1980’s: Emerald Queensland. Cotton Spraying. Childhood leukemia

“The Fairbairn Dam, built in 1972, brought new industry and new wealth to outback Queensland – and, it would seem, a new curse. Emerald, the centre of the region’s cotton industry, now has a childhood leukaemia rate sixteen times the expected norm”… p 149 Chemical Crisis One Woman’s Story. Humanity’s Future? Diana Crumpler 1994.
“In southern Queensland there are five small country regions distinguished by their high child cancer rates and heavy use of pesticides. Between 1980 and 1987 each region had a far higher than expected rate of child leukaemia. Between 1980 and 1985 eight children in these regions died of leukaemia, seven of whom were living in the town of Emerald at the time of diagnosis. This was over eight times the expected rate for a town of that size. According to probability, only 0.86 cases of child leukaemia would be expected in a town the size of Emerald with similar probabilities in the other areas. The probability of the seven Emerald cases occurring in that same time span was 0.0000041 – a four in one million chance. p29 Quick Poison Slow Poison Pesticide Risk in the Lucky Country. Kate Short 1994.