forest Districts), 350ha North East Victoria (comprising Bright and Mansfield Forest Districts), 336ha Heyfield (comprising Heyfield, Maffra and Erica Forest Districts), 457ha Marysville (comprising Alexandra and Marysville Forest Districts). “The Forest Commission Victoria proposes to conduct a program of aerial seeding during autumn 1982 using coated eucalypts seed to regenerate forests utilised in 1980-82. The seed coating technique involves the addition of the insecticide Chlordane to control the activities of seed harvesting insects. Seed harvesting insects (mostly ants) may remove large quantities of eucalpyt seed from the site prior to germination, thus seriously affecting the amont of regeneration achieved on an area.

1982 March – Orbost – Chlordane Treated Eucalyptus Seed

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30 March 1982: Chlordane (an organochlorine) coated eucalyptus seed spread over 3000ha of native forest to regenerate forests by killing ants. Chlordane (2% Chlrodane 18g-36g per ha). 3396ha throughout the east of the state. 2253ha East Gippsland (comprising Cann River, Bruthen, Nowa Nowa, Omeo, Orbost and Corryong Forest Districts), 350ha North East Victoria (comprising Bright and Mansfield Forest Districts), 336ha Heyfield (comprising Heyfield, Maffra and Erica Forest Districts), 457ha Marysville (comprising Alexandra and Marysville Forest Districts). “The Forest Commission Victoria proposes to conduct a program of aerial seeding during autumn 1982 using coated eucalypts seed to regenerate forests utilised in 1980-82. The seed coating technique involves the addition of the insecticide Chlordane to control the activities of seed harvesting insects. Seed harvesting insects (mostly ants) may remove large quantities of eucalpyt seed from the site prior to germination, thus seriously affecting the amont of regeneration achieved on an area.

1982 March – Omeo (Vic) Chlordane Treated Eucalypt Seed

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30 March 1982: Chlordane (an organochlorine) coated eucalyptus seed spread over 3000ha of native forest to regenerate forests by killing ants. Chlordane (2% Chlrodane 18g-36g per ha). 3396ha throughout the east of the state. 2253ha East Gippsland (comprising Cann River, Bruthen, Nowa Nowa, Omeo, Orbost and Corryong Forest Districts), 350ha North East Victoria (comprising Bright and Mansfield Forest Districts), 336ha Heyfield (comprising Heyfield, Maffra and Erica Forest Districts), 457ha Marysville (comprising Alexandra and Marysville Forest Districts). “The Forest Commission Victoria proposes to conduct a program of aerial seeding during autumn 1982 using coated eucalypts seed to regenerate forests utilised in 1980-82. The seed coating technique involves the addition of the insecticide Chlordane to control the activities of seed harvesting insects. Seed harvesting insects (mostly ants) may remove large quantities of eucalpyt seed from the site prior to germination, thus seriously affecting the amont of regeneration achieved on an area.

1982 March – Nowa Nowa Vic – Chlordane Treated Eucalyptus Seed

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30 March 1982: Chlordane (an organochlorine) coated eucalyptus seed spread over 3000ha of native forest to regenerate forests by killing ants. Chlordane (2% Chlrodane 18g-36g per ha). 3396ha throughout the east of the state. 2253ha East Gippsland (comprising Cann River, Bruthen, Nowa Nowa, Omeo, Orbost and Corryong Forest Districts), 350ha North East Victoria (comprising Bright and Mansfield Forest Districts), 336ha Heyfield (comprising Heyfield, Maffra and Erica Forest Districts), 457ha Marysville (comprising Alexandra and Marysville Forest Districts). “The Forest Commission Victoria proposes to conduct a program of aerial seeding during autumn 1982 using coated eucalypts seed to regenerate forests utilised in 1980-82. The seed coating technique involves the addition of the insecticide Chlordane to control the activities of seed harvesting insects. Seed harvesting insects (mostly ants) may remove large quantities of eucalpyt seed from the site prior to germination, thus seriously affecting the amont of regeneration achieved on an area.

1982 March – Bruthen (Vic) Chlordane Treated Eucalyptus Seed

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30 March 1982: Chlordane (an organochlorine) coated eucalyptus seed spread over 3000ha of native forest to regenerate forests by killing ants. Chlordane (2% Chlrodane 18g-36g per ha). 3396ha throughout the east of the state. 2253ha East Gippsland (comprising Cann River, Bruthen, Nowa Nowa, Omeo, Orbost and Corryong Forest Districts), 350ha North East Victoria (comprising Bright and Mansfield Forest Districts), 336ha Heyfield (comprising Heyfield, Maffra and Erica Forest Districts), 457ha Marysville (comprising Alexandra and Marysville Forest Districts). “The Forest Commission Victoria proposes to conduct a program of aerial seeding during autumn 1982 using coated eucalypts seed to regenerate forests utilised in 1980-82. The seed coating technique involves the addition of the insecticide Chlordane to control the activities of seed harvesting insects. Seed harvesting insects (mostly ants) may remove large quantities of eucalpyt seed from the site prior to germination, thus seriously affecting the amont of regeneration achieved on an area.

1982 March: Cann River (Vic) – Chlordane Treated Eucalyptus Seed

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30 March 1982: Chlordane (an organochlorine) coated eucalyptus seed spread over 3000ha of native forest to regenerate forests by killing ants. Chlordane (2% Chlrodane 18g-36g per ha). 3396ha throughout the east of the state. 2253ha East Gippsland (comprising Cann River, Bruthen, Nowa Nowa, Omeo, Orbost and Corryong Forest Districts), 350ha North East Victoria (comprising Bright and Mansfield Forest Districts), 336ha Heyfield (comprising Heyfield, Maffra and Erica Forest Districts), 457ha Marysville (comprising Alexandra and Marysville Forest Districts). “The Forest Commission Victoria proposes to conduct a program of aerial seeding during autumn 1982 using coated eucalypts seed to regenerate forests utilised in 1980-82. The seed coating technique involves the addition of the insecticide Chlordane to control the activities of seed harvesting insects. Seed harvesting insects (mostly ants) may remove large quantities of eucalpyt seed from the site prior to germination, thus seriously affecting the amont of regeneration achieved on an area.

2017 October: Friends of the Earth releases Report into Pesticide Pollution of Victorian Drinking Water Supplies.

***PRESS RELEASE***

October 24 2017

Friends of the Earth Releases Report into Pesticide Pollution of  Victorian Drinking Water Supplies

Environmental organisation Friends of the Earth today published results of a statewide survey of pesticide pollution in the State’s drinking water supplies.

The results were sourced from Freedom of Information (FoI) Requests from all of the State’s drinking water authorities. The multiple FOI .requests covered the years 2007 through to 2016.

“This is the first time such a survey has apparently been conducted” said FoE spokesperson Anthony Amis.  “Improved monitoring by some water authorities since 2012, has allowed a more accurate understanding about what pesticides are being washed into water supplies.”

“Over 600 pesticide incidents were detected by Victorian water authorities throughout Victoria during the decade. The incident list would even be higher if all water authorities were more pro-active in coming to terms with these pollution events” .

The most frequent amount of detections (52) were detected in the Yarra River at the offtake to Sugarloaf Reservoir. “Many people presume that all of Melbourne’s drinking water comes from closed forested water catchments. This belief is not correct” Mr Amis said.

The highest level recorded was a detection of the banned insecticide Monocrotophos which was detected in Candowie Reservoir in 2011 at levels 20 times higher than the Australian Drinking Water Guidelines.  “The source of this incident, possibly the most significant in a Victorian drinking water supply in 40 years was never investigated” said Mr Amis.

The small community of Girgarre recorded multiple detections for the herbicide 2,4-D for a period of three months in 2010. “FOE is unsure if residents were informed about the pollution .

The most commonly detected pesticides throughout Victoria were the herbicides 2,4-D, Atrazine, Triclopyr, MCPA and Simazine.  FoE is calling for the restriction of these herbicides in water supply catchments.

A total of 46 different pesticides were detected in drinking water supplies over the ten year period. “This is probably a fraction of what is actually out there, but no one is testing for everything that is used. Water authorities need to be informed by pesticide users about what is actually being sprayed in their water supply catchment. At the moment this is not the case”added Mr Amis.

Pesticides were also detected in tap water the greater Melbourne area for the first time. “This is of concern, as FoE is of the view that no pesticides should be detected in water supplies, let alone consumer taps, at any level” Mr Amis concluded.

A copy of the report can be found here: http://www.foe.org.au/vicwaterpesticide

2017 September: Pesticide Contaminates Drinking Water Dam near Ballina. Pesticide: Diazinon

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Pesticide contaminates drinking water dam near Ballina

THE NSW Environment Protection Authority is investigating an incident of potential spray drift near Emigrant Creek Dam north of Ballina.

EPA regional operations manager for the North Coast, Brett Nudd, said the EPA started an investigation after a complaint was made in August highlighting concerns with pesticide application during strong winds.

“The EPA is investigating potential spray drift that has impacted on Emigrant Creek Dam and surrounds as a result of a farmer using the pesticide diazinon,” Mr Nudd said.

“The EPA, and Rous County Council whom operate the Emigrant Creek Dam, have taken water samples from the dam which supplies drinking water to the Ballina and Lennox Head areas.

“While these samples have detected diazinon in the dam, the levels of pesticide detected are well below the Australian Drinking Water Guideline.”

Rous County Council General Manager Kyme Lavelle said the filtration system at the dam is designed to address any pesticide contamination.

“As an added precaution Rous has ceased supply of water from this source and is currently testing its treated water to confirm that the filtration is successfully removing any pesticides,” Mr Lavelle said.

Director North Coast Public Health Unit, Mr Paul Corben also reminded local residents of the importance of maintaining first flush systems on rainwater tanks.

“After prolonged dry periods various contaminants can accumulate on roofs and gutters and it is important that residents prevent the build-up of contaminants from entering their rainwater tank. This can be achieved by using first flush systems or disconnecting the tank inlet,” Mr Corben said.

The EPA is continuing to investigate the incident and reminds anyone using pesticides to read product labels carefully, monitor local weather conditions and communicate with neighbours ahead of time to avoid spray drift incidents.

Anyone with a concern, or knowledge of a spray drift incident or pesticide misuse in their local area, should contact the Environment Line on 131 555.

2017 July: Poisoned Birds Murrumbatemen (NSW). Pesticide: Omethoate

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Poisoned birds in Murrumbateman prompt investigation by NSW Environment Protection Authority

The deaths of about 30 birds in Murrumbateman has prompted the NSW Environment Protection Authority (EPA) to investigate the cause.

Nigel Sargent, EPA manager of regional operations, said results from initial tests show that the birds, primarily cockatoos and corellas, have consumed the insecticide omethoate.

“This is used on a variety of agricultural crops and fruit trees for insect pest management,” Mr Sargent said.

He said the results came from analysing a number of dead birds that were sent to Office of Environment and Heritage laboratories as part of the investigations.

Initial autopsies, which showed oat grain in the crops and signs of toxin.

The investigation came after residents initially reported and took a number of the dead birds to Murrumbateman Veterinary Clinic in early July.

Veterinarian Dr Iva Velevska said the clinic is continuing to work with the EPA in its investigation. Since mid July, Wildcare in Queanbeyan has been collecting the birds from the clinic for rehabilitation.

Maryanne Gates, bird coordinator at Wildcare, said she initially contacted the Yass Police Station.

“They advised me to follow it up with the EPA to investigate and confirm that poisoning was involved,” she said.

Ms Gates said the police did conduct extra patrol in Murrumbateman in mid July.

Since July 25, Wildcare has had 11 cockatoos, two corellas, one galah and one raven in its care.

“I had about 30 birds and I’d say there’s many that have died,” Ms Gates said.

“The ones that came in last weekend are now well enough to have been moved to an aviary to continue their recovery,” she said.

“We’re not convinced its stopped. There could be other bodies and people aren’t seeing them.”

At this stage, the EPA has not determined if the poisoning was deliberate. The misuse of pesticides is an offence in NSW and heavy penalties apply, including fines up to $120,000.

August 2017: Bird Deaths Linked to Common Insecticide that is Banned in Europe. Pesticide: Imidacloprid

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Bird deaths linked to common insecticide that is banned in Europe

August 9 2017

A commonly used chemical is being blamed for the deaths of native birds in Victoria.

Lab results obtained by the ABC confirm that the chemical, which is used as an insecticide, killed at least 12 birds near Horsham last month.

The same chemical has been banned in Europe because of concerns it is behind a dramatic decline in bee populations.

Cath De Vaus, from Natimuk a small town western Victoria’s cropping region, started making the grisly discoveries, finding dead birds around her house last month.

She said the deaths had not stopped and the numbers were adding up.

“It’s lovely watching them in the evenings and every morning when you see new dead ones it’s incredibly sad.”

Ms De Vaus, along with other residents, reported the deaths and Agriculture Victoria has been investigating.

Lab results obtained by the ABC confirm traces of imidacloprid, a chemical commonly used in insecticides.

Imidacloprid is used to kill insects and termites, and can often be found in flea control for pets.

Farmers also use it to treat barley and wheat seeds.

In a statement, Agriculture Victoria has acknowledged that while the initial lab results show traces of chemicals used in crop management, there was not clear evidence that this was the single cause of death of the birds.

Associate Professor Vincent Pettigrove, a chemicals expert from the University of Melbourne said imidacloprid affected the nervous system.

“It actually mimics nicotine and it’s really quite toxic to insects and it shouldn’t be toxic to mammals and birds, but in certain circumstances we’ve found many reports of bird deaths associated with the use of this insecticide,” he said.

“Some work in the European Union showed that a sparrow if it ate just one and half beet seeds would be enough to kill the bird.”

European ban in place

In 2013 the European Union put a ban on these kinds of insecticides because of concerns they were behind a dramatic decline in bee populations.

Associate Professor Pettigrove said research published this year backed up the EU’s concerns.

“There was a study in France where they looked at 103 wildlife mortality incidents and they found in 101 cases the birds had some concentrations of imidacloprid in them,” he said.

The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority were unable to comment on the situation as they had not been advised on the matter.

People urged to report incidents

Associate Professor Pettigrove said he thought it was time to be ”much more vigilant about recording these deaths and trying to understand what is the reason for it”.

“Once the APVMA get a good body of information they’ll have to consider reviewing how this chemical is used,” he said.

Associate Professor Pettigrove said the way to do that was for more people to report incidents to the authorities.

“That will help us develop a better strategy for trying to use this chemical in a more environmentally safe way.”

1998: Bendoc (Vic). Simazine in Soil

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In 1998 organic farmers near Bendoc in East Gippsland found traces of simazine on their property and linked it to plantations established to Harris-Daishowa. In the ruling of the case the magistrate found that the council failed; i) to undertake further sampling to determine the extent of the use of Simazine . . . and the long term impact of simazine on the proposed plantation site and organic farm, ii) to consider whether the prior use and proposed use of Simazine has and will continue to jeopardise the capacity of the organic farm to obtain organic certification from the Biodynamic Farming Association or the National Association of Sustainable Agriculture Australia, iii) to consider whether the proposed use of Simazine and Roundup on the proposed plantation site is simply incompatible with the agricultural practices of the adjacent organic farm, iv) to adequately consider the potential consequences of the use of Simazine and Roundup at the proposed maximum application rates upon the organic farm and nearby watercourses; or v) to specify any requirements for monitoring the effects of the use of Simazine and Roundup and any other effects of the establishment of the timber plantation upon the organic farm and nearby watercourses.

‘Prior to this application, there had been no planning permit conditions relating to the use of herbicides for plantation development. In fact, no individual nor any authority has raised the issue of herbicide use in plantations with Council even though the use there of it clearly indicated in each proposal’.

2017 August: Five Sea Eagles Poisoned – Bairnsdale (Vic). Pesticide: DDE

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Five threatened white-bellied sea eagles die after being poisoned in eastern Victoria

ABC Gippsland 1/8/17

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-08-01/threatened-sea-eagles-die-from-poison-near-bairnsdale/8762742

A farmer in Bairnsdale could face charges over the fatal poisoning of five white-bellied sea eagles found dead near Bairnsdale last month.

The threatened birds were poisoned after eating corellas that had been illegally baited.

Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning Program Manager, Craig Oldis says necropsy and toxicology tests on two of the sea eagles found traces of the chemical, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), traditionally used in the agricultural and livestock industry.“We believe the eagles have fed on the corella carcasses and succumbed to the poison also.”

DELWP has formally interviewed a Bairnsdale man after speaking with a number of people who live along the Mitchell River near Bairnsdale.

The white-bellied sea eagle is one of Australia’s largest and most spectacular raptors and is common to East Gippsland.

They measure about one metre long and have a similar wing span and flight pattern to the wedge-tailed eagle.

Using poison to destroy protected wildlife attracts fines of up to $15,600 and/or six months imprisonment.

“If a person is convicted in court they may well find themselves going to jail for such a callous and hideous act of cruelty,” Mr Oldis said.

2011 December: Candowie Reservoir (Vic) Phillip Island Water Supply. Pesticide: Monocrotophos

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6/12/11: The insecticide, Monocrotophos was detected at 20ug/L in Candowie Reservoir at inlet to Water Treatment Plant. In the 2004 Australian Drinking Water Guidelines, Monocrotophos had a guideline level of 1ug/L. It did not have a guideline level in the 2011 Guidelines.

The level detected therefore was 20 times higher than the level determined to be “safe” in 2004. Probably the most serious pesticide incident in a domestic water supply in Victoria since the 1970’s. How much was removed during the treatment process? Was the source determined?

“The herbicide/pesticide, monocrotophos exceeded the ADWG health-based
guideline value during the 2011/12 reporting period. Westernport Water were not advised of this exceedence by their consultant laboratory and were therefore unable to take any remedial actions in response to the detection. It is important to note that this result was obtained in the raw water, and the health-based guideline values apply in the treated water.”
http://www.westernportwater.com.au/wp-content/uploads/WebFiles/Services/Water%20quality/DHS%20Water%20quality%20report%202011-12.pdf

 

 

2017 July: Grape Grower Awarded $7million (Spray Drift Case). Pesticides: 2,4-D, Glyphosate, Metsulfuron Methyl

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High price for spraying: Grower awarded more than $7million

A NORTH west Victorian grape grower, whose 60-hectare property was permanently damaged by chemical overspray from a neighbouring property four years ago, has been awarded more than $7 million.

Riverman Orchards, which farms land at Piangil, claimed herbicide spray drift had adversely impacted on its 61.14-hectare vineyard.

The Supreme Court of Victoria was last week told block owner Tony Caccaviello, who had farmed in the Piangil area for his entire life, initially thought the vines had been affected by frost before tests confirmed the damage was the result of chemicals toxic to grapevines and which were not used within a vineyard.

The court heard vetch block owner Rodney James Hayden confirmed his property had been sprayed just days earlier with a mixture containing 2,4-D, glyphosate and metsulfuron-methyl and which included a wetting agent based on ammonium sulphate.

Riverman sought damages for the October, 2013, overspray event for nuisance and negligence.

It asserted that subjecting its vines to the overspray was an unreasonable and substantial interference with its use and enjoyment of the Mallee Block vineyard.

It also asserted the vetch spraying was negligently carried out, principally in the manner in which it was done in the prevailing weather conditions and in the mixture of chemicals chosen.

At the time of the overspray, local winemaker Andrew Peace Wines was purchasing all of the produce from 54.25 hectares of the Mallee Block at annual prices to be agreed each year before harvest.

Riverman claimed its vineyard did not yield the same quantity of fruit and the quality of the fruit produced was poor and that after three seasons it was clear that the vineyard would not recover.

The plaintiff claimed that 8000 vines needed to be removed and replanted to re-establish the vineyard to the standard that it was before October, 2013.

Hayden’s principal submission was that there was in fact no interference by him through spraying activities with the Riverman property, but if there was a spray drift event, the plaintiff’s damage was not caused by exposure to the herbicides used.

He claimed the damage to Mallee Block vines was caused by water stress arising from inadequate irrigation, excessive pruning and general inadequate management, including inappropriate fertilisation.

Hayden submitted that in any event the alleged interference was neither substantial nor unreasonable.

However, Judge John Dixon said he was satisfied that when the defendant sprayed the vetch, multiple spray drifts were created in sufficient concentrations to cause very serious damage to the vines.

Judge Dixon ordered Hayden to pay Riverman $6,543,626.10 in damages and a further $704,587.66 in interest.

2013 September: Wannamai to Geraldton Sick Trees (Western Australia). Pesticide: Metribuzin

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Railway bush reserves are highly important both as ecological corridors and as community assets. With the recent extensive tree decline noticed along the railway between Wannamal to Geraldton involving York Gums, Salmon Gums and Wandoo, investigations led by MCC have followed. Rachel Walmsley, MCC’s NRM Officer said “MCC has organised two stakeholder meetings in the past few months. The initial meeting with Brookfield Rail in January discussed the issue and the community’s concerns on why thousands of trees along the railway suddenly becoming sick in Spring 2013. Outcomes included leaf/soil sampling of affected areas and further investigation by Brookfield Rail.”
A follow up meeting was held in March in Moora between Brookfield Rail and even more concerned stakeholders than the first meeting. Rachel said “Leaf/soil samples results concluded that the residual herbicide chemical Metribuzin is to blame for the tree decline. This has been used by Brookfield Rail with Glyphosate to control weeds including resistant rye grass, and had been used for the previous two years prior to 2013 without ill effects. It is thought the rain events/wet spring may have unfortunately allowed the chemical to infiltrate the soil and reach the tree roots.
The long dry summer has also not helped with tree recovery. “Lengthy discussions were held on Brookfield Rail’s weed spraying protocol including chemicals used, technique and timing. Brookfield Rail said they are reviewing their procedures and that Metribuzin would not be used again on the line. Chemical selection is made in conjunction with the Australian Glyphosate
Sustainability Working Group to avoid weed species developing glyphosate resistance.
Rachel said “Actions to be taken by Brookfield Rail include using a proven nutrient injection technique to bring back a number of prominent sick trees including those through Moora and Coomberdale.” This happened in April with 180 trees being injected. Monitoring by Brookfield Rail will be long term to gauge success. Recovery of a large number of trees is expected
over the autumn/winter but this will be reviewed in the spring. Brookfield Rail will also commit to a wide scale planting program if necessary. This will be discussed at the next meeting in the spring.
http://www.moorecatchment.org.au/Newsletters/Issue%2032%20MCC%20newsletterspring_autumn%202014email.pdf

2017 June: Fish and Eel Kill. Ipswich Qld. Pesticide: Bifenthrin

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Mass pesticide dose killed fish, eels tests confirm

Queensland Times June 29 2017

https://www.qt.com.au/news/lab-tests-confirm-mass-pesticide-dose-killed-fish-/3194755/

FISH and eels found dead in an Ipswich waterway were killed by exposure to pesticides, lab tests have confirmed.

The discovery was made after residents sent samples of the dead animals found at Walloon near the Waterlea development to a government lab for testing.

Those tests showed high levels of the chemical Bifenthrin, commonly used in Queensland to treat timber for termites.

While the mystery of the animals’ cause of death last month has now been solved, the source of the chemical remains unknown.

Waterlea developer said its own investigation pointed to a “localised source”, meaning the chemical was likely dumped directly into the waterway, as opposed to run-off from the nearby development site.

Owen Wesner, who discovered the dead fish and eels, wants answers and assurances the surrounding ground and waterways are not contaminated. He also wants to know there will be no long-term environmental consequences.

“It’s an environmental disaster as far as I am concerned,” Mr Wesner said.

“If pesticides have been dumped there, then it’s an environmental issue that needs to be addressed.

“Who’s to say children don’t swim in that water hole? What if the cattle downstream drink the water? Are the local kangaroos drinking from the water hole? Has the local koala population been affected? People need to understand they can’t dump these chemicals down the drain, if that’s what has happened here. Chemicals like pesticides must be disposed of properly at a council facility.”

The State Government’s Biosecurity Department confirmed the chemical detected Bifenthrin, is an agricultural insecticide used for the control of borers and termites in timber, insect pests in agricultural crops and turf, as well as general pest control.

The State Environment Department was aware of the waterway contamination and said Ipswich City Council had investigated.

Ipswich City Council said its officers attended the area following the fish kill report from residents, but is still awaiting the results of a preliminary investigation.

A spokesperson for Waterlea at Walloon said it worked closely with authorities to determine the origin of the chemicals.

“By examining rain fall logs and other data we determined no water had left our site in the days leading up to the event,” the spokesperson said.

2016 April: Merryn Grove Wantirna. Pesticide: Dicamba

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Dicamba detected at 0.01ug/L Merryn Grove Wantirna April 2016. Source: South East Water FoI

“This is the second instance I’ve seen of a pesticide being detected through consumer taps in Melbourne’s drinking water network. This detection was 10000 times less that safe drinking water guideline. But it is evidence that the treatment process was compromised. Source for water for Wantirna is Silvan Dam, so most likely source of Dicamba could have been spray drift (open aquaducts) from Upper Yarra, O’Shannassy”

2003 February: Letter to Age Vietnam Vets drinking 2,4,5-T. Pesticides: 2,4-D, 2,4,5-T

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How safe are anthrax shots?

Can Defence Minister Hill please explain why those on board HMAS Kanimbla were required to sign a consent form if anthrax vaccinations were as safe as he claims? If years down the track those personnel over in the Gulf start to suffer previously unknown side effects, will that consent form indemnify the Government from any guilt? And will this consequently make those personnel ineligible for medical treatment?

During the Vietnam War, Agent Orange was sprayed to defoliate the jungle, and subsequently the ground troops suffered side effects that not only affected them and their children, but could also continue affecting them for generations to come. Those ground troops are 13 per cent more likely to contract cancer than the general population.

I was on HMAS Sydney during that war, and we apparently drank contaminated desalinated water drawn from the harbour at Vung Tau. The desalination method increased the toxicity of the contaminants to such an extent that I am 58 per cent more likely to contract cancer than the general population. These facts came to light late last year, more than 30 years after the war, and after a lot of sailors had contracted cancer and died mysteriously.

If Robert Hill is so sure the anthrax vaccine is safe, then I’m sure he won’t mind he and his family having the inoculation – and signing a consent form, of course.
J. King, Musgrave Hill, Qld

2012 Oct-Nov: Adjungbilly Creek (NSW). Pesticides: Atrazine, Hexazinone, Simazine

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Forestry NSW Samples from various locations near headwaters of Adjungbilly Creek

11/10/12 8*-Sample N12/027457

Atrazine 0.56µg/L, Hexazinone 0.45µg/L

11/10/12 9A*-Sample N12/027458

Atrazine 1.8µg/L, Hexazinone 0.94µg/L

11/10/12 A CGAGO1 N12/027453

Atrazine 78ug/L, Hexazinone 22µg/L, Simazine 0.26µg/L

11/10/12 C CGAGO N12/027455

Atrazine 0.4ug/L, Hexazinone 0.11µg/L

Office of Environment & Heritage Report 201200381

Wee Jasper State Forest Courajago 

201202974 2 Courajago 15/11/12 OMSSVQ1

Hexazinone 0.6µg/L

201202976 4 Courajago 15/11/12 OMSSVQ1

Atrazine 8.3µg/L Hexazinone 4.8µg/L

201202977 5 Courajago 19/11/12 OMSSVQ1

Atrazine 130µg/kg Hexazinone 43µg/kg

201202978 6 Courajago 15/11/12 OMSSVQ1

Hexazinone 1µg/L

201202980 8 Courajago 15/11/12 OMSSVQ1

Hexazinone 0.5201202978 6 Courajago 15/11/12 OMSSVQ1

Hexazinone 1µg/L

Australian Government NM1 samples 13/11/12

N12/030147: Atrazine 0.3µg/L, Hexazinone 0.16µg/L

N12/030148: Atrazine 0.28µg/L, Hexazinone 0.2µg/L

N12/030149: Atrazine 0.44µg/L, Hexazinone 0.21µg/L

Water C Gago D 

11/10/12 D-CGAG01-Sample N12/027456

Atrazine 31µg/L, Hexazinone 15µg/L, Simazine 0.11µg/L

Atrazine 78µg/L, Hexazinone 22µg/L, Simazine 0.26µg/L

Sample N12/030153 13/11/12: Atrazine 0.91µg/L, Hexazinone 0.85µg/L

Sample N12/031947 21/11/12 Atrazine 0.69µg/L, Hexazinone 0.68µg/L

Sample N12/032831 30/11/12: Hexazinone 0.54µg/L

Water C Gago B

N12/030951 13/11/12 Hexazinone 1.6µg/L

N12/030152 13/11/12 Atrazine 0.19 µg/L, Hexazinone 1.2µg/L

N12/031948 21/11/12 Atrazine 0.2µg/L, Hexazinone 0.49µg/L

N12/032832 30/11/12: Hexazinone 0.49µg/L

Water C Gago C 

N12/031949 13/11/12: Atrazine 0.44µg/L, Hexazinone 0.21µg/L

N12/031949 21/11/12: Atrazine 0.18µg/L, Hexazinone 0.99µg/L

N12/03285 30/11/12: Hexazinone 0.19µg/L

Water C Gago A 

N12/030150 13/11/12 Atrazine 0.12µg/L Hexazinone 0.16µg/L

N12/031950 21/11/2012 Hexazinone 1.1µg/L

N12/032828 30/11/12: Atrazine 0.15µg/L Hexazinone 0.12µg/L

Water G2 

N12/031951 21/11/12 Atrazine 0.12 µg/L, Hexazinone 0.22µg/L

Water C Gag C 

N12/031953: 21/11/2012 Atrazine 0.24 µg/L, Hexazinone 0.16µg/L

Water 20 

N12/030154: 13/11/2012 Atrazine 1.3µg/L, Hexazinone 0.33µg/L

2017 April: ‘Agent Orange’ chemicals at old Nufarm site in Fawkner spark fears over health risks. Pesticides: 2,4,5-T, 2,4-D

Agent Orange’ chemicals at old Nufarm site in Fawkner spark fears over health risks

THE Environment Protection Authority will be asked to inspect a former pesticide factory site in Fawkner that is contaminated with chemicals found in Agent Orange.

Land at 100 and 102 McBryde St was formerly owned by Nufarm Ltd, which produced dioxins and herbicides using chemicals that are the chief ingredients in the substance first used by US troops to defoliate the jungle during the Vietnam War.

The council has referred a planning application for two warehouses on the site to the EPA, which has until Thursday to comment.

Moreland Council has also called on the EPA to examine a clay cap, placed over the soil in the mid 1990s to entrap the contaminants, to determine its condition.

A council report revealed high traces of the carcinogenic chemicals were found at the site after the Nufarm factory closed in 1990.

The report also showed a cancer cluster is believed to have existed in the area of McBryde, Percy and Bruce streets during operation of the factory.

The Herald Sun reported in June 1990 that 20 cancer deaths were recorded at 18 nearby homes.

Brian Snowden, who lives near the property, said he hoped planning permits for construction at the site would be rejected due to health risks.

“What the residents are saying is ‘It’s not on’,” Mr Snowden said.

“Nobody knows the status of this property and nobody has done anything on it since it was capped and sold off.”

An earlier permit application to build warehouses on the lot was denied in 2015, while three similar permits lapsed.

An EPA audit conducted in 1995 led to restrictions for the site, including the clay cap being maintained and a requirement that any soil excavated from deeper than half a metre be tested and disposed of within the authority’s guidelines.

EPA metro manager Daniel Hunt said the authority was yet to receive a request to inspect the clay cap, but was in discussions with the council and a resident.

Anger from Fawkner locals over toxic site poised for redevelopment

 Sunday Age 15/10/17 
http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/anger-from-fawkner-locals-over-exagent-orange-site-poised-for-redevelopment-20171013-gz0nv1.html

A plan to redevelop a former Fawkner manufacturing site where the component parts of Agent Orange were once made and stored is heading to the state planning tribunal, despite attempts by residents and a local council to stop it.

Proposed for the site are two warehouses on land once owned by agricultural chemical maker Nufarm.

Nufarm sold the property four decades ago, but from 1957 to 1971 manufactured a range of chemicals, including two components of the weapon Agent Orange.

A Nufarm spokeswoman said that the company had never manufactured Agent Orange. The company also made DDT and arsenic there.

The plant was not connected to the sewerage system until 1968.

For over a decade when there was spillage of the many deadly chemicals manufactured there, they were simply washed via a stormwater drain into the nearby Merri Creek, an environmental report done on the site for Nufarm in 1995 shows.

A residents’ group has been set up to fight the warehouse plan and, with between 50 and 100 members on board, has succeeded in convincing Moreland councillors to reject the plan – despite council officers having recommended it proceed.

The proposed warehouses are to be used for the storage of concrete equipment, trucks and tools, and the need to dig deep across all of the contaminated land may not be necessary.

But the proposal involves digging into a clay cap previously put over the entire site to protect people from chemicals that had leached into the soils. The planned warehouse’s drainage would see a new sewer dug that would need twin 25-metre-long, two-metre deep trenches dug.

The residents’ group, Toxic Free Fawkner, has voiced concerns that remnant chemicals may be disturbed and dispersed when construction is underway.

One resident, Brian Snowden, said the site was “a weeping sore” that had to be fixed rather than redeveloped. Mr Snowden’s mother, Elsie Snowden led the fight to close the factory – which locals said put a stench over the entire suburb when it was open.

The Environment Protection Authority in 1995 ordered Nufarm to test the site after a Greenpeace campaign focused attention on the seriousness of its contamination.

Special Minister of State Gavin Jennings told the Victorian parliament in June that a test done earlier this year by the EPA had found chemicals in the soil around the former factory had not leaked off the site or into the Merri Creek.

But residents were furious the tests were done only off the site – not on some of the contaminated areas that will be excavated if it is redeveloped.

“New and comprehensive testing is needed,” said Moreland councillor Sue Bolton, who has led the charge within Moreland Council to stop the plan.

A cluster of historical cancers in the area were reported in the area in the 1980s, and some residents believe it has never been fully explored properly.

Former nurse and local resident Roma Mawby, aged in her 80s, said many children in the area used to play in Merri Creek directly at the back of the Nufarm factory.

Among those to present to Moreland Council when it voted to oppose the proposal late last month was Roger Pell, principal of Fawkner Primary School. He said his school’s council believed residents in the area had been neglected for too long.

The school council had directed him to make the point to Moreland councillors that, if the development proceeds, “are children going to be safe when they go to school?” Mr Pell said.

“How do we explain to our school community if we have odours and smells coming across our school during the drilling and construction period. What do we say to [parents and children]: ‘Oh it’s safe, there’s nothing wrong with it’?”

A Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal hearing on whether the plan should proceed is scheduled for March next year.

A resident protest outside the proposed warehouse site recently.A resident protest outside the proposed warehouse site recently. Photo: Chris Hopkins

2006 April/May: Warmies Melbourne. Pesticides: p,p,DDE, p,p,DDD

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Technical Report
Yarra and Maribyrnong estuaries: Investigation of contaminants in fish
EPA Victoria 40 City Road, Southbank Victoria 3006 AUSTRALIA
Publication 1094 January 2007
ISBN 0 7306 7659 5 © EPA Victoria 2007
Warmies
p34 Bream (sample no.37):
p,p,DDE 0.019mg/kg, p,p,DDD 0.024mg/kg
Bream (sample no.38):
p,p,DDE 0.001mg/kg, p,p.DDD 0.011mg/kg
Bream (sample no. 39):
p,p,DDD 0.011mg/kg
Mullet (sample no. 47):
p,p,DDE 0.016mg/kg

2006 April/May: South Wharf Dockland. Pesticides p,p,DDE, p,p,DDD, Dieldrin

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Technical Report
Yarra and Maribyrnong estuaries: Investigation of contaminants in fish
EPA Victoria 40 City Road, Southbank Victoria 3006 AUSTRALIA
Publication 1094 January 2007
ISBN 0 7306 7659 5 © EPA Victoria 2007
South Wharf Dockland
p34 Bream (sample no.28):
p,p,DDE 0.013mg/kg, p,p,DDD 0.017mg/kg
Bream (sample no.29):
p,p,DDE 0.016mg/kg, p,p.DDD 0.014mg/kg
Mulloway (sample no. 31):
p,p,DDE 0.016mg/kg, p,p,DDD 0.016mg/kg
Mullet (sample no. 36):
Dieldrin 0.021mg/kg, p,p,DDE 0.019mg/kg, p,p,DDD 0.022mg/kg

2006 April/May: Maribyrnong River Whitehall Impacts of Fauna. Pesticides:

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Technical Report
Yarra and Maribyrnong estuaries: Investigation of contaminants in fish
EPA Victoria 40 City Road, Southbank Victoria 3006 AUSTRALIA
Publication 1094 January 2007
ISBN 0 7306 7659 5 © EPA Victoria 2007
Maribyrnong River Whitehall
p34 Bream (sample no.19):
p,p,DDE 0.018mg/kg, p,p,DDD 0.025mg/kg
Bream (sample no.20):
p,p,DDE 0.014mg/kg
Bream (sample no. 21):
p,p,DDE 0.011mg/kg, p,p,DDD 0.017mg/kg

 

2006 April/May: Pesticides in Fish etc Yarra River Herring Island. Pesticides: Multiple

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Technical Report
Yarra and Maribyrnong estuaries: Investigation of contaminants in fish
EPA Victoria 40 City Road, Southbank Victoria 3006 AUSTRALIA
Publication 1094 January 2007
ISBN 0 7306 7659 5 © EPA Victoria 2007
Herring Island Yarra River
p34 Bream (sample no.11):
p,p,DDD 0.011mg/kg
Mulloway (sample no.13):
p,p,DDE 0.023mg/kg
Mulloway (sample no. 14):
p,p,DDE 0.016mg/kg
Eel (sample no. 16):
Dieldrin 0.036mg/kg, p,p,DDE 0.035mg/kg, p,p,DDD 0.013mg/kg, p,p,DDT 0.012mg/kg
Eel (sample no. 17)
Dieldrin 0.071mg/kg, p,p,DDE 0.056mg/kg, p,p,DDD 0.013mg/kg
Eel (sample no. 18)
Heptachlor Epoxide 0.022mg/kg, Dieldrin 0.075mg/kg, p,p,DDE 0.08mg/kg, p,p,DDD 0.031mg/kg, Endrin 0.012mg/kg

2006 April/May: Pesticides in Fish etc Maribyrnong River (Armourments). Pesticides: Dieldrin, p,p,DDD, p,p,DDE, p,p,DDT, Endrin

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Technical Report
Yarra and Maribyrnong estuaries: Investigation of contaminants in fish
EPA Victoria 40 City Road, Southbank Victoria 3006 AUSTRALIA
Publication 1094 January 2007
ISBN 0 7306 7659 5 © EPA Victoria 2007
p34 Eel (sample no.7):
Dieldrin 0.059mg/kg, p,p,DDD 0.05mg/kg, p,p,DDE 0.011mg/kg, p,p,DDT 0.01mg/kg, Endrin 0.01mg/kg

2015/16: Upper Nepean System (Site HNED+Site HMAC1 80-125). Pesticide: 2,4-D, Atrazine

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Upper Nepean System Site: HNED

2015/16: 2,4-D: 0.01ug/L

Source: http://www.waternsw.com.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/123949/Annual-Water-Quality-Monitoring-Report-Appendices.pdf

Upper Nepean System Site: HMAC1 80-125

2014/15: Atrazine: 0.007ug/L

http://www.waternsw.com.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/70829/WaterNSW-Annual-Water-Quality-Monitoring-Report-2014-15-Appendices.pdf

 

2016 November: Barnaby Joyce says new ANZECC Guidelines will be published in 2017

2 9 NOV 2016 (Letter forwarded from Friends of the Earth)

Dear ***
Thank you for your email of 24 October 2016 to the Hon. Josh Frydenberg MP, Minister for
the Environment and Energy, about the Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for Fresh and
Marine Water Quality (the Guidelines) and their review. Your email was forwarded to me as I
am the minister responsible for the matters you raised.
I am advised the Guidelines are being reviewed by the Australian, New Zealand and
Australian State and Territory governments. A revised version is expected to be released in
2017. A major component of the review is the development of new default guideline values
which determine the conservative levels at which chemicals can be used safely to maintain the
ecological health of various aquatic environments. Default guideline values are included for
simazine and glyphosate in both fresh and marine waters, and for atrazine in fresh water.
Pesticides such as diuron and imidacloprid have also been assigned default guideline values.

It is important to note that the Guidelines are not mandatory and while most states and
territories use them to inform their policies on chemical product regulation, they are not
required to do so. Each state and territory is responsible for communicating how they will
apply the revised Guidelines prior to release. I encourage you to contact your relevant state
authority regarding this information.
Responsibility for the regulation of agricultural chemical products is shared between the
Australian and state and territory governments. The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary
Medicines Authority (APVMA) is the independent national regulator for all agricultural
chemical products up to and including the point of sale. It conducts thorough scientific
assessments and chemical reviews, of the potential risks chemical products pose to human
health, the environment and trade.
APVMA’s processes also allow it to respond to new research findings and challenges. For
example, following a review of diuron approvals in 2012, the APVMA cancelled the
registration of some products and amended permitted use patterns for others to reduce risks
related to runoff. I refer you to the APVMA website if you would like to access further
information on its chemical reviews (apvma.gov.au/node/10916).

State and territory governments are responsible for the control of use of agricultural chemical
products. It is their responsibility to ensure that users comply with the APVMA-approved
product instructions, and to take action against breaches of agvet chemical regulations. If you
are aware of agvet chemicals being misused, I encourage you to contact the relevant state
authority.

Thank you for bringing your concerns to the government’s attention. I trust this information is
of assistance.

Yours sincerely
Barnaby Joyce MP

2017 March: Chemical Crop Contamination – Peak Body Ausveg Silent: Propachlor, Prometryn, Metolachlor, Atrazine

Chemical crop contamination: Peak body AusVeg silent

VEGETABLE growers who have lost millions of dollars after using contaminated herbicides have been left without a voice, with the peak industry body, AusVeg, not prepared to comment on the recalls.

A combined 200,000 litres of Ramrod Flowable, Gesagard and Primextra Gold were recalled by agrochemical companies Nufarm, Crop Care and Syngenta on December 8, 2016 and January 20, 2017.

Ramrod Flowable is used on onions, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbages, cauliflower, beetroot and grain crops maize, sorghum and sweet corn.

Gesagard is used on carrots, celery, leeks, potatoes, chickpeas, peas, cotton and perennial grass and ryegrass seed crops while Primextra Gold is used on maize, sorghum and sweet corn.

The Weekly Times questioned AusVeg about the recalled herbicides and asked if Nufarm, Crop Care and Syngenta had done enough to inform farmers about the contamination, given the herbicides had caused severe crop losses and soil contamination.

But AusVeg would not comment.

EDITORIAL: COVER-UP DAMAGES OUR IMAGE

AusVeg, which receives levies from Australian vegetable growers to advocate on their behalf, is in a “strategic partnership” with Nufarm and Syngenta.

The AusVeg website says AusVeg is “proud” to partner with Nufarm to “help Australian farmers grow a better tomorrow” and AusVeg’s partnership with Syngenta will have “many positive benefits for growers”.

A Nufarm and Crop Care spokesman said AusVeg and Horticulture Innovation Australia had been informed about the recalled Ramrod, and an AusVeg spokesman confirmed the peak body was aware of the recall and sent two emails to growers informing them about the contamination.

READ MORE: CHEMICALS MAY POSE SERIOUS RISK TO PLANTS

The Weekly Times was unable to find any vegetable growers who had received these emails from AusVeg.

Despite knowing about the recall, AusVeg has not published any information about it on its website nor any media releases with the details.

Horticulture Innovation Australia published a short not­ice about the recall on its website, but did not publish any media releases about the recall.

Horticulture Innovation Australia’s annual national conference, which is run in conjunction with AusVeg, has featured Syngenta as its leading sponsor for the past eight years.

2017 March + 2017 May: Chemical Contamination: Tainted Herbicide Shock. Pesticides: Propachlor, Prometryn, Metolachlor, Atrazine

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Chemical crop contamination: Tainted herbicide shock

EXCLUSIVE: HUNDREDS of farmers across Australia have unwittingly contaminated their crops with tainted herbicides.

The Weekly Times can reveal 200,000 litres of contaminated herbicides had been in supply stores for up to two years, with little effort made by agrochemical companies to inform farmers about the tainted products.

The Weekly Times understands the herbicides were contaminated at manufacturer Accensi’s Brisbane plant, when equipment was allegedly not properly cleaned and a cocktail of chemicals contaminated the product.

Investigations reveal major agrochemical companies Nufarm, Crop Care — which is owned by Nufarm — and Syngenta recalled the contaminated herbicides on December 8, 2016 and January 20 this year, but chose not to publicise the recalls.

The three companies did not advertise the recalls in media outlets or publish media releases about the recalls, which are all recommendations in recall guidelines of the Federal Government’s chemical watchdog, the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority.

The Weekly Times can reveal the APVMA also made little or no effort to inform farmers about the recall.

The AVPMA chose not to publish the recalls on its website and did not make contact with farmers, despite knowing the companies had recalled the tainted herbicide. Instead, suppliers and distributors were left with the responsibility of informing growers.

READ MORE: VEGETATIVE STATE ON RECALL

Farmers who bought the herbicides told The Weekly Times they had not been contacted and had been using them months after recalls were made.

There are fears farmers are still spraying the contaminated herbicides — Ramrod Flowable (Propachlor), Gesagard (Prometryn) and Primextra Gold (Metolachlor/Atrazine) — which are used to control weeds on vegetable and grain crops, pasture and perennial grasses.

With many farmers unaware of the problem, residual testing cannot take place, meaning the contamination’s impact on produce and consumers is unknown.

But The Weekly Times can reveal the contaminated herbicides have costs farmers millions of dollars in crop losses and soil damage and at least five farmers are taking legal action against the chemical companies.

Farmers who have been using the contaminated herbicides but did not want to be named, said it was the worst thing to happen to their businesses. They said they had spent months, and in some cases years, trying to figure out why their crops were dying or not performing.

“A contaminated herbicide is the very last thing I would think of,” one farmer said.

“Every crop we had applied it on, crop after crop, has been affected and in many cases we lost 100 per cent of crops.

“It has caused us so much pain and stress … we are farmers, you know, and don’t deserve this.”

Shepparton agricultural consultant David Bell has been working with some growers to assess the herbicide contamination’s damage to crops and the residual effect on future crops, and to calculate financial losses.

EDITORIAL: COVER-UP DAMAGES OUR IMAGE

Documents seen by The Weekly Times show Nufarm and Crop Care recalled 120,000 litres of Ramrod Flowable herbicide on December 8, 2016, while Syngenta recalled 40,000 litres of Gesagard herbicide and 40,000 litres of Primextra Gold herbicide on January 20, 2017.

Twelve batches of Ramrod Flowable were contaminated, with the first contaminated batch manufactured in February 2015, while four batches of Gesagard were contaminated, with the first contaminated batch manufactured in March 2016.

Primextra Gold was contaminated in four batches, with the first contaminated batch manufactured in August 2015.

The three contaminated herbicides were in supply stores for three to 24 months.

An agronomist who has seen the damage caused by the contaminated herbicides, but did not want to be named, said he couldn’t understand why Nufarm, Crop Care and Syngenta hadn’t done more to contact farmers about the recalls.

“It seems like they’ve tried to cover it up in a bid to avoid compensation … it’s just not right,” he said.

“Farmers don’t have time to be checking the internet for this kind of information, it needs to be communicated in public formats, and phone calls from the companies should be made.”

A Syngenta spokeswoman said contaminated batches of Gesagard and Primextra Gold were voluntarily withdrawn and therefore did not require media advertising. “Given the extremely low levels of contaminants, in consultation with the APVMA, it was decided the most appropriate course of action was to voluntarily withdraw identified batches through distributors,” the spokeswoman said.

“Syngenta has worked closely with the APVMA, distributors, growers and other parties to promptly work towards finding a solution to any issue that has arisen.”

A Nufarm and Crop Care spokesman said the companies became aware of low-level contamination in its Ramrod herbicide in November 2016 after conducting testing.

He said the companies worked with rural merchandise stores to remove affected product and identify farmers that had used the product.

“Crop Care worked with AUSVEG and Horticulture Innovation Australia to directly inform growers of the issue,” the spokesman said.

“A web page was created on the Crop Care website.”

READ MORE: CHEMICALS MAY POSE SERIOUS RISK TO PLANTS

The spokesman was confident all farmers were aware of the recall and said the company had not received any new reports of crop damage since January but confirmed an independent loss adjuster had been appointed to manage compensation cases.

The agrochemical companies would not answer questions about the manufacturer, Accensi, and would not say if they continue to have herbicides manufactured at the Brisbane plant. Accensi did not return calls for comment.

The APVMA, despite being the regulatory body, handballed most questions about the recalls to the agrochemical companies. A spokeswoman said the APVMA does not publish details of voluntary recalls on its website and had not made contact with farmers about the recalls, because it was not its role.

Charles Hart of Shepparton lawyers Dawes and Vary Riordan said if a farmer suffered a loss as a result of crop damage caused by contaminated herbicide then, generally speaking, the farmer will be entitled to recover any financial damages.

“Determining the quantum of any damage can be complex and farmers should seek advice,” a firm spokesman said.

A MAJOR herbicide recall is under way, sparking concerns Australia’s clean and green vegetable industry could be in jeopardy.

The Weekly Times can reveal agrochemical giant Syngenta is recalling 60,000 litres of Gesagard, one of the most common herbicides sprayed on Australian vegetables — including carrots, celery, leaks and peas — to control weeds.

This comes just months after Syngenta recalled 80,000 litres of contaminated herbicides and assured farmers the contamination was an “isolated incident”, and that further herbicides, including Gesagard, had been “rigorously” tested and met “stringent quality standards”.

Documents seen by The Weekly Times show the 60,000 litres of Gesagard were allegedly contaminated during the manufacturing process at Accensi in Brisbane and contained chemicals such as atrazine.

The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority website says atrazine is “toxic to many vegetables”.

The tainted Gesagard has been on retail shelves and unwittingly sprayed by Australian farmers for up to 3½ years.

The Weekly Times can also reveal Syngenta continued to sell batches of Gesagard despite knowing they were contaminated.

RELATED COVERAGE: WRONGED GROWERS HIT HARD

Documents seen by The Weekly Times show that on April 24 Syngenta received test results from Agrisolutions, an independent chemical testing company, that found at least 10,000 litres of Gesagard were contaminated.

But on May 8, Syngenta told The Weekly Times Gesagard batches that had been tested were not contaminated.

On the same day The Weekly Times questioned the APVMA about the Gesagard contamination, but the government chemical regulator would not comment.

The Weekly Times informed Syngenta last Friday it intended to publish a story about the contamination. Only then did Syngenta confirm 60,000 litres of Gesagard was contaminated. A Syngenta spokeswoman said the Gesagard had been “recently” recalled, but would not provide the exact date.

The spokeswoman said the recall had been communicated to Syngenta’s customers but a major outlet said it was not aware of the recall.

One retailer, who did not want to be named, said Syngenta told him a month ago Gesagard was not contaminated.

Neither APVMA nor Syngenta’s websites contain any information about the Gesagard recall. Gesagard is sold in 20-litre drums and was still for sale in a retail store in Victoria on Saturday.

This is the second major herbicide contamination recall in Australia this year.

2016 December: Spray Drift causes Widespread Damage to CSIRO cotton plots. Pesticide: Glyphosate

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Severe spray drift damage serves as a warning to prevent off-target spray drift

Media release: 23 December 2016

Local farmers have been warned to be vigilant of off-target spray drift, following widespread damage to CSIRO experimental cotton plots at the Australian Cotton Research Institute (ACRI) near Narrabri.

CSIRO Lead Cotton Breeder Dr Warwick Stiller, who leads the breeding program, reported severe damage to all of CSIRO’s experimental conventional cotton plots in November after a Group M herbicide drifted from its intended target.

The damage to the crop is so severe, it will impact the industry’s cotton breeding program.

“These plots underpin the Australian cotton industry’s entire breeding program and pipeline for the release of future varieties. The impact on these plants is so severe that I am not confident we will see these experiments through to the end of the season,” Dr Stiller says.

“I have been part of the CSIRO cotton breeding team for more than 20 years, and this is the worst spray drift damage I have witnessed on site. CSIRO’s conventional cotton breeding lines do not contain resistance genes for glyphosate, which makes our plots susceptible to damage.”

The NSW Environment Protection Authority’s (EPA) Adam Gilligan, Regional Director North, says spray drift often travels a considerable distance because of changes in wind strength or direction.

“Our message to all users is a simple one – read product labels carefully, monitor local weather conditions and tell your neighbours ahead of time if you are spraying,” Mr Gilligan says.

“If you are impacted, report it to the EPA’s 24/7 Environment Line on 131 555.”

“Herbicides and pesticides are important in agricultural operations, but it is vital these products are handled and used with care.”

Cotton Australia Regional Manager Paul Sloman says all farmers, regardless of what chemical is applied, are encouraged to use best practice guides and tools to prevent damage to nearby farms.

“Unfortunately, this event serves as a timely reminder about the potential dangers of spraying,” Mr Sloman says.

1960’s: Warriewood Valley (NSW). Death Valley/Poisoned Paddocks. Pesticides: DDT, Dieldrin

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By the 1960s, however, the glasshouses began to disappear because of the loss of traditional markets and competition from growers in Queensland, along with increasing residential development.

At the same time, the “glass city” and “crystal valley” monikers came to be replaced by more unpleasant ones, including “death valley” and “poisoned paddocks” as growers became aware of the deadly effects of the chemicals including DDT and dieldrin that had been used in the valley for years.

There were claims that between 10 and 20 growers had died as the result of chemical poisoning, although the Health Department denied there had been any increase in deaths related to the use of chemicals in the valley.

The valley was also known for its numerous stables and a riding school called Boots and Saddles but today there are thought to be no more than 15 horses left in the area.

Today the rural atmosphere of Warriewood and some of the most fertile soil on the peninsula has largely disappeared under the concrete and bitumen of suburban development.

Source: http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/newslocal/manly-daily/valleys-rich-soil-once-made-it-the-beaches-market-garden-mecca/news-story/6447560c11efa5c69060bcd608325378

2012-2016: Wodonga Creek. Pesticides: 2,4-D, Atrazine, Diazinon, Hexazinone, Malathion, MCPA, Simazine, Triclopyr

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Date Location Pesticide Value µg/L
5/06/2013 Wodonga Creek P.S. at tap 2,4-D 0.03
26/10/2016 Wodonga Creek P.S. at tap 2,4-D 0.01
8/11/2012 Wodonga Creek P.S. at tap Atrazine 0.02
8/11/2012 Wodonga Creek P.S. at tap Diazinon 0.01
8/11/2012 Wodonga Creek P.S. at tap Hexazinone 0.02
8/11/2012 Wodonga Creek P.S. at tap Malathion 0.02
8/11/2012 Wodonga Creek P.S. at tap MCPA 0.01
26/10/2016 Wodonga Creek P.S. at tap MCPA 0.01
23/10/2013 Wodonga Creek P.S. at tap Simazine 0.04
26/10/2016 Wodonga Creek P.S. at tap Simazine 0.04
5/06/2013 Wodonga Creek P.S. at tap Triclopyr 0.02

2012-2016: Walkers Saddle Yackandandah. Pesticides: Hexazinone, Triclopyr

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Date Location Pesticide Value µg/L
7/11/2012 Walker’s Saddle Basin at outlet – Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.02
4/06/2013 Walker’s Saddle Basin at outlet – Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.03
30/07/2013 Walker’s Saddle Basin at outlet – Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.02
21/01/2014 Walker’s Saddle Basin at outlet – Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.04
29/07/2014 Walker’s Saddle Basin at outlet – Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.02
28/01/2015 Walker’s Saddle Basin at outlet – Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.04
29/07/2015 Walker’s Saddle Basin at outlet – Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.03
26/01/2016 Walker’s Saddle Basin at outlet – Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.04
29/07/2014 Walker’s Saddle Basin at outlet – Yackandandah Triclopyr 0.02

2012-2016: Nine Mile Creek Yackandandah. Pesticides: Hexazinone, Triclopyr

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Date Location Pesticide Value µg/L
7/11/2012 Nine Mile Creek, Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.03
4/06/2013 Nine Mile Creek, Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.03
30/07/2013 Nine Mile Creek, Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.02
21/01/2014 Nine Mile Creek, Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.04
29/07/2014 Nine Mile Creek, Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.02
28/01/2015 Nine Mile Creek, Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.04
29/07/2015 Nine Mile Creek, Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.02
26/01/2016 Nine Mile Creek, Yackandandah Hexazinone 0.03
29/07/2014 Nine Mile Creek, Yackandandah Triclopyr 0.02

2012-2016: Murray River at Tap at Inlet to Treatment Plant, Wahgunyah. Pesticides: Atrazine, MCPA, Simazine, Terbutryn

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Date Location Pesticide Value µg/L
8/11/2012 Murray River at tap at inlet to treatment plant Wahgunyah Atrazine 0.01
25/07/2013 Murray River at tap at inlet to treatment plant Wahgunyah Atrazine 0.03
30/10/2014 Murray River at tap at inlet to treatment plant Wahgunyah Atrazine 0.01
24/10/2013 Murray River at tap at inlet to treatment plant Wahgunyah MCPA 0.01
27/10/2016 Murray River at tap at inlet to treatment plant Wahgunyah MCPA 0.01
27/10/2016 Murray River at tap at inlet to treatment plant Wahgunyah Simazine 0.04
25/07/2013 Murray River at tap at inlet to treatment plant Wahgunyah Terbutryn 0.01

2012-2016: Lake Mulwala, Yarrawonga WTP. Pesticides: Atrazine, MCPA, Simazine

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Date Location Pesticide Value µg/L
15/11/2012 Lake Mulwala, Yarrawonga WTP Atrazine 0.01
13/06/2013 Lake Mulwala, Yarrawonga WTP Atrazine 0.03
25/07/2013 Lake Mulwala, Yarrawonga WTP Atrazine 0.01
30/07/2015 Lake Mulwala, Yarrawonga WTP Atrazine 0.04
28/07/2016 Lake Mulwala, Yarrawonga WTP Atrazine 0.05
13/06/2013 Lake Mulwala, Yarrawonga WTP MCPA 0.04
13/06/2013 Lake Mulwala, Yarrawonga WTP Simazine 0.04
30/07/2015 Lake Mulwala, Yarrawonga WTP Simazine 0.03
28/07/2016 Lake Mulwala, Yarrawonga WTP Simazine 0.04

2012-2016: Lake Hume at Bethanga Bridge, Bellbridge

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Date Location Pesticide Value µg/L
12/10/2016 Lake Hume at Bethanga Bridge, Bellbridge Atrazine 0.01
8/11/2012 Lake Hume at Bethanga Bridge, Bellbridge MCPA 0.01
14/10/2015 Lake Hume at Bethanga Bridge, Bellbridge MCPA 0.01
12/10/2016 Lake Hume at Bethanga Bridge, Bellbridge Simazine 0.05
12/10/2016 Lake Hume at Bethanga Bridge, Bellbridge Terbufos 0.01